Holy Trinity parish church, Penn Street
Penn shown within Buckinghamshire
|Population||3,961 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||High Wycombe|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Chesham & Amersham|
Penn is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern district in Buckinghamshire, England, about 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of Beaconsfield and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of High Wycombe. The parish, containing Penn village and the hamlets of Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green, plus Winchmore Hill covers an area of 3,991 acres.
The parish name is originally Brythonic and means simply hill: Penn village stands on a particular promontory of the Chiltern Hills, and from the tower of the Holy Trinity Church in the village it is supposedly possible to see into not less than eight other counties. There is also a beacon hill with a signal post on it in the village boundary.
Segraves Manor, the principal manor in Penn, historically belonged to the Penn family. Sybil Penn, wife of David, was dry nurse and foster mother to King Edward VI and Lady of the Bed Chamber to his sister Queen Elizabeth I. William Penn (after whose father, Admiral Sir William Penn, Pennsylvania is named) erroneously believed himself to be a descendant of this family. However in 1735 the manor passed from the unmarried Roger Penn to his only heir and sister, who was married to Lord Curzon. Penbury Grove House was built in 1902 by the American engineer Horace Field Parshall to be a replica of Pennsbury Manor, William Penn’s house in Pennsylvania.
Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green
Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green are hamlets of the parish and lie within about a mile radius from the main village. Penn Street remains home to Earl Howe of the Penn-Curzon-Howe dynasty and the family's long historic influence on the village is evident all around Penn Street church. The churchyard contains a number of items from Gopsall, Lord Howe's other country house in Leicestershire. The Lych gate and Countess Howe memorial was moved from Congerstone 1919 when the family sold the Gopsall Estate. Penn Street and Knotty Green have large village commons, where cricket is played in summer by Penn Street Cricket Club and Knotty Green Cricket Club. Refreshments are served in The Squirrel in Penn Street and The Red Lion in Knotty Green, pubs facing the respective commons.
Among the many country pubs in the parish is the Royal Standard of England in Forty Green.
The area is a beautiful part of the Chiltern Hills, and is popular with people who work in London, due to its proximity to road (Junction 3 of the M40 motorway at Loudwater) and rail (Mainline rail at Beaconsfield and London Underground at Amersham) links into the city.
The novelist Elizabeth Taylor died in Penn in 1975. Medical pioneers Dr. Louisa Garrett Anderson and Dr. Flora Murray are buried in the grounds of the Holy Trinity Church. In 1983, Penn became the burial place of the British spy Donald Maclean. Ernest Saunders, one of the Guinness Four, was also a resident. The actor and singer Stanley Holloway, lived in Penn with his wife and son for many years during the 1950s and 1960s. Violinist Peter Tanfield was born there. Chef and television personality Mary Berry also lives in Penn. The philosopher Professor Sir Karl Popper lived in Manor Road for many years. Gabby Logan the TV presenter and her husband Kenny, a former Scotland rugby union international, also live in the village. Fern Britten also lives nearby.
The Cottage Bookshop in Penn has been used as one of the filming locations for the A Tale of Two Hamlets episode of the ITV television program Midsomer Murders. It was also used to film an episode called "Bookshop Chuckles" of the children's television show ChuckleVision. The tree acre set for Nanny McPhee was also constructed there.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Penn, Buckinghamshire.|
- Penn and Tyler's Green Community and Village website - run by the Penn & Tylers Green Residents' Society - this site contains news, events, photos and a village map and articles.
- Penn and Tyler's Green Independent Village website
- Penn Street website
- Knotty Green website
- Royal Standard of England, Forty Green website
- Penn and Tylers Green FC
- Penn & Tylers Green Cricket Club
- Penn Street Cricket Club
- Knotty Green Cricket Club
- 871 (Penn) Squadron Air Training Corps Website - Air Cadets