Pelham is an unincorporated community in northwest Caswell County, North Carolina at the North Carolina/Virginia border. It is often considered a suburb of nearby Danville, Virginia. Pelham is located along Pelham Loop Road near the eastern terminus of NC 700 at US 29 (future Interstate 785). It was named for Confederate Col. John Pelham, known as "the Gallant Pelham" for his extraordinary bravery, whose parents, Dr. Atkinson and Martha Mumford McGehee Pelham, resided in neighboring Person County before moving to Alabama. Nearby communities, independent cities, and municipalities include Danville, Eden, Ruffin, Yanceyville, Purley, and Casville.