Pemba, Mozambique

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This article is about the city in Mozambique. For other uses, see Pemba (disambiguation).
Pemba
Pemba Bay (5092988538).jpg
Pemba is located in Mozambique
Pemba
Pemba
Coordinates: 12°58′S 40°33′E / 12.967°S 40.550°E / -12.967; 40.550
Country  Mozambique
Provinces Cabo Delgado Province
District Pemba-Metuge District
City Status 1904
Area
 • Total 19.79 km2 (7.64 sq mi)
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 141,316
 • Density 7,100/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Area code(s) (+258) 272

Pemba is a port city in Mozambique. It is the capital of the province of Cabo Delgado and lies on a peninsula in Pemba Bay.

The town was founded by the Niassa Company in 1904 as Porto Amélia, after a queen of Portugal, at the peninsula's south western tip and has grown around a port. The city is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture.[1] It was renamed Pemba at the end of Portuguese rule, in 1975.

The city's inhabitants are primarily Makondes, Macuas and Mwanis. Local languages that are spoken are Kimwani and Macua, although Portuguese is widespread.

In the centre of Pemba, there is an authentic local market or Souk, where arts and crafts, as well as traditional silverware can be bought.

Pemba is also renowned as being a prime destination for water sport and diving enthusiasts as a coral reef lies close to the shore. Pemba has increasingly become a tourist destination, particularly for upper-middle class Mozambicans and South Africans. There is now a weekly flight from Johannesburg to Pemba, a hotel, the Pemba Beach Hotel, restaurants, and other forms of entertainment. Pemba is the closest major city and airport for those who wish to visit Quirimbas Islands and Quirimbas National Park.

International Relations[edit]

Pemba is twinned with:

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[2]
1986 50 215
1997 88 149
2007 141 316

Port[edit]

Pemba is a potential site for a deep water port.[3]

Climate[edit]

The coastal city of Pemba in northern Mozambique experiences a humid equatorial climate with a dry winter (Koppen Aw). Temperatures fluctuate only several degrees throughout the year due to the city's tropical location and considerable proximity to the equator. Precipitation-wise, however, two seasons comprise the year: the dry season and the wet season. The wet seasons spans from December to April, and brings fairly prodigious and reliable rainfall, with the wettest month of the year typically being March at 202.2 mm (7.96 in) of average total monthly precipitation. Conversely, the dry season stretches from May to November and brings marginally cooler temperatures, sunny skies, and stupendously low rainfall, with the driest month of the year typically being September at 2.2 mm (0.09 in) of average total monthly precipitation. Humidity is very high during the wet season, averaging 80-90%, but is much lower in the dry season. The warmest and coolest months of the year are January/February and July respectively.

Climate data for Pemba, Mozambique
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
30.4
(86.7)
29.5
(85.1)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
28.7
(83.7)
29.5
(85.1)
30.4
(86.7)
30.8
(87.4)
29.63
(85.33)
Average low °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73)
22.0
(71.6)
20.3
(68.5)
18.6
(65.5)
18.2
(64.8)
19.6
(67.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.6
(70.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.5
(74.3)
21.31
(70.36)
Rainfall mm (inches) 146.4
(5.764)
156.0
(6.142)
202.2
(7.961)
122.0
(4.803)
32.4
(1.276)
15.0
(0.591)
11.3
(0.445)
7.9
(0.311)
2.2
(0.087)
11.3
(0.445)
41.6
(1.638)
124.5
(4.902)
872.8
(34.365)
Avg. rainy days 11.0 10.4 12.6 9.4 3.2 2.4 1.6 1.2 0.6 1.5 3.6 8.4 65.9
Source: HKO [Hong Kong Observatory] (1961-1990) [4]

See also[edit]

Pemba Airport

External links[edit]

..

References[edit]

  1. ^ PORTO AMÉLIA-PEMBA, a film of Porto Amélia, Portuguese Mozambique
  2. ^ "Mozambique: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  3. ^ Railways Africa - UPGRADING PORT AT PEMBA
  4. ^ "Climate Statistics for Pemba, Mozambique". Retrieved February 24, 2012. 

Coordinates: 12°58′S 40°33′E / 12.967°S 40.550°E / -12.967; 40.550