Peerless Motor Company

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This article is about the American automobile. For other uses, see Peerless (disambiguation).
Peerless Motor Company
Former type Automobile Manufacturing
Industry Automotive
Fate Became Peerless Corp. Brewers
Founded 1900
Defunct 1931
Headquarters Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Area served United States
Key people Louis P. Mooers, Chief Engineer (1901-1905)[1]
Charles Schmidt, Chief Engineer (1905-?)[1]
Products Luxury automobiles
Automotive parts ,
Military vehicles

Peerless Motor Company was a United States automobile manufacturer that produced the Peerless brand of motorcars in Cleveland, Ohio from 1900 to 1931. One of the "Three Ps"-Packard, Peerless, and Pierce-Arrow-the company was known for building high-quality, luxury automobiles.[2] Peerless popularized a number of vehicle innovations that later became standard equipment, including drum brakes and the first enclosed-body production cars.[2][1]

History[edit]

Peerless Motor Company factory, circa 1910s

Established in Cleveland in 1900, Peerless Motors began producing De Dion-Bouton "machines" under license from the French Company. Engineer Louis P. Mooers designed the first Peerless models, as well as several proprietary engines.[2] The first Peerless-branded vehicles appeared in 1902, with a front-mounted engine driving the rear wheels through a shaft. This later became the standard vehicle propulsion layout for automobiles. In 1904, Mooers penned the Green Dragon racecar and enlisted Barney Oldfield to drive it. The Green Dragon brought notability and success to Peerless, as Oldfield used it to set a number of early world automobile speed records.[2]

In 1905, the 35-horsepower Green Dragon, competed in the world's first 24-hour endurance race in Columbus, Ohio. Piloted by Earnest Bollinger, Aurther Feasel, and briefly by Barney Oldfield, the Peerless led the race for the first hour before crashing into a fence, later finishing in 3rd place.[3]

From 1905-1907, Peerless experienced a rapid expansion in size and production volume.[2] As the Peerless namesake grew in notoriety, the company began producing increasingly higher-priced models with a focus on luxury. Notable customers included Cornelius Vanderbilt and John D. Rockefeller.[1] In 1911, Peerless was one of the first car companies to introduce electric lighting on their vehicles, with electric starters added in 1913.[1] In 1915, the firm introduced its first V8 engine, intending to compete with the Cadillac V8 introduced a year earlier.[2] This model became Peerless' staple production vehicle until 1925, when engines produced by other manufacturers were first used in Peerless models.

Peerless emblem

During World War I, Peerless manufactured military vehicle chassis and trucks.[1]

In 1929, the entire Peerless range was redesigned to compete with other vehicles produced by Stutz and Marmon.[2] This move saw increased sales, and for 1930 another design refresh was undertaken. However, the Great Depression that began in 1930 spelled the end of luxury automobiles. Peerless stripped-down production and attempted to market one line of vehicles to wealthy Americans who were not affected by the depression. In 1930-31, Peerless commissioned Murphy Body Works to design what the company envisioned as its 1933 model. The task was assigned to a young Frank Hershey, who produced a remarkably clean, elegant vehicle. A single V16-engined 1931 Peerless was finished in June 1931, the last Peerless ever produced.[2]

Peerless remained an idle business until the end of Prohibition in 1933 allowed the manufacture of alcohol. Peerless then revamped its factory and gained a license to brew beer under the Carling Black Label and Red Cap ale brands.[2][1]

Hershey's single prototype remained in Peerless factory until the end of World War II and it is now owned by the Crawford Auto-Aviation Museum.

The following Peerless vehicles are deemed "classic cars" by the Classic Car Club of America (CCCA): 1925 Series 67; 1926 — 1928 Series 69; 1929 Model Eight-125; [4]1930-1 Custom 8 and the 1932 Deluxe Custom 8. However, all Peerless vehicles are considered collectible.

Gallery of selected models[edit]

Main gallery of images: Commons:Category:Peerless vehicles

1911 Peerless Model 32
1912 Peerless Model 36 with right-hand drive
Peerless Model 56 7-Passenger Touring 1917
1931 Peerless
1905 advertisement

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Vaughn, Daniel. "1912 Peerless Model 36". ConceptCarz. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Georgano, G. N., ed. (1971). Encyclopedia of American Automobiles (2nd ed.). London: Rainbird Reference Books. pp. 153–154. ISBN 0-525-097929. 
  3. ^ Estep, E. Ralph, ed. (6 September 1905). "Eventful 24 Hours". The Motor Way (Chicago, IL) 13 (1): 13. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  4. ^ 2013 CCCA List of Full Classics; 8-125 owner Mr. John Knight of Canada

External links[edit]