Pendle

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For the hill named "Pendle", see Pendle Hill.

Coordinates: 53°52′08″N 2°09′50″W / 53.869°N 2.164°W / 53.869; -2.164

Borough of Pendle
Borough
Shown within Lancashire and England
Shown within Lancashire and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Lancashire
Admin. HQ Nelson
Government
 • Type Pendle Borough Council
 • Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive: TBA (council NOC)
 • MPs: Andrew Stephenson
Area
 • Total 65.4 sq mi (169.4 km2)
Area rank 178th
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 89,600
 • Rank Ranked 262nd
 • Density 1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
ONS code 30UJ (ONS)
E07000122 (GSS)
Ethnicity 84.3% White
82.8% White British
0.9% White Other
0.6% White Irish
14.1% S.Asian
13.1% Pakistani
0.4% Indian
0.4% Other S.Asian
0.2% Bangladeshi
0.9% Mixed Race
0.5% Asian & White
0.2% Black Caribbean & White
0.2% Other Mixed
0.1% Black African & White
0.4% E.Asian and Other
0.2% Chinese
0.1% Other E.Asian
0.1% Other
0.3% Black
0.2% Black African
0.1% Black Caribbean
0.0% Other Black
Website pendle.gov.uk

Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England. It adjoins the Lancashire boroughs of Burnley and Ribble Valley, the North Yorkshire district of Craven and the West Yorkshire districts of Calderdale and the City of Bradford. It has a total population of about 100,000 people, and is represented in Parliament by Andrew Stephenson, Conservative.

Early history[edit]

Further information: Forest of Pendle

The name of the modern district derives from, and still refers to older terms used to describe the area, and these derive in turn from the prominent landmark of the area, Pendle Hill, as well the royal forest which spread to the east of the hill, still referred to as Pendle Forest. The name Pendle comes from the Cumbric word 'Pen' meaning hill (or head), a reference to Pendle Hill.

The ancient lordship of Pendle Forest has been under the Honour of Clitheroe since medieval times, and a title continues to be held by a modern version, the Barons Clitheroe.

Witch trials[edit]

The area is closely associated with the trials of the Pendle witches, among the most famous such trials in English history.

Creation of the modern district[edit]

The current district with this name was created in 1974 as a result of local government reorganisation from the former Municipal Boroughs of Nelson and Colne, the former urban districts of Barnoldswick, Barrowford, Brierfield, Earby and Trawden, and from parts of Burnley Rural District and Skipton Rural District.

The Barnoldswick, Earby and Skipton parts are historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire. They are today referred to collectively as West Craven.

Neighbouring districts[edit]

Politics[edit]

Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 49 seats on the council being elected at each election. Since the Liberal Democrats lost overall control of the council at the 2008 election, no party has had a majority on the council. As of the 2014 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-[1]

Party Councillors
  Conservative Party 19
  Labour Party 18
  Liberal Democrats 11
  British National Party 1

Modern economy[edit]

The three main employers in the borough are Rolls-Royce plc, Silentnight and the Daisy Group.

Places in Pendle[edit]

Contemporary civil parish Medieval jurisdiction Medieval jurisdiction Early modern jurisdiction
Barley Pendle Forest, manor of Ightenhill Forest of Blackburnshire Whalley, Lancashire: once a much larger parish than today.
It encompassed a large part of eastern Lancashire.
It included areas outside of Pendle.
Barrowford
Blacko
Fence
Newchurch in Pendle
Reedley
Roughlee
Higham
Wheatley Lane
Trawden Trawden Forest, manor of Colne
Cottontree and Winewall
Wycoller
Nelson manor of Ightenhill, not in Forest Blackburnshire, not in Forest
Brierfield
Colne manor of Colne, not in Forest
Foulridge
Laneshaw Bridge
Barnoldswick Now referred to as "West Craven".
This is a part of Lancashire, which was once in the neighbouring West Riding of Yorkshire.
(Within the Wapentake of Staincliffe, Deanery of Craven.)
Bracewell and Brogden
Earby
Kelbrook
Salterforth
Sough

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pendle". BBC News Online. Retrieved 9 June 2014.