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A penalty shot is a play used in several sports whereby a goal is attempted during stop-time. Penalty shots are sometimes grouped into the larger penalty shootout used to decide games in several sports.
In ice hockey, a penalty shot is awarded to a player in a good shooting position denied a chance at a goal by the foul of an opponent. All players are required to leave the ice rink as the player who got fouled faces off solely against the goaltender of the opposite team. The puck is placed at the center of the ice rink as the player has twenty seconds to retrieve the puck and attempt to score a goal against the goaltender. The penalty shot ends as soon as the puck either crosses the goal line, is blocked by the goaltender, stops moving, moves in the opposite direction of the goal line, or if the shooter loses possession of the puck.
Penalty shots are awarded.
A penalty shot or throw is awarded when a defender commits a major foul within the five meter area that prevents a likely goal.
In gridiron football, denying a player a touchdown by committing a foul constitutes a palpably unfair act. A six-point score is automatically awarded, followed by a free extra-point attempt (just as it is after every touchdown).
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