Pennsylvania College Cases

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Trustees of Jefferson College in Canonsburg v. Washington and Jefferson College
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Full case name Trustees of Jefferson College in Canonsburg v. Washington and Jefferson College
Citations 80 U.S. 190 (more)
80 U.S. 190; 20 L. Ed. 550; 1871 U.S. LEXIS 1330; 13 Wall. 190
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Nathan Clifford

The Pennsylvania College Cases, also known as Trustees of Jefferson College in Canonsburg v. Washington and Jefferson College, was a United States Supreme Court case that was decided in 1871.[1] Justice Nathan Clifford wrote the opinion, ruling in favor of Washington & Jefferson College.[1]

In 1865, two colleges in Washington County, Pennsylvania, Jefferson College in Canonsburg and Washington College in Washington merged to form Washington & Jefferson College, which maintained two campuses, one in each of the towns.[2]

That arrangement failed, and in 1869, the trustees voted to consolidate the two campuses in Washington.[3]

Shortly thereafter, a number of Canonsburg residents and dissident trustees of Jefferson College sued, claiming that the consolidation was unconstitutional.[1] They argued that the original 1802 charter for Jefferson College had been illegally usurped in the process.[1] Specifically, they argued that the provision in the Jefferson College Charter reading "shall not be altered or alterable by any ordinance or law of the said trustees, not in any other manner than by an act of the legislature of the Commonwealth" prohibited such a move.[4] Their lawsuit went to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, where the court ruled on January 3, 1870, that the consolidation had been done in a legal manner.[5][1] The Jefferson College partisans appealed to the United States Supreme Court, saying that the consolidation had been contrary to the United States Constitution.[1] The court ruled otherwise, and upheld the consolidation in a December 1871 opinion written by Justice Nathan Clifford.[1][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 155–156. OCLC 2191890. 
  2. ^ Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 143–149. OCLC 2191890. 
  3. ^ Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 149–155. OCLC 2191890. 
  4. ^ McClain, Emlin (1909). "Protection to Contracts and Property - Pennsylvania College Cases". A selection of cases on constitutional law (2 ed.). Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 1013. 
  5. ^ Thompson, James (1870). Wikisource link to Pennsylvania College Cases. Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Wikisource.
  6. ^ Clifford, Nathan (1871). Wikisource link to Pennsylvania College Cases. United States Supreme Court. Wikisource.

See also[edit]

Works related to Pennsylvania College Cases at Wikisource