Penne, Tarn

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Penne
Coat of arms of Penne
Coat of arms
Penne is located in France
Penne
Penne
Coordinates: 44°04′41″N 1°43′52″E / 44.0781°N 1.7311°E / 44.0781; 1.7311Coordinates: 44°04′41″N 1°43′52″E / 44.0781°N 1.7311°E / 44.0781; 1.7311
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Albi
Canton Vaour
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Luc Kretz
Area
 • Land1 64.04 km2 (24.73 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 557
 • Population2 density 8.7/km2 (23/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81206 / 81140
Elevation 93–489 m (305–1,604 ft)
(avg. 114 m or 374 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Penne (Occitan: Pena, meaning (large) feather) is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France.

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

Pearl necklace bronze Penne (Tarn) - Muséum de Toulouse

The first traces of activity date back to the Bronze Age. In the middle of the 19th century, Jean-Baptiste Noulet explored a cave called Le Cuzoul d'Armand, and discovered several artifacts, including a bronze pearl necklace.

Middle-Age[edit]

Penne and its castle

The ancient village of Penne d’Albigeois is built on a mountain spur dominated by the ruins of a 12th-century fortress, hence its nickname, the “Vertigo Citadel”, or the “Impregnable”. This remarkable site, over the Aveyron, was highly strategic in the Middle-Age, though the fortress itself was relatively spared by the Albigensian Crusade.

Mentions of the castle of Penne can be found as early as the 11th century, when the local Lady was known to be an Albigensian, but the main towers date back to the 13th and 14th century. Remains include the dungeon, ramparts and a chapel.


See also[edit]

References[edit]