Pen-y-ghent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pen-y-ghent
Pen-y-ghent is located in Yorkshire Dales
Pen-y-ghent
Pen-y-ghent
Location of Pen-y-ghent in the Yorkshire Dales National Park
Elevation 694 m (2,277 ft)
Prominence c. 306 m
Parent peak Whernside
Listing Marilyn, Hewitt, Nuttall
Translation Hill on the border (Cumbric)
Pronunciation /ˈpɛnɨɡɛnt/
Location
Location Yorkshire Dales, England
OS grid SD838733
Coordinates 54°09′19″N 2°14′59″W / 54.15528°N 2.24972°W / 54.15528; -2.24972Coordinates: 54°09′19″N 2°14′59″W / 54.15528°N 2.24972°W / 54.15528; -2.24972
Topo map OS Landranger 98

Pen-y-ghent is a fell in the Yorkshire Dales. It is one of the Yorkshire Three Peaks, the other two being Ingleborough and Whernside. It lies some 3 km east of Horton in Ribblesdale. The Pennine Way links the summit to the village; the route is around 5 km in length as the Way curves initially to the north before turning east to reach the summit.

The more direct route that traverses the southern 'nose' of the hill is the route usually taken by those attempting The Yorkshire Three Peaks Challenge, as the walk is usually (but not exclusively) done in an anti-clockwise direction starting and finishing in Horton in Ribblesdale. The other main hillwalking route on the hill heads north from the summit to reach Plover hill before descending to join the bridleway that is Foxup Road.

In the Cumbric language Pen presumably meant 'top' or 'head', but ghent is more obscure. It could be taken to be 'edge' or 'border'.[1] The name Pen-y-ghent could therefore mean 'Hill on the border'.[2] Alternatively, it could mean 'wind' or 'winds' – from the closest Welsh language translation as gwynt. Thus it might mean simply 'Head of the Winds'. It is also acceptable to write it as Pen y ghent rather than Pen-y-ghent.

View of Pen-y-ghent as seen from the ascent from Horton
As seen from the ascent from Horton
A panoramic image of Pen-y-ghent viewed from the west, on the footpath from Horton in Ribblesdale.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Bibby, p. 120)
  2. ^ (Ekwall)

Bibliography

External links[edit]