Pennington, Hampshire

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Pennington
Pennington, The Square - geograph.org.uk - 516062.jpg
Pennington, The Square
Pennington is located in Hampshire
Pennington
Pennington
 Pennington shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SZ313945
District New Forest
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LYMINGTON
Postcode district SO41
Dialling code 01590
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament New Forest West
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°44′58″N 1°33′23″W / 50.7495°N 1.5564°W / 50.7495; -1.5564

Pennington is a village in Hampshire, England. It is situated near the town of Lymington, and is in the civil parish of Lymington and Pennington. The settlement is located in the southern part of the New Forest, near the shore of the Solent.

Overview[edit]

There are a number of shops, including a Tesco Express, One Stop Convenience Store with Post Office, a fish and chip shop, bakery, butchers, pharmacy, charity shop and a hairdresser. There are four public houses — The Wheel Inn, The Musketeers, the White Hart and the Chequers. There are three large schools, Pennington Infants and Junior, Priestlands School and a leisure centre.

History[edit]

Pennington is now mainly a residential suburb of Lymington, but it was for centuries a separate manor.[1] The manor is recorded as Penyton in the 12th century, and Penington in 1272.[2] The origin of the name is not known, but it might mean "Penny Farm".[2] The manor of Pennington was held in the 13th century by the de Clares, whose descendants continued to be overlords till it passed to the Crown following the execution of the Earl of Salisbury in 1499.[3] At the beginning of the 14th century, John de Acton, who held the manor for a knight's fee from the de Clares, split the estate into three parts, conveying two of the parts to John Neyrnoit or Nervett, and keeping one for himself.[3] John Nervett soon re-granted one of the parts back to John de Acton, but henceforth, the estate was generally divided into thirds.[3] That which John Nervett owned became known, from the 16th century onwards, as the manor of Pennington Narvett.[3]

Two mediaeval mills at Efford and Gordleston still exist as places and names.[1] There was also a chantry chapel at Pennington, the earliest known record of which dates from 1285.[3] The advowson of the chapel seems to have belonged to the three lords of Pennington, and the chapel was dedicated to Mary Magdalene.[3] The last-mentioned record of the chapel shows that it survived the confiscations of 1547–8.[3] The first parish church in Pennington, dedicated to Saint Mark, was erected in 1839.[3][4] The church was replaced with the current building around 1858-60.[5][6][7]

A Milford and Pennington Parish Council was created in 1894 and a separate Pennington Parish Council in 1911.[1] However, in 1932, Pennington was absorbed by Lymington Borough, and it is now part of Lymington and Pennington Town Council.[1][8]

With the establishment of the New Forest National Park Authority in March 2005, much of Pennington (all of Pennington Common) falls under the planning and land control of the Authority.[9]

Pennington marshes[edit]

To the south of Pennington lie Pennington marshes, an area of marsh and tidal muds, formerly used as salterns for the local salt industry.[10] These are a favourite area for local birdwatchers and many different types of bird have been spotted here.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 167 - Lymington and Pennington
  2. ^ a b Pennington, Old Hampshire Gazetteer
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Victoria County History, (1912), A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 5, Pages 115-124
  4. ^ Post Office Directory of Hampshire, Wiltshire, and Dorsetshire, (1855), page 84
  5. ^ "The Parish church has been here since 1858" - St Mark's Church, Pennington
  6. ^ "The Church (St. Mark) was built in 1859" - William White, (1878), History, gazetteer and directory of the county of Hampshire, page 364
  7. ^ "St. Marks Church, Pennington parish church, was built in 1860" - Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 167 - Lymington and Pennington
  8. ^ Lymington and Pennington Town Council. "Council Web Page". Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  9. ^ New Forest National Park Authority. "NPA Wb Site". 
  10. ^ Hampshire Treasures, Volume 5 (New Forest), Page 172 - Lymington and Pennington

External links[edit]