Pendleton County, Kentucky

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Pendleton County, Kentucky
Pendleton County, Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Pendleton County courthouse in Falmouth, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Pendleton County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for Edmund Pendleton
Seat Falmouth
Largest city Falmouth
Area
 • Total 281.87 sq mi (730 km2)
 • Land 280.54 sq mi (727 km2)
 • Water 1.33 sq mi (3 km2), 0.47%
Population
 • (2010) 14,877
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website pendletoncounty.ky.gov

Pendleton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,877.[1] Its county seat is Falmouth.[2] The county was founded December 31, 1798,[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 281.87 square miles (730.0 km2), of which 280.54 square miles (726.6 km2) (or 99.53%) is land and 1.33 square miles (3.4 km2) (or 0.47%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Pendleton County was created from parts of Campbell and Bracken counties in 1798.[5] The county was named after Edmund Pendleton, a longtime member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the Continental Congress and chief justice of Virginia.[6][7]

Falmouth, the future county seat, began as a settlement called Forks of Licking, circa 1776.[8] It was the site of the Battle of Blue Licks during the Revolutionary War. Native Americans who were helping the British ambushed Kentuckians on August 19, 1782 on the Licking River. In a matter of fifteen minutes, 60 were killed.[9]

Falmouth was chartered in 1793. Its name originated from the Virginians who settled there from Falmouth, Virginia.[10] It was also in 1793 that one of the first sawmills in Kentucky was built in Falmouth.[11] Falmouth was designated the county seat in 1799.[12] The county courthouse was erected in 1848.[13]

During the American Civil War, the county sent men to both armies. A Union Army recruiting camp was established in Falmouth in September 1861. Two Confederate recruiters were captured and executed by the Union Army in the Peach Grove area of northern Pendleton County. In July 1862, a number of county citizens were rounded up by Union troops during a crackdown against suspected Confederate sympathizers. In June 1863, a number of women were arrested at Demossville because they were believed to be potential spies dangerous to the Federal government. Falmouth was the site of a small skirmish on September 18, 1862, between twenty-eight Confederates and eleven Home Guardsmen.

The city of Butler was established circa 1852 when the Kentucky Central Railroad was built through the area. The city was named for William O. Butler, U.S. congressman from the area, when it was incorporated on February 1, 1868.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,613
1810 3,061 89.8%
1820 3,086 0.8%
1830 3,863 25.2%
1840 4,455 15.3%
1850 6,774 52.1%
1860 10,443 54.2%
1870 14,030 34.3%
1880 16,702 19.0%
1890 16,346 −2.1%
1900 14,947 −8.6%
1910 11,985 −19.8%
1920 11,719 −2.2%
1930 10,876 −7.2%
1940 10,392 −4.5%
1950 9,610 −7.5%
1960 9,968 3.7%
1970 9,949 −0.2%
1980 10,989 10.5%
1990 12,036 9.5%
2000 14,390 19.6%
2010 14,877 3.4%
Est. 2012 14,604 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 14,390 people, 5,170 households, and 3,970 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 per square mile (20 /km2). There were 5,756 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (7.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.39% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,170 households out of which 39.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,125, and the median income for a family was $42,589. Males had a median income of $31,885 versus $23,234 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,551. About 9.80% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Pendleton County High School, just north of Falmouth, is the public high school. It currently is home to fewer than 1,000 students. The mascot for PCHS is the wildcat, and the school colors are red, black and white. The school features two gyms and a 450-seat auditorium.

Other schools in the county are Sharp Middle School, named for Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1993) and National Medal of Science (2004), located between Falmouth and Butler, Northern Elementary in Butler, and Southern Elementary in Falmouth.

Library[edit]

Pendleton County Public Library is located at 801 Robbins Avenue, Falmouth. The library provides public access computers with high speed internet and free wifi. The library also offers copying, a fax service, and a public meeting room that can be reserved.

Theatre[edit]

Pendleton County is home to Kincaid Regional Theatre. Its performances take place at the Falmouth School Center (Old Middle School) in Falmouth.

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/p/PENDL01.html
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  6. ^ "Neighborhood History: Pendleton County," Pendleton.com Neighborhood, [1]
  7. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36. 
  8. ^ "Place Names of Pendleton County: Falmouth," Northern Kentucky Views: a broad collection of images and texts on the history of Northern Kentucky, http://www.nkyviews.com/pendleton/text/text_place_names.htm, Original source E. E. Barton, typescript, 1941; Paul T. Hellmann, Historical Gazetteer of the United States (New York: Routledge, 2005): 248.
  9. ^ Hellmann, 248.
  10. ^ Lewis Collins, Historical Sketches of Kentucky, (Maysville, KY: Lewis Collins, 1848): 494.
  11. ^ Hellmann, 248.
  12. ^ "Find A County," National Association of Counties (NACo), http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/NACo_FindACounty.aspx.
  13. ^ Hellmann, 248.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°41′N 84°22′W / 38.69°N 84.36°W / 38.69; -84.36