Pejar Dam in November 2005
in New South Wales
|Location||Southern Tablelands, New South Wales|
|Purpose||Potable water supply|
|Owner(s)||Goulburn Mulwaree Council|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Embankment dam|
|Height||26 m (85 ft)|
|Length||367 m (1,204 ft)|
|Dam volume||95×103 m3 (3.4×106 cu ft)|
|Spillway capacity||2,470 m3/s (87,000 cu ft/s)|
|Total capacity||9,000 ML (320×106 cu ft)|
|Catchment area||143 km2 (55 sq mi)|
|Surface area||1.55 km2 (0.60 sq mi)|
The Pejar Dam is an earth and rock-filled embankment dam with an uncontrolled spillway across the Wollondilly River, located in the Southern Tablelands region of New South Wales, Australia. The principal purpose of the dam is to supply potable water for the city of . The impounded 9,000-megalitre (320×106 cu ft) reservoir is also called Pejar Dam.
Location and features
The dam was completed in 1979 by the New South Wales Department of Works for the Goulburn City Council to augment the water supply. The height of the dam wall is 26 metres (85 ft), and 367 metres (1,204 ft) in length. The earth and rock-filled embankment wall is 95×103 m3 (3.4×106 cu ft) by volume. The uncontrolled spillway discharges overflow at the rate of 2,470 cubic metres per second (87,000 cu ft/s). The reservoir has a maximum storage capacity of 9,000 megalitres (320×106 cu ft) over 1.55 square kilometres (0.60 sq mi) drawn from a catchment area of 143 square kilometres (55 sq mi).
It is one of three water storage facilities serving the city, and is used to augment the water supply when Sooley Dam is unable to maintain enough water in Rossi Weir, from which Goulburn's water filtration plant is supplied. Water is released from the dam down the Wollondilly River where due to issues of loss the water fails to arrive at Rossi weir, upstream from Goulburn. Water is actually pumped to the city's water treatment works from Rossi Weir which is pumped down from Sooley Dam then and distributed to Goulburn's reticulation system for consumption.
Powered and unpowered boating is permitted on the reservoir; with access via a gravel launch ramp. The reservoir is suitable for kayaks and canoes. Barbeques, picnic shelters, untreated water and rubbish bins are provided. Swimming is not permitted. Camping is also not permitted at Pejar Dam.
||This section may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. (February 2012)|
In theory Pejar Dam represents 60% of Goulburns’ water, because of its size in proportion to the total storage. In practice Pejar Dam does not perform near this level because it is not catching and then delivering that amount of water to Goulburn. This is because Pejar Dam has no engineered link to the City and no engineered link to the river.
In May 2005, the Goulburn City Council announced that, as a result of prolonged drought conditions, storage had reached a crisis point as dam levels fell to 10% of capacity. Even though there had been no significant rain since December 2004 Sooley Dam had maintained a capacity of 70%. Despite this the council enforced the strictest of water restrictions, and released a political motivated statement that the city was likely to run out of water by early-2006. In November 2005, although the drought has broken in districts surrounding the region, the dam was still 11% full.
In March 2006, in the drought and when Sooley Dam was full, Council released all the remaining water from the Pejar Dam accounting to about 900 megalitres (32×106 cu ft) or 10% of its storage. This was a clear breach of the operating rules. Council figures show that over the period of this release from the dam, the city experienced the largest amount of water lost from storage on record. About 600 megalitres (21×106 cu ft) of water was unaccounted for, or about 4 months supply at that time. This is the equivalent of 70% of what was in Pejar, lost. By April 2006, this level has dropped to 0.1% of capacity. On 21 April 2006 the Pejar Dam was declared officially empty after the local water authority emptied the dam.
It has become evident from Councils’ 2007 hydrology studies, that Pejar Dam doesn’t yield as much water as it was originally estimated to yield, particularly in drought years. Pejar Dam was last full in November 2000. Five years later, in May 2006, it was empty. It remained empty until heavy, specific rain in June 2007. As of 2008, Pejar Dam was about 50% capacity. During this same period Sooley Dam did not drop below 70% of storage. Sooley obviously has a better yield than Pejar as a result of its catchment location and ability to draw flood water back form the river for storage. In addition Sooley Dams’ pipeline and short water transfer to Goulburn also contributes to its better supply performance.
- "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. Australian National Committee on Large Dams. 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Water management". Water (Goulburn Mulwaree Council). Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Hodgkinson, Katrina (12 January 2012). "Thousands of trout released into new home near Goulburn" (PDF). NSW Minister for Primary Industries (Press release). NSW Department of Primary Industries. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Minister stocks Pejar trout". Fishing World. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Pejar Dam". Visitor's Guide to Gouburn. Goulburn Mulwaree Council. 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Mark, David (17 May 2005). "Eyes on Goulburn as water supply hits crisis point". The World Today: ABC Radio (Australia). Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Weekly demand and storage information" (PDF). Goulburn Mulwaree Council. 10 April 2006.
- Braithwaite, David (21 April 2006). "Dam dries up for first time in 25 years". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 April 2006.
- New South Wales Department of Agriculture drought maps (viewed 14 November 2005)
- Weekly demand and storage information for Goulburn and Marulan water. Goulburn Mulwaree Council
- Pejar pipeline plan - Goulburn Water[dead link]