Pendleton County, West Virginia
|Pendleton County, West Virginia|
Pendleton County Courthouse
Location in the state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 4, 1787|
|• Total||698 sq mi (1,808 km2)|
|• Land||698 sq mi (1,808 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2), 0.04%|
|• Density||13/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Pendleton County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was estimated at 7,566 for 2012. Its county seat is Franklin. It was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1787 which became effective in 1788 from parts of Augusta, Hardy, and Rockingham Counties and was named for Edmund Pendleton (1721–1803), a distinguished Virginia statesman and jurist. Pendleton County was strongly pro-Confederate during the American Civil War, however there were pockets of Union support.
Spruce Knob, located in Pendleton County, is the highest point in the state and in the Alleghenies, its elevation being 4,863 feet. Parts of the Monongahela and George Washington National Forests are also located in Pendleton.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Cities and towns
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|This section requires expansion. (November 2010)|
In an April 1758 surprise raid of Fort Seybert and nearby Fort Upper Tract occasioned by the French and Indian War (1754–63), most of the 60 white settlers sheltering there were massacred by Shawnee and Delaware warriors and the forts were burned.
Pendleton County was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1787 from parts of Augusta, Hardy, and Rockingham Counties and was named for Edmund Pendleton, a distinguished Virginia statesman and jurist. Pendleton County was strongly pro-Confederate during the American Civil War, although small enclaves such as the Smoke Hole community were staunchly Unionist. In 1863, the county was included by the federal government in the new state of West Virginia against most inhabitants' wishes.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 698 square miles (1,808 km²), of which 698 square miles (1,807 km²) is land and 0 square miles (1 km²) (0.04%) is water.
Pendleton County, West Virginia
- Grant County (north)
- Hardy County (northeast)
- Rockingham County, Virginia (east)
- Augusta County, Virginia and Highland County, Virginia (south)
- Pocahontas County (southwest)
- Randolph County (west)
||Grant County||Hardy County|
|Randolph County||Rockingham County, Virginia|
|Pocahontas County||Highland County, Virginia and Augusta County, Virginia|
National protected areas
- George Washington National Forest (part)
- Monongahela National Forest (part)
- Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area (part)
- United States National Radio Quiet Zone (part)
National Natural Landmarks
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,196 people, 3,350 households, and 2,355 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 5,102 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.34% White, 2.12% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,350 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,429, and the median income for a family was $34,860. Males had a median income of $25,342 versus $16,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,805. About 8.00% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.
Sites on the National Register of Historic Places
|Bowers House||late 19th century||Brandywine-Sugar Grove Road||Sugar Grove||1985|
|Circleville School||1930s||WV 28||Circleville||1995|
|Cunningham-Hevener House||late 19th century||US 220||Upper Tract||1985|
|Franklin Historic District||19th-20th centuries||US 33, Main Street, South Branch Potomac River, & High Street||Franklin||1986|
|McCoy House||1848||Main Street||Franklin||1982|
|McCoy Mill||early 19th century||Johnstown Road||Franklin||1986|
|Old Judy Church (Old Log Church)||early 19th century||US 220||near Petersburg||1976|
|Old Probst Church||late 18th century||CR 21/9||Brandywine||1986|
|Pendleton County Poor Farm||early 20th century||US 220||Upper Tract||1986|
|Priest Mill||early 20th century||Off US 220, near Low-Water Bridge||Franklin||2000|
|Sites Homestead (Wayside Inn)||early 19th century||Seneca Rocks Visitor Center||Seneca Rocks||1993|
Cities and towns
Incorporated towns & cities
Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Pendleton County. A complete listing is available here
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Pendleton County, West Virginia
- Pendleton County Schools
- Thorn Creek Wildlife Management Area
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Pendleton County History, Dr. Robert Jay Dilger, Director, Institute for Public Affairs and Professor of Political Science, West Virginia University. http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/Pendleton/penhistory.html
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- Guide to Pendleton County
- Pendleton County Chamber of Commerce
- Pendleton County Economic & Community Development Authority
- Pendleton County Schools
- Visit Pendleton County