Penang Bridge

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Mes-e36.png

E36 Expressway
Penang Bridge
Route information
Maintained by PLUS Malaysia Berhad with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad
Length: 13.5 km (8.4 mi)
Existed: 1970's – present
History: Opened 14 September 1985
Major junctions
East end: Perai, Seberang Perai
  E1 North–South Expressway Northern Route
3112 Jalan Perusahan Perai
3113 Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway
6 Gelugor Highway
West end: Gelugor, Penang Island
Location
Primary
destinations:
George Town, Bayan Lepas, Perai, Butterworth, Bukit Mertajam, Permatang Pauh, Sungai Dua, Bukit Tengah
Highway system
Penang Bridge
Jambatan Pulau Pinang
檳城-威省大橋
பினாங்கு பாலம்
PenangBridge.jpg
Official name Penang Bridge
Carries Motor vehicles
Crosses South Channel, Malaysia
Locale E36 Penang Bridge
Maintained by PLUS Malaysia Berhad
Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad
Designer Primary
Government of Malaysia
Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM)

Secondary
South Korea Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd
United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM)
Design cable stayed bridge
box girder bridge
Total length 13.5 km
Width --
Longest span 225 m
Constructed by Primary

Package 1
Loh & Loh Construction Co Ltd

Package 2
Maraputra Sdn Bhd

Package 3, 4 and 5
South Korea Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd
Sykt. Pembinaan Hashbuddin (M) Sdn. Bhd. (Joint Venture)
Lim Kar Bee & Sons Sdn. Bhd. (Joint Venture)
United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM)

Package 6 and 7
South Korea Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd
Sykt Pembinaan Rahim & Sons Sdn. Bhd.


Secondary
Howard Needles & Tammen, Bergendoff Intl. Inc. SA/JK(SEA) (Consulting Engineer)
Construction begin 1982
Construction end 1985
Opened 3 August 1985
Inaugurated 14 September 1985

The Penang Bridge (Malay: Jambatan Pulau Pinang) E36 is a dual carriageway toll bridge connects George Town on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the mainland of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula. The bridge is also linked to the North-South Expressway in Prai and Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway in Penang. It was officially opened to traffic on 14 September 1985. The total length of the bridge is 13.5 km (8.4 mi), making it the second longest bridge in Malaysia as and the fifth-longest in Southeast Asia. The bridge was designed by Penang resident, Professor Chin Fung Kee, a well known civil engineer. Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd (PBSB) is the concession holder which manages it but now it is a member company of PLUS Malaysia Berhad (PLUS) with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad (PLUS).

Recently, Penang Bridge was assigned with the route number E36.

Route background[edit]

Routes across Selatan Strait (Penang Strait) as of 2014.

The Kilometre Zero of the expressway starts at Perai Interchange of the Tun Hussein Onn Highway, at its interchange with the North-South Expressway Northern Route E1, the main expressway of the central of Peninsular Malaysia.

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

Before 1985, transportation between the island and the mainland was solely dependent on the state-owned Penang Ferry Service that runs between Butterworth and George Town.

In the early 1970s, the idea to build a bridge linking Seberang Perai to Penang Island was suggested by the 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Abdul Razak and the 2nd Chief Minister of Penang's Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu.

At the end of 1971, the Malaysian government appointed Christiani Nielsen A/S of Denmark to carry out a feasibility study.

In the year 1976, Penang Bridge was planned during the term of 3rd Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Hussein Onn.

In November 1976, Howard Needles Tammen & Bergendorf of USA in association with Jurutera Konsultant (SEA) Sdn. Bhd. of Malaysia was appointed to design and supervise the construction of the bridge.

On 23 July 1981, Works Minister of Malaysia's Dato Seri Samy Vellu announced that Penang Bridge, Penang would be constructed using the cable-stayed concrete girder of the San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge instead of the steel-tied arch in the style of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Construction[edit]

In 1982, the construction of Penang Bridge officially began. The bridge was constructed by the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd from South Korea and the United Engineers Malaysia Berhad. During construction, a two man made island at South Channel was created for the construction of the cable stayed bridge and the Gelugor coastline was reclaimed into cape for the construction of the Gelugor interchange.

Opening[edit]

On 3 August 1985, the Penang Bridge was officially opened by the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad. He drove across the bridge in a red Proton Saga (the national car), carrying the national flag to officiate the opening ceremony. On 14 September 1985, Penang Bridge is officially opened to traffic by the fourth Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) of Penang, Tun Dr. Awang Hassan.

Current developments[edit]

Penang Bridge Widening Project[edit]

When the bridge was originally constructed, the central span had six lanes, while the rest of the bridge had four lanes. There was an ongoing project to have the entire bridge widened to six lanes. Work on the project began on January 2008 and was completed in late 2009.

Penang Bridge Widening Project on YouTube

Design specifications[edit]

Bridge[edit]

Bridge specifications[1][edit]

Night view of Penang Bridge.
Penang Bridge main span viewed from the deck. Note that the pairs of towers across the deck are not connected above deck level, unlike in many other cable-stayed or suspension bridges with 2 planes of cables.
  • Overall Length: 13.5 km (8.4 mi)
  • Length Over Water: 8.4 km (5.2 mi)
  • Penang Island Viaduct & Approach: 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
  • Prai Approach: 3.6 km (2.2 mi)
  • Carriageway: 3 lanes per carriageway
  • Height of Tower Above Water: 101.5 m
  • Height of Bridge Above Water: 33 m
  • Main Span: 225 m
  • End Span: 107.5 m
  • Other Span: 40 m
  • Speed limit: 80 km/h
  • Maximum Gradient: 3.0%

Land expressway[edit]

Tun Hussein Onn Highway[edit]

The Tun Hussein Onn Highway is a highway within the Penang Bridge. It was named after third Prime Minister, Tun Hussein Onn. This original 3 km highway starts from Jalan Siakap junctions at Seberang Jaya until Perai toll plaza. There are two interchange along the highway including Perai Interchange and Penang Bridge-NSE Interchange

Gelugor Complex Interchange[edit]

The Gelugor Complex Interchange is the largest expressway interchange in Malaysia.

Coastline Highway[edit]

The 2 km coastline highway (now part of the Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway) starts from Gelugor Complex Interchange until Jalan Tengku Kudin Interchange.

Features[edit]

The bridge has an emergency layby equipped with SOS phone. Traffic CCTV and Variable Message Sign (VMS) are installed at all locations along the bridge. The bridge has a Tenaga Nasional TNB's 132kV power cable.

Tolls[edit]

Overview[edit]

Since 1985, Penang Bridge has been a tolled bridge. Fees are charged one way, when entering the bridge from the mainland and traveling towards Penang Island. There are no fees imposed for mainland-bound motorists coming from the island. Since 1994, the tolls have been collected by a private concession company, Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd (PBSB), which has become a member company of PLUS Malaysia Berhad with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad.

Toll rates[edit]

Class Type of vehicles Cash
(Rate in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
Touch 'n Go 20% discount
(Rate in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
1 Motorcycles RM 1.40 RM 1.12
2 Motorcycles with sidecars, cars including station wagons and commercial vehicles on three wheels RM 7.00 RM 5.60
3 Lorries and vans with two axles and four wheels RM 12.00 RM 9.60
Buses with two axles and four wheels RM 6.00 RM --.--
4 Lorries, vans and buses with two axles and five or six wheels RM 25.00 RM 20.00
Buses with two axles and five or six wheels RM 12.50 RM --.--
5 Vehicles with three axles RM 45.00 RM 36.00
Buses with three axles RM 22.50 RM --.--
6 Vehicles with four axles RM 60.00 RM 48.00
7 Vehicles with five and more axles RM 75.00 RM 60.00
Note: Touch 'n Go is also available for light vehicles and motorcycles. The Smart TAG lane is for light vehicles only. In order to increase the use of the more efficient electronic payment system, any user with a Touch 'n Go card (and Smart TAG) issued from the Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd office will receive a 20% discount on the Penang Bridge toll.


List of Interchanges[edit]

This is a list of interchanges of Penang Bridge.

Legend:


Tun Hussein Onn Highway side[edit]

State District km Exit Name Destinations Notes
Through to E1 AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Penang Seberang Perai Tengah 0.0 3600 Perai I/C E17 Butterworth Outer Ring Road – Butterworth, Perai
1 Butterworth-Kulim Highway - Bukit Mertajam
BR Railway crossing
0.0 3601A/3601B Penang Bridge I/C E1 AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route – Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, Jawi
3112 Jalan Perusahan Perai - Perai, Perai Industrial Area
0.7 T/P Penang Bridge T/P
BR Penang Bridge Length over water: 8.4 km
Main span: 240 m
km Exit Interchange To Remarks
E1 AH2 NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE

NORTH
Alor Setar
Permatang Pauh
Seberang Jaya
E1 AH2 NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE
E36 AH2 PENANG BRIDGE
(TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY)
E36
0
PERAI INTERCHANGE NORTHWEST
E17 1 BUTTERWORTH OUTER RING ROAD
1 Perai
1 Butterworth

SOUTHEAST
1 BUTTERWORTH-KULIM HIGHWAY
1 Bukit Mertajam
Parcelo cloverleaf interchange
Railway crossing bridge
EXIT 3601A
EXIT 3601B
PENANG BRIDGE INTERCHANGE EXIT 3601A
E1 AH2 NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE

SOUTH
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Bukit Tambun


EXIT 3601B
3112 JALAN PERUSAHAAN PERAI

NORTHWEST
Perai Industrial Area

SOUTHEAST
Juru
EXIT 3601A
Stacked expressway interchange

EXIT 3601B
Cloverleaf interchange
E36 AH2 PENANG BRIDGE
(TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY)
E36 PENANG BRIDGE
U-Turn U-TURN
E36 TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY
Perai
Butterworth

Parking (malaysia).jpg TnG TAG Information centre (malaysia).jpg
Customer Service Centre
Perai toll plaza
(Motorcycle lanes)
T PERAI TOLL PLAZA
(MOTORCYCLE LANES)
(Enter bridge only)
RM (Cash) TnG
West bound
Toll plaza for motorcycles
Motorcycles only
PERAI TOLL PLAZA (PLAZA A)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB

TAG TnG TnG POS RM (Cash)
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only
PERAI TOLL PLAZA (PLAZA B)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB

TAG TnG TnG POS RM (Cash)
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only
P Perai toll plaza
PBSB
Parking (malaysia).jpg TnG TAG Information centre (malaysia).jpg
Customer Service Centre
Enter bridge only
U-Turn U-TURN
E36 PENANG BRIDGE
George Town
Bayan Lepas

Parking (malaysia).jpg TnG TAG Information centre (malaysia).jpg
Customer Service Centre

Bridge side[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
Penang Bridge
Length Over Water: 8.4 kilometres
EXIT 3602A
EXIT 3602B
EXIT 3602C
GELUGOR-PENANG BRIDGE INTERCHANGE EXIT 3602B WEST
6 GELUGOR HIGHWAY
Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM) Regional Office
Jelutong
Gelugor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

3113 TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(BAYAN LEPAS EXPRESSWAY)
EXIT 3602C NORTH
George Town / Weld Quay
Air Itam
Batu Feringgi
Penang Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg

EXIT 3602A SOUTH
Batu Maung
Bayan Lepas Industrial Area
Penang International Airport Airport (malaysia).jpg
Jerejak Island (Jetty)
Stacked expressway interchange

EXIT 3602B Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) interchange side[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
Malaysian Highway Authority Northern Regional Office Malaysian Highway Authority Northern Regional Office
EXIT 3602B
WEST
UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA INTERCHANGE 6 GELUGOR HIGHWAY
NORTH
George Town City Centre
Jelutong
Gelugor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Penang Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg

SOUTH
Balik Pulau
Bayan Lepas
Penang International Airport Airport (malaysia).jpg
Trumpet interchange

EXIT 3602C Jalan Tunku Kudin interchange side[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
Tesco Penang Parking (malaysia).jpg
EXIT 3602C
NORTH
JALAN TUNKU KUDIN INTERCHANGE WEST
P19
Jkr-ft--.png PENANG MIDDLE RING ROAD
JALAN TENGKU KUDIN
Gelugor
Batu Feringgi
Tanjung Bungah
Air Itam
Penang Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg
Interchange from/to Penang Bridge and Bayan Lepas only
E36 PENANG BRIDGE
(3113 TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY)
(BAYAN LEPAS EXPRESSWAY)
PBSB border limit
3113 TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(JELUTONG EXPRESSWAY)
JKR and MPPP border limit
NORTH
3113 TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(JELUTONG EXPRESSWAY)
George Town / Weld Quay
Komtar
Ferry
Sungai Pinang

Interesting facts[edit]

  • Penang Bridge toll plaza (Prai) is the first toll plaza in Malaysia to introduce toll payment by Contactless Smart Card.
  • Penang Bridge toll plaza (Prai) is the first toll plaza in Malaysia with smart card payment for all classes of vehicles.
  • After construction works of Penang Bridge were completed in 1985, Penang Island became the first island in Malaysia to be connected to the mainland through land transport.

Commemorative Events[edit]

The Penang Bridge Commemorative Postage Stamps[edit]

The Commemorative Postage Stamps to mark the opening of the Penang Bridge on 1985 was issued by then the Malaysian Postal Services Department (now Pos Malaysia) on 15 September 1985.[1] The denominations for these stamps were 20 cents, 40 cents, and RM 1.00.

Major events[edit]

Penang Bridge International Marathon[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "bridge details". Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°21′14″N 100°20′47″E / 5.35389°N 100.34639°E / 5.35389; 100.34639