Closworth

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Coordinates: 50°53′32″N 2°37′11″W / 50.8923°N 2.6198°W / 50.8923; -2.6198

Closworth
Stone building with square tower
Church of All Saints, Closworth
Closworth is located in Somerset
Closworth
Closworth
 Closworth shown within Somerset
Population 220 [1]
OS grid reference ST565105
District South Somerset
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Yeovil
Postcode district BA22
Dialling code 01935
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Yeovil
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Closworth is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated five miles south of Yeovil in the South Somerset district, on the border with Dorset. The village has a population of 220.[1]

The parish includes the villages of Pendomer and Sutton Bingham, the location for Sutton Bingham Manor, Sutton Bingham Sailing Club (SBSC) and Sutton Bingham and District Canoe Club (SBDCC). It sits on a reservoir of the same name owned by Wessex Water. It has an approximate population of 25.

History[edit]

The village was named Clovesuurda meaning "homestead above the valley" in the Domesday Book of 1086, when it was the property of Robert, Count of Mortain. His son gave it to the newly formed priory at Montacute in 1102. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries the estate was bought by the Portmans of Orchard Portman who retained it into the 20th century.[2]

The parish was part of the hundred of Houndsborough.[3]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Yeovil Rural District.[4] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Yeovil county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

The geology of the area is Cornbrash, the name applied to the uppermost member of the Bathonian stage of the Jurassic formation. The name was adopted by William Smith for a thin band of shelly limestone which, in the south of England, breaks up in the manner indicated. The Cornbrash is a very fossiliferous formation; the fauna indicates a transition from the Lower to the Middle Oolites, though it is probably more nearly related to that of the beds above than to those below.

Churches[edit]

The Church of All Saints in Closworth village has 13th-century origins and is designated as a Grade II* listed building.[5]

The Norman Church of All Saints in Sutton Bingham dates from the 12th and 13th centuries and has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[6]

The Church of Saint Roch in Pendomer is 14th-century.[7]

Bellfounders[edit]

For nearly 200 years Closworth had a bell-foundry. Master bell-founders at Closworth included William Purdue I (active 1572-84), Thomas Purdue (active 1647-1691), Thomas Knight (active 1692-1714), William Knight (active 1709-47), William Elery (active 1732-57), Thomas Roskelly (active 1750-68), Richard Rock (active 1753-67) and James Smith (active 1762-67).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. p. 68. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Yeovil RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Church of All Saints". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  6. ^ "Church of All Saints". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "Church of Saint Roch". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 December 2008. 
  8. ^ "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Closworth at Wikimedia Commons