Pegasides

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The fountain Hippocrene where the mythological Pegasides live.

Pegasides were nymphs from Greek mythology connected to wells and brooks.[1] They are associated with water holes, in particular those the mythical horse Pegasus made by striking the ground with his hooves.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Mountain Helicon, a residence of Pegasides and the place where Pegasus created the fountain Hippocrene.

Pegasides are connected with the term Pegasis, which means all that descended from Pegasus or originated from him.[3] As a further relation, Pegasis also is the name given to the nymph Oenone by the Roman poet Ovid, who was the daughter of the river-god Cebrenus.[2]

Origins[edit]

Pegasides are related to the divinity Pegasus. As laid on some mythic versions this alated stallion was the son of Poseidon, the sea-god of the Greeks.[4] Pegasus was as well sacred to the Roman god Neptune and the rivers, and dedicated as a general symbol of the waters.[5]

According to the mythological narration, the hero Bellerophon needed the untamed Pegasus to help him defeat the monster Chimera. Hence while the steed satisfied his thirst at the fountain Pirene in Corinth, Greece, Bellerophon managed to catch him. Pegasus, alarmed by the sudden assault, struck with his hoof against a rock, which then is said to have produced the fountain Hippocrene on Mount Helicon.[6]

Pegasus and Bellerophon by Gustave Moreau, 19th century.

This spring, and other wells that rose from the blows of Pegasus, are associated with the Pegasides, the nymphs of brooks and wells.[4] This way, nymphs in general from wells and brooks,[7] and sometimes the goddesses Muses are themselves also called Pegasides[3][4] because the fountain Hippocrene was sacred to them.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gardner, James (1858-60); p 639.
  2. ^ a b Lemprière, John; Anthon, C. (1825); p 530.
  3. ^ a b Smith, William (1849); p 165.
  4. ^ a b c Walford, Edward (1897); p 77, vol 33.
  5. ^ Anthon, Charles (1857); p 989.
  6. ^ Adam, Alexander (1816); p 394.
  7. ^ a b Smith, William (1858); p 534.

References[edit]

Gardner, James (1858-60). The faiths of the world; an account of all religions and religious sects, their doctrines, rites, ceremonies, and customs. Edinburgh, London, A. Fullarton & Co. OCLC 4914490. 
Lemprière, John; Anthon, Charles (1825). A classical dictionary; containing a copious account of all the proper names mentioned in ancient authors ... New York, E. Duyckinck, G. Long. OCLC 5897265. 
Anthon, Charles (1857). A classical dictionary: containing an account of the principal proper names mentioned in ancient authors and intended to elucidate all the important points connected with geography, history, biography, mythology, and fine arts of the Greeks and Romans. New York, Harper & Bros. OCLC 1395800. 
Adam, Alexander (1816). A Summary of Geography and History, both Ancient and Modern: with an Abridgment of the Fabulous History of Mythology of the Greeks. London, printed for T. Cadell And W. Davies. OCLC 751291898. 
Walford, Edward; Cox, John C; Apperson, George L. (1897). The Antiquary (1897). Cambridge (eng.): ProQuest LLC, 2008. OCLC 663459113. 
Smith, William (1858). A classical dictionary of biography, mythology, and geography : based on the larger dictionaries. London : John Murray. OCLC 316433650. 
Erasmus, Desiderius (1993). Poems: Volume 85-86 (Collected Works of Erasmus). University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division. p. 438. ISBN 0-8020-2867-5.