Peninsula Point Light
Peninsula Point Lighthouse
|Year first constructed||1865|
|Year first lit||1866|
|Tower shape||Square, decagonal lantern|
|Markings / pattern||Natural yellow with Black Parapet and Lantern|
|Height||40 feet (12 m)|
|Focal height||40 feet (12 m)|
|Original lens||Oil lamp, 4th order Fresnel lens|
|Range||10 nautical miles; 19 kilometres (12 mi)|
|Characteristic||white flash every 30 seconds.|
Peninsula Point Lighthouse
U.S. Coast Guard Archive Photo
|Nearest city||Escanaba, Michigan|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Governing body||United States Forest Service|
|NRHP Reference #||75000941|
|Added to NRHP||April 28, 1975|
The Peninsula Point lighthouse is located at the southern tip of the Stonington Peninsula in Bay de Noc township in Delta County, Michigan. United States Coast Guard historical documents have over the years listed the name of the site as both Peninsula Point and Point Peninsula.
The Stonington Peninsula juts into Lake Michigan from the southern coast of Michigan's Upper Peninsula at a key point along the shipping lanes to and from the docks of Escanaba and Gladstone, as a hazardous shoal extends more than 2 miles (3.2 km) out into the lake, posing a hazard to shipping. Thus the light had two purposes: (1) it marked a turning point; and (2) it warned mariners away from the rocks and shallows. Danger was inherent in the confluence of reefs and the shipping channels, through which fish, iron ore, lumber,along with other products were transported. "The U.S. Government recognized the need for a lighthouse on the peninsula to aid navigation around these dangerous shoals and reefs separating Big Bay de Noc, Little Bay de Noc, and Green Bay of Lake Michigan."
Although Congress voted funds to build the lighthouse founded in 1856. On July 20, 1864, funds were again appropriated for the building of a lighthouse on the Stonington Peninsula on July 20, 1864. It was not built until 1865 (following the United States Civil War. It maintained as an active aid to navigation until 1934.
Point Peninsula Light's first keeper was Mr. Charles Beggs, who died there in 1887. The second keeper was Mr. Henry Corgan. Mr. Peter Knutsen was third. In 1889 Captain James D. Armstrong was appointed keeper and this was home to him and his family until 1922.
In 1922, by the United States Lighthouse Service installed an automatic acetylene light to replace the hand operated oil lamp. Thus, it was no longer necessary to occupy the site since the light was automated. Captain Armstrong continued to be responsible for Peninsula Point until 1931.
Thereafter, the Fourth Order lens was removed from the lantern and replaced by a 12-inch (300 mm) lens equipped with a 300 candlepower acetylene flasher Dalén light and sun valve. Upon this installation, the light's characteristic was changed to repeated 1-second flash followed by a nine-second eclipse, exhibited initially on the evening of May 20, 1922.
When the Minneapolis Shoal Light Station went into service. this light was decommissioned and abandoned in 1936. Its tower is open for visitors to climb into the cast iron lantern room at the top of a cast iron spiral staircase. The attached lighthouse keeper's residence burnt in 1959, after it had been restored by the Stonington, Michigan Grange.
In 1937, the USDA-Forest Service "was granted custodianship." The building was repaired and public picnic grounds were constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The Stonington Grange took over maintenance of the structure and grounds. In 1949 the Grange won first prize in their State contest for their work at the lighthouse.
The house portion burned to the ground in 1959. Debris was cleared and damage to the north side of the tower repaired in 1962 by the USDA Forest Service.
Bird and butterfly migrations
The Stonington Peninsula plays a crucial role in the migration of the Monarch butterfly, which gathers there in September before migrating across Lake Michigan to Door County, Wisconsin. In the fall, thousands of monarch butterflies converge on the area to rest before their migration across Green Bay. It has been called the Point Pelee of the Upper Peninsula, and is an important bird area. The location is also an important location for migratory birds, and has been deemed to be a successful effort by the Hiawatha National Forest.
The light tower is located at the end of County Road 513 from US 2, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Rapid River, Michigan. The road that "progressively gets narrower and rougher, but the climb up the spiral staircase and the view from the ten-sided tower (which is open to the public), and "is worth the trip." The view is said to be "spectacular" so "Be sure to bring you camera." The road's last mile is "not recommended for recreational vehicles or trailers over 16 feet (4.9 m) long or 8 feet (2.4 m) high." A parking area for RV's is available at the beginning of the narrowing road.
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