Pella (municipality)

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Pella
Πέλλα
Fountain in the centre of Pella
Fountain in the centre of Pella
Location
Pella is located in Greece
Pella
Pella
Coordinates 40°48′N 22°31′E / 40.800°N 22.517°E / 40.800; 22.517Coordinates: 40°48′N 22°31′E / 40.800°N 22.517°E / 40.800; 22.517
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Macedonia
Regional unit: Pella
Mayor: Grigoris Stamkos
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 63,122
 - Area: 668.6 km2 (258 sq mi)
 - Density: 94 /km2 (245 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 6,798
Community
 - Population: 2,398
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 36 m (118 ft)
Postal code: 580 05
Telephone: 23820
Auto: ΕΕ
Website
wwww.giannitsa.gr

Pella (Greek: Πέλλα) is a village and a municipality in the Pella regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. It is located on the site of ancient Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedonia and birthplace of Alexander The Great. The capital of the municipality is Giannitsa, the largest town of the prefecture.[2] On the site of the ancient city of Pella is the Archaeological Museum of Pella.

Municipality of Pella/ Giannitsa

History[edit]

A bust of Euripides.
Statue of Alexander the Great riding Bucephalus and carrying a winged statue of Nike (Alexander the Great Square).

Ancient Pella was a vast city. However, the city was ravaged by the Romans during the 1st Century BC and lost its significance. By the 19th century, Agii Apostoli occupied a site near the upper city, and the lower city extended down to the wetlands of Mavroneri.[3]

During the time of the Macedonian struggle, it was contested between Greek and Bulgarian nationalists. A survey by Vasil Kanchov in 1900 revealed that the population of Pella was 520 Bulgarian exarchists.[4] The village however, was taken by the Greek army during the Second Balkan War.

The village fell under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian exarchate and another survey conducted by Dimitar Mishev in 1905 claimed that in the village there were 720 Bulgarian excharchists.[5]

Name[edit]

During the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, the town was known in Greek as Άγιοι Απόστολοι (Agii Apostoli) 'Holy Apostles' and in Ottoman Turkish as Allah Kilise 'God's Church'.[3] Locals referred to the village as Postol, (South Slavic: Постол). The name Pella was revived in 1926.[6]

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Pella was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

The municipality has a population of 63,122 and a land area of 668.58 km². The capital of municipality of Pella is Giannitsa (population 29.789 at the 2011 census). Other towns Krya Vrysi (pop. 6.535), Mylotopos (pop. 2.605), Pella (pop. 2.450), Galatades (pop. 2.339), Karyotissa (pop.1.999), Aravissos (pop. 1800), Ampeleíai (pop. 1,095), Melíssion (983), Pentaplátanon (956), and Paralímni (816).

Famous people[edit]

  • Alexander the Great (356–323BC) King of Macedon who created the biggest Greek empire that ever existed.
  • Philip II of Macedon Father of Alexander the great and king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC.
  • Krste Misirkov (1874–1926), philologist and publicist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ a b Grande Encyclopedie, s.v. Pella
  4. ^ Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.147
  5. ^ D.M.Brancoff. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, р.102-103.
  6. ^ "Agioi Apostoloi -- Pella".  Pandektis: Name Changes of Settlements in Greece, copiled by the Institute for Neohellenic Research