|Occupation||Associate Director of the Wellesley College Center for Research on Women
Founder and Co-Director of the National SEED Project on Inclusive Curriculum (Seeking Educational Equity & Diversity)
Director of the Gender, Race, and Inclusive Education Project
Co-founder of the Rocky Mountain Women's Institute
Consulting Editor to Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women
|Employer||Wellesley College Center for Research on Women|
|Known for||Writing on white and male privileges|
Peggy McIntosh is an American feminist and anti-racist activist, the associate director of the Wellesley Centers for Women, and a speaker and the founder and co-director of the National S.E.E.D. Project on Inclusive Curriculum (Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity).
The "Invisible Knapsack" is a term coined by McIntosh in her essay, "Unpacking the Knapsack of White Privilege", based on racial inequality. McIntosh argues that the unearned resources carried in the Invisible Knapsack are not in broad view or intended to be seen. Her short essay states that, “White privilege is like an invisible weightless knapsack of special provisions, maps, passports, codebooks, visas, clothes, tools and blank checks." McIntosh emphasizes that these privileges are not distributed equally or shared by individuals of every race. -
- SEED Project website, at Wellesley Centers for Women.
- McIntosh, 1988. Working Paper #189, Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley, MA 02181.
- “White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to see Correspondences Through Work in Women’s Studies.” iub.edu;
- First published as Peggy McIntosh 'White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to see Correspondences through Work in Women’s Studies', Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Working Paper, 189 (Wellesley, Mass.: Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, 1988); better known in excerpted form as Peggy McIntosh, 'White privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack', Peace and Freedom (July/August 1989), 9-10; repr. in Independent School, 49 (1990), 31–35. http://people.westminstercollege.edu/faculty/jsibbett/readings/White_Privilege.pdf