Pembroke, Pembrokeshire

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Pembroke
Welsh: Penfro
Pembroke Main Street from the castle.jpg
Pembroke Main Street seen from the castle
Pembroke is located in Pembrokeshire
Pembroke
Pembroke
 Pembroke shown within Pembrokeshire
Population 7,552 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SM985015
Principal area Pembrokeshire
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PEMBROKE
Postcode district SA71
Dialling code 01646
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire
Welsh Assembly Camarthen West and South Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire

Coordinates: 51°40′34″N 4°54′57″W / 51.67604°N 4.9158°W / 51.67604; -4.9158

Pembroke (/ˈpɛmbrʊk/; Welsh: Penfro pronounced [pɛnˈvroː]) is an historic settlement and former county town of Pembrokeshire in west Wales.

History[edit]

Pembroke Main Street
Pembroke Castle in 2007.

Pembroke Castle, the remains of a stone mediæval castle was the birthplace of King Henry VII of England. Gerald de Windsor was Constable of Pembroke Pembroke town and castle and its surroundings are linked with the early Christian church. Later this was the site of the Knights of St John in the UK.

Monkton Priory has very early foundations and was renovated by the Knights in the last century. The first stone building was a defensive tower, now known as the Medieval Chapel, 69a Main Street, built on a cliff edge between 950 AD and 1000 AD. There are the remains of a great hall to the north and recently filled-in arched cellars. The building was used as an early church. The layout is the same as St. Govan's Chapel and it was used by John Wesley from 1764 to preach Methodism. After Westgate Chapel was built we do not know what it was used for after 1810. In 1866 it became the Brewery for the York Tavern which was Oliver Cromwell's headquarters at the siege of Pembroke during the English Civil War.

On both banks of Pembroke River to the west of the castle are many remains of early activities. The buildings of Catshole Quarry and the rare vegetation with the irreplaceable foreshore have recently been buried by dumped materials. The North Shore Quarries are relatively complete as are the remains of medieval and Elizabethan slipways where wooden vessels were built before the industrial Dockyard and Admiralty town was built on the grid pattern of Pembroke Dock.

There is a very early graving dock complete in what was Hancocks Yard, about to be buried by a massive infill of the mud flats to the North. The reclaimed land will be used to build high rise flats! The bridge which crosses and constrains the millpond was constructed to house a tide mill, originally granted to the Knight's Templars in 1199[1] which survived until it was burnt down in 1956.

At Pennar flats the early submarine base used for experiments in submarine warfare has been recently bulldozed to allow speculative development by executive housing. Three of the houses on the then foreshore, part of the shipyard before the Admiralty Dock Yard was built, are still standing but are heavily altered.

The ferry port of Pembroke Dock is a separate town, which was established in 1814. It lies three miles to the north of Pembroke.

Toponymy[edit]

The town and county derive their names from the cantref of Penfro: Pen = "head" or "end", and bro = "region", "country", "land", which has been interpreted to mean either "Land's End"[2] or "headland".[3]

Geography[edit]

Pembroke is located on the south Pembrokeshire peninsula, by the estuary of the river Cleddau. Pembroke town is located at the bottom of a small valley, flanked on all sides by woodland and arable farmland. The town is located 8 miles (13 km) south of the county town of Haverfordwest, and 75 miles (121 km) west of the capital of Wales, Cardiff.

The town is centred around the Main Street, which is the only street that is inside the original town walls. Outside of the walls, residential estates have been built to the north towards Pembroke Dock, to the east towards the village of Lamphey and to the south. To the west of the town lies the village of Monkton, which is included as part of the community of Pembroke. At the 2001 census, the community had a population of 7,214.[4]

The conurbation of Pembroke Dock and Pembroke has a combined population of 15,890 and as such is one of the major population centres of West Wales.

Governance[edit]

The community of Pembroke covers an area of 1,187 hectares (4.58 sq mi)[5] and includes the Pembroke St Marys North, St Marys South, St Michael and Monkton wards.[5] The community has its own town council.[6] For 2013/2014, the Mayor is Councillor K Nicholas and the Deputy Lord Mayor is Councillor A Carey.[7] The four wards comprising Pembroke community each elect one councillor to Pembrokeshire County Council.[8] Pembroke was part of the historic county of Pembrokeshire, abolished in 1974, which was reconstituted as a unitary authority when local government in Wales was reorganised in 1996. Between 1974 and 1996, Pembroke was part of the South Pembrokeshire district of Dyfed.

Pembroke is part of the Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire National Assembly for Wales constituency and UK Parliamentary constituency. The local Assembly Member is Angela Burns of the Conservative Party[9] and the local Member of Parliament is Simon Hart, also a Conservative.[10]

Education[edit]

Primary and pre school (ages 3-11) education in Pembroke is served by two state schools. In Pembroke town, Golden Grove CP School is a dual stream school established in 2002 following the amalgamation of Golden Manor Infants School and Grove Junior School.[11] In Monkton, pupils can attend Monkton Priory CP School.

Secondary education is provided by Pembroke School (in Welsh: Ysgol Benfro), a mixed 11–18 comprehensive school of 1,600 pupils with a sixth form of about 200. The school was formed in 1972 as a result of the amalgamation of the former grammar school and secondary modern school. The school takes pupils from the Pembroke family of schools, which as well as Golden Grove and Monkton Priory includes community primary schools in Lamphey, Orielton, Pennar and Pembroke Dock, voluntary controlled primary schools in Angle, Cosheston and Stackpole, and St. Marys Catholic Primary School in Pembroke Dock.[12]

Broadband blackspot[edit]

In February 2012, it was revealed that Pembroke is the UK's second-slowest broadband town.[13] The average internet download speed in Pembroke is just over 1.6 Mbit/s (1600 kbit/s) compared to the UK average of 12.0 Mbit/s (12000 kbit/s). BT's telephone exchange which serves Pembroke and Pembroke Dock is yet to be upgraded to offer either 21CN, FTTC or LLU.

Pembroke, and Pembrokeshire as a whole, has no access cable internet or television services such as those provided by Virgin Media. Mobile 3G coverage in Pembrokeshire is also very limited. Some areas on the outskirts of the town struggle to receive more than 0.5 Mbit/s (512 kbit/s). There are still some areas in and around Pembroke which still have no access to broadband at all. The nearby villages of Lamphey, Castlemartin and Angle have their own telephone exchanges. These provide customers with download speeds of between 6.0 and 8.0 Mbit/s depending on their proximity to the exchange.

Culture and community[edit]

Pembroke 21C community association was founded in 2004, and is based out of the Foundry House building on the Commons, which they operate as a community centre. Activities carried out by 21C include organising the annual Pembroke Festival, running the town's fortnightly farmers market and producing a quarterly newsletter which is distributed to all households in the town. Pembroke Rugby Club organises the town's annual carnival, which is usually held in June. Pembroke library shares a building with the Tourist Information Centre on the Commons Road and offers a full lending service and internet access.

Pembroke is twinned with the towns of Bergen, Lower Saxony, Germany since 1977[14] and Pembroke, Malta since 2002.

Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Pembroke, Pembrokeshire

Besides King Henry VII, notable natives of Pembroke include the composer Daniel Jones, actor Mervyn Johns and John Lawrence from the popular music band Gorky's Zygotic Mynci.

Sport[edit]

Pembroke's main sporting asset is Pembroke Rugby Club located on upper Lamphey road. The ground is called Crickmarren. The club currently plays in WRU Division Five West. Pembroke's main game of the season is often the local derby with rivals the Pembroke Dock Quins. Pembroke has produced famous players such as Ospreys and Welsh international Jonathan Thomas.

Other sporting clubs in the area include the football team Monkton Swifts. Monkton swifts are the leading team in the region having won the league title for the past four seasons. Managed by Richard 'Benno' Jones they pride themselves on playing attractive, free flowing football and with an average age in the early 20's. Skippered by Weaver Callan, (who cites Frankie Donavan as his mentor) most of the team such as Ben Nicholas, Daniel Scourfield, Ben Jones, Shaun Jones, Lee Jones, Ben Goldsmith have grown up playing in the same youth team.

The town is also home to Pembroke Cricket Club. The cricket club plays its home games at its Treleet ground on the Upper Lamphey Road, opposite the Rugby Club. The club currently has a 1st and a 2nd team playing in divisions 2 and 4 of the Pembrokeshire league. The club colours are green and gold.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi[edit]

Pembroke Welsh Corgis (counterparts of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi) originated in Pembroke. Bred with short legs and long body, these dogs were put to use as animal herders. A noticeable difference between the two breeds is that the Pembroke tail is usually docked, while those of Cardigans are mainly left to grow long and bushy.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The A4139 road between Pembroke Dock and Tenby runs through Pembroke, incorporating the Main Street, which operates as a one-way system due to the narrowness of the road. The A4075 road is accessed from the east end of the Main Street and connects Pembroke to the A477 road which is the main route between south Pembrokeshire and west Carmarthenshire.

Rail[edit]

Pembroke railway station on Station Road serves the town of Pembroke. The station is on a branch of the West Wales Line. There is also a two-hourly service from Swansea terminating at Pembroke Dock and also services to Cardiff Central.

Air[edit]

The nearest passenger airport is Cardiff International Airport which is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) away.

WalesPembrokeshire.png
Red Dot.svg

Pembroke shown within Pembrokeshire UA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pembroke Town Guide". Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  2. ^ Charles, B. G., The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, p 671
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1833). A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 2. p. 2N. 
  4. ^ Census data
  5. ^ a b Settlement Populations, Pembrokeshire County Council 2001 Census Retrieved 17 January 2010
  6. ^ "Pembroke Town Council". Pembrokeshire County Council. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  7. ^ "Pembroke Town Guide - The Mayor". Pembroke Town Council. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  8. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council – Find your councillor". Pembrokeshire County Council. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  9. ^ Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire BBC Election - Carmarthen West and Pembrokeshire South
  10. ^ Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire BBC Election - Carmarthen West and Pembrokeshire South
  11. ^ Harries, Jeffrey (2005-04-13). Inspection Report Golden Grove Community Primary School. Estyn. p. 1. 
  12. ^ "Pembrokeshire Schools". Pembrokeshire County Council. 2014-01-15. 
  13. ^ "'Third of UK postcodes' have slow broadband speeds". BBC News. 2012-02-23. 
  14. ^ "Twin town visit to Bergen for Pembroke students". pembroke-today.co.uk (Tindle Newspapers Limited). 2013-06-21. 

External links[edit]