Pekka Halonen

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Pekka Halonen in 1899.
Pioneers in Karelia, oil painting by Pekka Halonen.

Pekka Halonen (23 September 1865 – 1 December 1933) was a painter of Finnish landscapes and people in the national romantic style.

Biography[edit]

Pekka Halonen was born on 23 September 1865 in Linnasalmi, Lapinlahti, Finland, the son of Olli Halonen, a farmer, and Wilhelmina Halonen (née Uotinen). He studied in Helsinki at the Art Society's Drawing School, and in 1890 in Paris, first at the Academie Julian and later under Paul Gauguin.

Halonen lived with his family in a house and studio on Lake Tuusula in Tuusula, Finland, that he himself designed and named Halosenniemi. The building is now a museum that includes original furnishings and Halonen’s own art. On the shores of the lake where he resided an artists’ community flourished, helping to develop a sense of Finnish national identity. Halosenniemi was designed with the two-storey studios of Paris in mind, with high ceilings and tall windows in the studio, and second-floor living-quarters accessible by a set of stairs and a balcony that overlooked the studio. Adjacent to the house Halonen built a sauna, which in typical Finnish tradition also served as a laundry. Halonen stated that he never painted for anyone but himself. He felt that “Art should not jar the nerves like sandpaper – it should produce a feeling of peace.”

Halonen died in Tuusula on 1 December 1933.

There is a painting by Pekka Halonen in the post-impressionist section of the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest, Hungary. In 2013 the Groninger Museum in the Netherlands featured works by Halonen, Eero Järnefelt, Helene Schjerfbeck and Akseli Gallen-Kallela in an exhibition titled Nordic Art: The Modern Breakthrough.

References[edit]