Penelope "Penny" Eckert is a professor of linguistics at Stanford University in Stanford, California, where she holds the position of Albert Ray Lang Professor of Linguistics. She is a prominent scholar of variationist sociolinguistics, and is the author of several scholarly works on language and gender.
Eckert received her PhD in linguistics in 1978 from Columbia University, where she was a student of William Labov. Her early work was on phonological variation in Gascon. Her more recent work focuses on the social meaning of linguistic variables, particularly in English. She is the author or co-author of three books on sociolinguistics, the co-editor of three collections, and author of numerous scholarly papers in the field.
She was elected as Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011 
She was inducted as a Fellow of the Linguistic Society of America in 2012.
- Eckert, Penelope (1989). Jocks and Burnouts: Social Identity in the High School. New York: Teachers College Press.
- Eckert, Penelope (2000). Linguistic Variation as Social Practice. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Eckert, Penelope; McConnell-Ginet, Sally (2003). Language and Gender. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Eckert, Penelope; Rickford, John, eds. (2001). Style and Sociolinguistic Variation. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-59789-7.
- Penelope Eckert's web page, Stanford University
- Linguistics on the Playground; National Public Radio's Michelle Norris interviews Eckert about Northern California youth speech
- Do You Speak American? California English
- "Stanford Linguistics Faculty and Researchers". Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- "Penelope Eckert". Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
- "Faculty and researchers". Stanford Linguistics. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
- Eckert, Penelope (1980). "The structure of a long-term phonological process: The back vowel chain shift in Soulatan Gascon". In William Labov. Locating Language in Time and Space. New York: Academic Press.
- "List of Active Members by Class".
- "LSA Fellows by Year of Induction". Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Stegen, Oliver. "Review of Style and sociolinguistic variation, Edited by Penelope Eckert and John R. Rickford". Retrieved 2011-11-23.