Pemberton, Greater Manchester

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Coordinates: 53°32′10″N 2°40′26″W / 53.5360°N 2.6738°W / 53.5360; -2.6738

Pemberton
Pemberton Carnegie Library.jpg
Pemberton Carnegie Library
Pemberton is located in Greater Manchester
Pemberton
Pemberton
 Pemberton shown within Greater Manchester
Population 13,638 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SD555045
Metropolitan borough Wigan
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGAN
Postcode district WN5
Dialling code 01942
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wigan
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Pemberton is a mainly residential area of Wigan, and an electoral ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan,[1] in Greater Manchester, England.[2] It lies on the southwestern bank of the River Douglas,[3] contiguous to Wigan's town centre, and east of the M6 motorway. The area today serves as a predominantly residential suburb along with the adjoining area of Orrell and as a ward has a population of 13,638.[1]

Historically a part of Lancashire, Pemberton was formerly a township and parish in the hundred of West Derby. Following the Industrial Revolution, Pemberton became a densely populated industrial district comprising a variety of coal mines, stone-quarries, brick manufactories, and cotton mills.[3][4] Coal mining was the principal industry of what was described in 1911 as an "unpicturesque, bare and open" area.[3] The former Pemberton Urban District was amalgamated into the County Borough of Wigan in 1904.[2][5]

History[edit]

The name Pemberton derives from Penn-bere-tūn, which is believed to be a combination of the Celtic penn meaning hill, the Old English bere meaning barley plus the Old English suffix of -ton meaning a farm or settlement.[6][7]

Unmentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, Pemberton does not appear in records until 1212, when it was documented to have been a thegnage estate, or manor, comprising "two plough-lands", with an annual rate of 20 shillings payable by the tenant, Alan de Windle, to King John of England.[3]

There were several collieries in the area, and sandstone was also quarried. At Newtown were cotton mills and iron works. A well at Lamberhead Green (Pingate) was noted for its excellent water quality.[citation needed] The area is served by Pemberton railway station.

Governance[edit]

Pemberton was formerly a township in Wigan ecclesiastical parish,[8] in the hundred of West Derby, and was recognised as a civil parish in 1866. From 1894 to 1904, the Pemberton parish constituted the Pemberton Urban District.[9] In 1904 the urban district was abolished with its territory transferred to the borough[2] and local government County Borough of Wigan.[2][5][10] The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica describes Pemberton as being part of Wigan (which then formed 5082 acres).[11] In 1920, the Pemberton parish was abolished and its former area was used to enlarge the Wigan parish, making the area of the parish and county borough identical.[12] Pemberton today is considered part of Wigan for purposes of the Office for National Statistics, and in most reputable contemporary publications.[13] This is also the approach taken also in several other modern online sources, which omit Pemberton as a standalone settlement.[14][15]

Electoral Ward[edit]

The electoral ward of Pemberton is represented by three elected councillors. The ward covers the following neighbourhoods:

Wigan Council Members for Pemberton[edit]

Name Party Offices
Cllr. Paul Prescott Labour Chairman of Planning Committee
Chairman of the Regulation and Licensing Committee
Cllr. Jeanette Prescott Labour
"Office Vacant"
  • On 28 January 2013, Councillor Barbara Bourne, a representative of Pemberton since 1996, died in office following a long term illness. She was responsible for a long campaign for a new medical centre, which was opened in the area of Kitt Green, in 2010.[16] The office for a third councillor currently[when?] remains vacant.

Geography[edit]

Described in 1911 as "unpicturesque, bare and open",[3] Pemberton is predominantly made up of privately owned homes and local authority maintained housing, including Newtown, Worsley Mesnes, Norley Hall, Marsh Green and Kitt Green. Pemberton and its adjoining district of Orrell form one continuous residential area.

The soil is clay and loam, over Coal Measures and stone.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pemberton, 2001 United Kingdom Census, neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. URLs accessed 11 November 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - O to R. Retrieved 3 April 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Brownbill & Farrer 1911, pp. 78–83.
  4. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS, Descriptive Gazetteer entry for Pemberton, visionofbritain.org.uk 
  5. ^ a b Vision of Britain - Pemberton CP
  6. ^ Hanks 2003, p. 69.
  7. ^ University of Nottingham's Institute for Name-Studies. "Pemberton". nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  8. ^ Pemberton, Genuki - England and Ireland Genealogy - URL accessed 16 February 2007.
  9. ^ Pemberton Urban District Council, nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2007.
  10. ^ Ext.and appl.in pt.(mods.) - L.G.B. Provisional.Order.Confn.(No.13) 1904 (c.clxii), art.11 of Wigan (Extn.) O.
  11. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, (1911)
  12. ^ Vision of Britain - Wigan CP (historic map)
  13. ^ Youngs, F. (1991), Local Administrative Units: Northern England, London: Royal Historical Society, p. 192 
  14. ^ Towns & Villages of Wigan, manchester2002-uk.com. Retrieved 4 April 2007.
  15. ^ ROUND AND ABOUT WIGAN, spinningtheweb.org.uk. Retrieved 4 April 2007.
  16. ^ http://manchestergazette.co.uk/archives/11573

Bibliography[edit]

  • Brownbill, J; Farrer (1911), A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, Victoria County History, ISBN 978-0-7129-1055-2 
  • Hanks, Patrick (2003), Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-508137-4 
  • Lewis, Samuel (1848), A Topographical Dictionary of England, Institute of Historical Research, ISBN 978-0-8063-1508-9 

External links[edit]