Pencader shown within Carmarthenshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
|UK Parliament||Carmarthen East and Dinefwr|
|Welsh Assembly||Carmarthen East and Dinefwr|
Pencader is a small village in the Welsh county of Carmarthenshire, and is part of the Community and Parish of Llanfihangel-ar-Arth. It is located around 3 miles (5 km) south-east of Llandysul and 6.5 miles (10 km) south-west of Llanybydder.
It is a quiet village set in a west Wales valley with little more than 500 houses two shops and two pubs. Pencader's history goes back a long way. For many years it was one of the main stops on the Carmarthen - Aberystwyth rail route, and was the junction for the service to Newcastle Emlyn. The decline of the railways saw the Newcastle Emlyn branch line closed in 1952 and the main line closed to passengers in 1965.
An old man of Pencader made this declaration to Henry II "This nation, O King, may now, as in former times, be harassed, and in a great measure weakened and destroyed by your and other powers, and it will also prevail by its laudable exertions, but it can never be totally subdued through the wrath of man, unless the wrath of God shall concur. Nor do I think that any other nation than this of Wales, nor any other language, whatever may hereafter come to pass, shall on the day of severe examination before the Supreme Judge, answer for this corner of the earth.", according to Gerald of Wales, who recorded it at the end of his Descriptio Cambriae.
Railway Village (past and present)
From 1845, a scheme was proposed to connect the industrialised Northwest England and Manchester to the deep water port at Milford Haven, to provide an alternative to the congested Port of Liverpool. Given Parliamentary approval in 1865 as a standard gauge railway, the Manchester and Milford Railway junctioned with the C&CR at Pencader, and then drove north to Strata Florida, and onwards to the coast at Aberystwyth. Having constructed and made operational the easy section from Pencader to Aberystwyth, the M&MR ran out of money building the connection from Llanidloes to Strata Florida, leaving the 1.5 miles (2.4 km) stub of the Llangurig branch from the Mid-Wales Railway. After being operated by the Cambrian Railways from the 1890s, the M&MR was absorbed into the GWR in 1911.
Under the Beeching Axe of British Railways, in 1965 passenger services to Pencader ceased, with freight and goods ceasing in 1973. The station has been demolished and the site is now used by as a lorry haulage depot.
- Office for National Statistics, Census 2011, Pencader
- "Town and Community Clerks". Carmarthenshire County Council. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- Adrian Pettifer (2009). "Pencader Castle". Welsh Castles. castlewales.com. Retrieved 10 June 2010.