Peerage of England

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The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain.

Until the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, all Peers of England could sit in the House of Lords. (Peeresses of England were only granted seats with the Peerage Act 1963).

The ranks of the English peerage are, in descending order, duke, marquess, earl, viscount, and baron. While most newer English peerages descend only in male line, many of the older ones (particularly older baronies) can descend through females. Under English inheritance law all daughters are co-heirs, so many older English peerage titles have fallen into abeyance between various female co-heirs.

In the following table, each peer is listed only by his or her highest English title, showing higher or equal titles in the other peerages.

Dukes in the Peerage of England[edit]

See also List of Dukedoms in the Peerages of the British Isles

Title Creation Other Dukedom titles
The Duke of Cornwall 1337 always held by eldest son of the monarch Duke of Rothesay in the Peerage of Scotland.
The Duke of Norfolk 1483 Premier Duke of England  
The Duke of Somerset 1547  
The Duke of Richmond 1675 Duke of Lennox in the Peerage of Scotland;
Duke of Gordon in the Peerage of the UK
The Duke of Grafton 1675  
The Duke of Beaufort 1682  
The Duke of St Albans 1684  
The Duke of Bedford 1694  
The Duke of Devonshire 1694  
The Duke of Marlborough 1702  
The Duke of Rutland 1703  

Marquesses in the Peerage of England[edit]

See also List of marquessates in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

Title Creation Other titles
The Marquess of Winchester 1551 Premier Marquess of England

Earls in the Peerage of England[edit]

See also List of Earldoms in the Peerage of England

Title Creation Other Earldom or higher titles
The Earl of Shrewsbury 1442 Earl Talbot in the Peerage of Great Britain;
Earl of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland
The Earl of Derby 1485  
The Earl of Huntingdon 1529  
The Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery 1551; 1605  
The Earl of Devon 1553  
The Earl of Lincoln 1572  
The Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire 1603; 1626  
The Earl of Exeter 1605 Marquess of Exeter in the Peerage of the UK
The Earl of Salisbury 1605 Marquess of Salisbury in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Earl of Northampton 1618 Marquess of Northampton in the Peerage of the UK
The Earl of Denbigh 1622 Earl of Desmond in the Peerage of Ireland
The Earl of Westmorland 1624  
The Earl of Manchester 1626 Duke of Manchester in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Earl of Lindsey and Abingdon 1626; 1682  
The Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham 1628; 1681  
The Earl of Sandwich 1660  
The Earl of Essex 1661  
The Earl of Cardigan 1661 Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the U.K
The Earl of Carlisle 1661  
The Earl of Doncaster 1663 Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry in the Peerage of Scotland
The Earl of Shaftesbury 1672  
The Earl of Portland 1689  
The Earl of Scarbrough 1690  
The Earl of Albemarle 1697  
The Earl of Coventry 1697  
The Earl of Jersey 1697  
The Earl of Cholmondeley 1706 Marquess of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the UK

Viscounts in the Peerage of England[edit]

See also List of viscountcies in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

Title Creation Other Viscountcy or higher titles
The Viscount Hereford 1550 Premier Viscount of England  
The Viscount Townshend 1682 Marquess Townshend in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Viscount Weymouth 1682 Marquess of Bath in the Peerage of Great Britain

Barons and Baronesses in the Peerage of England[edit]

See also List of Baronies in the Peerage of England

Title Creation Other Barony or higher titles
The Baron de Ros 1264 Premier Baron of England  
The Baron le Despencer 1264 Viscount Falmouth in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Mowbray, Segrave and Stourton 1283; 1295; 1448  
The Baron Grey de Wilton 1295  
The Baron Hastings 1295  
The Baron FitzWalter 1295  
The Baron Clinton 1299  
The Baron De La Warr 1299 Earl De La Warr in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron de Clifford 1299  
The Baron Strange, Hungerford and de Moleyns 1299; 1426; 1445 Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the UK
The Baron Zouche 1308  
The Baroness Willoughby de Eresby 1313  
The Baron Strabolgi 1318  
The Baroness Dacre 1321  
The Baroness Grey de Ruthyn 1324  
The Baron Darcy de Knayth 1332  
The Baron Cromwell 1375  
The Baron Camoys 1383  
The Baron Grey of Codnor 1397  
The Baron Berkeley 1421 Lord Gueterbock for Life in the Peerage of the UK
The Baron Latymer 1432  
The Baron Dudley 1440  
The Baron Saye and Sele 1447  
The Baroness Berners 1455  
The Baron Herbert 1461  
The Baron Willoughby de Broke 1491  
The Baron Vaux of Harrowden 1523  
The Baroness Braye 1529  
The Baron Windsor 1529 Earl of Plymouth in the Peerage of the UK
The Baron Burgh 1529  
The Baron Wharton 1544  
The Baron Howard of Effingham 1554 Earl of Effingham in the Peerage of the UK
The Baron St John of Bletso 1559  
The Baroness Howard de Walden 1597  
The Baron Petre 1603  
The Baron Clifton 1608 Earl of Darnley in the Peerage of Ireland
The Baron Dormer 1615  
The Baron Teynham 1616  
The Baron Brooke 1621 Earl Brooke and of Warwick in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Craven 1626 Earl of Craven in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Strange 1628  
The Baron Stafford 1640  
The Baron Byron 1643  
The Baron Ward 1644 Earl of Dudley in the Peerage of the UK
The Baron Lucas 1663 Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland
The Baroness Arlington 1665  
The Baron Clifford of Chudleigh 1672  
The Baron Guilford 1683 Earl of Guilford in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Waldegrave 1683 Earl Waldegrave in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Barnard 1698  
The Baron Guernsey 1703 Earl of Aylesford in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Gower 1703 Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the UK;
Marquess of Stafford in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Conway 1703 Marquess of Hertford in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Hervey 1703 Marquess of Bristol in the Peerage of the UK;
Earl of Bristol in the Peerage of Great Britain

See also[edit]