|Elevation||694 m (2,277 ft)|
|Prominence||c. 306 m|
|Listing||Marilyn, Hewitt, Nuttall|
|Translation||Hill on the border (Cumbric)|
|Location||Yorkshire Dales, England|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 98|
Pen-y-ghent or Penyghent is a fell in the Yorkshire Dales. It is one of the Yorkshire Three Peaks, the other two being Ingleborough and Whernside. It lies some 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Horton in Ribblesdale. The Pennine Way links the summit to the village; the route is around 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) in length as the Way curves initially to the north before turning east to reach the summit.
The more direct route that traverses the southern 'nose' of the hill is the route usually taken by those attempting The Yorkshire Three Peaks Challenge, as the walk is usually (but not exclusively) done in an anti-clockwise direction starting and finishing in Horton in Ribblesdale. The other main hillwalking route on the hill heads north from the summit to reach Plover hill before descending to join the bridleway that is Foxup Road.
In the Cumbric language Pen meant 'top' or 'head', but ghent is more obscure. It could be taken to be 'edge' or 'border'. The name Pen-y-ghent could therefore mean 'Hill on the border'. Alternatively, it could mean 'wind' or 'winds' – from the closest Welsh language translation as gwynt. Thus it might mean simply 'Head of the Winds'. It is also acceptable to write it as Pen y ghent rather than Pen-y-ghent.
- (Bibby, p. 120)
- Bibby, Andrew (2008), The Backbone of England, London: Francis Lincoln Limited
- Ekwall, Eilert (1960), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names, 4th ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Computer generated summit panoramas Pen-y-ghent index
- Photos of Pen-y-ghent and surrounding area on geograph.org.uk
- Climb Pen-y-ghent from Horton-in-Ribblesdale