Pennsylvania Plaza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Pennsylvania Plaza (Penn Plaza) is the office, entertainment and hotel complex occupying and near the site of Pennsylvania Station, between 31st and 34th Streets and Seventh and Eighth Avenues in New York.

It includes the current Madison Square Garden and its Theatre, opened in 1968; the current below-ground Pennsylvania Station; and the One Pennsylvania Plaza and Two Pennsylvania Plaza office buildings. (Two Penn is the headquarters of the MSG Network, Cumulus New York and their radio stations WABC, WNSH and WPLJ, and the Association for Computing Machinery.)[citation needed]

Other buildings around the complex use the Pennsylvania Plaza name as an alternate address, such as the 5 Penn Plaza office building on Eighth Avenue, to the northwest; the Pennsylvania Building at 225 West 34th Street (14 Penn Plaza), north of the station; and the Hotel Pennsylvania at 401 Seventh Avenue (15 Penn Plaza), east of the station. The numbering of the Penn Plaza addresses around the area does not follow a consistent pattern.[1]

The Penn Plaza complex remains one of the most controversial in New York City history because it involved the destruction, beginning in 1963, of the original McKim, Mead and White-designed Penn Station (1910), a revered piece of New York architecture. Its replacements were what architects and civic purists regard as mediocre office and entertainment structures.[citation needed]

14 Penn Plaza

The demolition of the first Penn Station led to the city's landmarks preservation movement and helped save another landmark of railway architecture, Grand Central Terminal.[2]

With the sports arena and railroad station at its hub and 34th Street retailers (including Macy's) nearing the complex, Pennsylvania Plaza remains one of the busier transportation, business and retailing neighborhoods in Manhattan.[citation needed]

Tenants[edit]

Compuware and McGraw-Hill have offices in Penn Plaza.[3][4] Architectural Record and "Engineering News-Record" have their editorial offices on the 10th floor of Two Penn Plaza.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lyons, Richard D. (May 22, 1988). "How Builders Invent Vanity Addresses". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  2. ^ Collins, Glenn (October 28, 2003). "40 Years After Wreckage, Bits of Old Penn Station; Ghosts of a New York Marvel Survive". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  3. ^ "Compuware Around the World". Compuware. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  4. ^ "New York". McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Contact." Architectural Record. Retrieved on August 30, 2012. "Editorial Offices Two Penn Plaza, 9th Floor New York, NY 10121-2298"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′02″N 73°59′34″W / 40.750634°N 73.992703°W / 40.750634; -73.992703