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There are several figures named Pelagon (Πελάγων, -όνος) in Greek mythology.
- Pelagon (son of Amphidamas), the king of Phocis who gave Cadmus the cow that was to guide him to Boeotia.
- Pelagon or Pelegon, who is given in the Iliad as the father of the Paeonian warrior Asteropaeus, son of the river-god Axius and Periboea, the daughter of Acessamenus. Presumably this Pelagon was the eponymous founder of Pelagonia.
- Pelagon, an "illustrious" companion of Sarpedon, who removes Tlepolemus' spear from Sarpedon's thigh.
- Pelagon or Pelasgus, son of the river-god Asopus by Metope.
- Pelagon, one of the suitors of Hippodamia before Pelops.
- Pelagon, a native of Pylos who fought under Nestor in the Trojan War.
- Pelagon, one of the Calydonian hunters.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 12. 1
- Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 638
- Bibliotheca 3. 4. 1
- Homer, Iliad, 20. 142
- Homer. Iliad. 5. 695; scholia on this line inform that he was also referred to as "Selagon"
- Bibliotheca 3. 12. 6
- Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 72. 1
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6. 21. 11
- Homer, Iliad, 4. 295
- Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8. 360
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