Penn, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates: 51°37′59″N 0°40′52″W / 51.633°N 0.681°W / 51.633; -0.681

Penn
Penn Street Church.JPG
Holy Trinity parish church, Penn Street
Penn is located in Buckinghamshire
Penn
Penn
 Penn shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 3,961 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SU912935
District Chiltern
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town High Wycombe
Postcode district HP10
Dialling code 01494
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Chesham & Amersham
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Penn is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern district in Buckinghamshire, England, about 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of Beaconsfield and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of High Wycombe. The parish, containing Penn village and the hamlets of Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green, plus Winchmore Hill covers an area of 3,991 acres.[2]

History[edit]

The parish name is originally Brythonic and means simply hill: Penn village stands on a particular promontory of the Chiltern Hills, and from the tower of the Holy Trinity Church in the village it is supposedly possible to see into not less than eight other counties. There is also a beacon hill with a signal post on it in the village boundary.

Segraves Manor, the principal manor in Penn, historically belonged to the Penn family. Sybil Penn, wife of David, was dry nurse and foster mother to King Edward VI and Lady of the Bed Chamber to his sister Queen Elizabeth I. William Penn (after whose father, Admiral Sir William Penn, Pennsylvania is named) erroneously believed himself to be a descendant of this family. However in 1735 the manor passed from the unmarried Roger Penn to his only heir and sister, who was married to Lord Curzon. Penbury Grove House was built in 1902 by the American engineer Horace Field Parshall to be a replica of Pennsbury Manor, William Penn’s house in Pennsylvania.

Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green[edit]

Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green are hamlets of the parish and lie within about a mile radius from the main village. Penn Street remains home to Earl Howe of the Penn-Curzon-Howe dynasty and the family's long historic influence on the village is evident all around Penn Street church. The churchyard contains a number of items from Gopsall, Lord Howe's other country house in Leicestershire. The Lych gate and Countess Howe memorial was moved from Congerstone 1919 when the family sold the Gopsall Estate. Penn Street and Knotty Green have large village commons, where cricket is played in summer by Penn Street Cricket Club and Knotty Green Cricket Club. Refreshments are served in The Squirrel in Penn Street and The Red Lion in Knotty Green, pubs facing the respective commons.

Among the many country pubs in the parish is the Royal Standard of England in Forty Green.

Penn today[edit]

The area is a beautiful part of the Chiltern Hills, and is popular with people who work in London, due to its proximity to road (Junction 3 of the M40 motorway at Loudwater) and rail (Mainline rail at Beaconsfield and London Underground at Amersham) links into the city.

The novelist Elizabeth Taylor died in Penn in 1975. Medical pioneers Dr. Louisa Garrett Anderson and Dr. Flora Murray, the children's writer, Alison Uttley, author of Little Grey Rabbit are buried in the grounds of the Holy Trinity Church. In 1983, Penn became the burial place of the British spy Donald Maclean. Ernest Saunders, one of the Guinness Four, was also a resident. The actor and singer Stanley Holloway, lived in Penn with his wife and son for many years during the 1950s and 1960s.[3] Violinist Peter Tanfield was born there. Chef and television personality Mary Berry also lives in Penn. The philosopher Professor Sir Karl Popper lived in Manor Road for many years. Gabby Logan the TV presenter and her husband Kenny, a former Scotland rugby union international, also live in the village. Fern Britten also lives nearby.

The Cottage Bookshop in Penn has been used as one of the filming locations for the A Tale of Two Hamlets episode of the ITV television program Midsomer Murders. It was also used to film an episode called "Bookshop Chuckles" of the children's television show ChuckleVision. The tree acre set for Nanny McPhee was also constructed there.

Penn has a non-League football club Penn & Tylers Green F.C. which plays at Elm Road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 2 February 2013
  2. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42552
  3. ^ Holloway, Stanley; Richards, Dick (1967). Wiv a little bit o’ luck: The life story of Stanley Holloway. London: Frewin. ASIN B0000CNLM5. OCLC 3647363.  page 322

External links[edit]