Pennsylvania Route 115

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PA Route 115 marker

PA Route 115
Major roads in the Poconos with PA 115 in red
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 35.652 mi[2] (57.376 km)
Existed: 1928[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 209 in Brodheadsville
  I-80 in Tobyhanna Township
I-476 / Penna. Tpk. NE Ext in Bear Creek Township
North end: I-81 / PA 309 near Wilkes-Barre
Location
Counties: Luzerne, Monroe
Highway system
PA 114 PA 116
US 15 PA-15 (1926).svg PA 16
PA 438 PA-439 (1926).svg PA 441

Pennsylvania Route 115 (PA 115) is a 35.7-mile-long (57.5 km) north–south state highway in eastern Pennsylvania. It stretches from U.S. Route 209 (US 209) in Brodheadsville, Monroe County to Interstate 81 (I-81) and PA 309 near Wilkes-Barre in Luzerne County. PA 115 passes through rural areas along its route, intersecting PA 903 in Tunkhannock Township, I-80 and PA 940 in Tobyhanna Township, and I-476 (Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension) in Bear Creek Township. The road serves as a connector between The Poconos and the Wyoming Valley.

The road originated as the Sullivan Trail, a route that follows the path taken by General John Sullivan during his expedition in the American Revolutionary War. The Sullivan Trail later became known as the Easton and Wilkes-Barre Turnpike, a turnpike that connected Easton and Wilkes-Barre between 1815 and the 1850s. PA 115 was designated in 1928 to run from Montoursville east to Swiftwater. By 1937, the termini were realigned from Montoursville to Mausdale and from Swiftwater to Easton. PA 115 was extended west to Milton by 1950. The northern terminus was realigned to Hughesville by 1960, the same time a portion of the route from Saylorsburg to Wind Gap was relocated to a freeway alignment. PA 115's northern terminus was cut back to the Wilkes-Barre area in 1962. The southern terminus was rolled back to Brodheadsville by 1972. PA 115 has had its northern terminus in various locations in the Wilkes-Barre area from 1962 to 1990; finally being moved to its current location in 1990.

Route description[edit]

Former PA 115 near Wind Gap

PA 115 begins at a Y intersection with US 209 in the community of Brodheadsville in Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County. From this intersection, the route heads northwest as a two-lane undivided road, passing through business areas before heading into a mix of farmland and woodland with some development. The road passes through the community of Effort and curves to the north. PA 115 gains a second northbound lane and continues into forested areas with residential neighborhoods, turning to the northwest and entering Tunkhannock Township. The route narrows back to two lanes and runs through more dense forests. The road passes to the southwest of Pocono Raceway before it curves more to the west and meets the northern terminus of PA 903. PA 115 heads northwest again through more forested areas with some development prior to crossing into Tobyhanna Township. Here, the route immediately reaches an interchange with I-80 at exit 284, at which point it widens into a four-lane divided highway. After the interchange, PA 115 narrows back into a two-lane undivided road and crosses Tobyhanna Creek. The route crosses PA 940 in the community of Blakeslee, at which point it passes a few businesses. Following this intersection, the road heads back through forests.[3][4]

PA 115 crosses the Lehigh River into Buck Township in Luzerne County, where the name of the road becomes Buck Boulevard. The route passes through more dense forest, curving more to the west and entering Bear Creek Township in the community of Shades Glen. The road becomes Bear Creek Boulevard and continues west, entering the borough of Bear Creek Village. Here, PA 115 gains a center left-turn lane and heads through wooded areas of homes, passing to the south of Bear Creek Lake. The route heads northwest and becomes the border between Bear Creek Village to the northeast and Bear Creek Township to the southwest, with the turn lane disappearing and the road gaining a second southbound lane. The route fully enters Bear Creek Township again, where it turns back into a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane and passes near some residential neighborhoods, turning to the north.[3][5]

PA 115 curves northwest and comes to a ramp that provides access to I-476 (Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension) at exit 105. The route becomes a wide two-lane road and runs parallel to I-476 to the west as it descends Wyoming Mountain. The road curves northeast before a turn to the northwest, where it passes under I-476. PA 115 continues north through forests with some homes, passing through Llewellyns Corners. The route enters Plains Township and passes over a Reading Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad line as it winds through more dense forests as a four-lane divided highway. PA 115 turns to the west and passes south of commercial development before it comes to its northern terminus at an interchange with I-81 and PA 309 at exit 170 outside of Wilkes-Barre. Past this interchange, the roadway continues west as the limited-access North Cross Valley Expressway, which is part of PA 309.[3][5]

History[edit]

Old roads[edit]

Most of what became PA 115 from Easton to Wilkes-Barre was originally a pathway made by General John Sullivan and his forces in 1779 during the American Revolutionary War on their expedition from Easton to the Wyoming Valley. George Washington ordered Sullivan to march upstream the Susquehanna River to join General James Clinton's brigade at the Bradford County town of Tioga (now known as Athens). Soon after, Sullivan's army departed to Newtown, New York where they defeated the Iroquois and Cayuga Indians living in Western New York. His campaign was one of the most important military movements in the American Revolution.[6] The southernmost segment of General Sullivan's path which became part of PA 115 centuries later from Knox Avenue in Easton to PA 512 in Wind Gap is currently designated as Sullivan Trail.[7]

At the turn of the 19th century, the population and economy of Luzerne County continued to grow and there was a necessity for new roads to improve communication between distant settlements. Most of the early merchandise transportation in the area was done by Durham boats on the Lehigh and Susquehanna Rivers. This led Arnold Colt, a Luzerne County clerk, to construct a turnpike directly connecting the Wyoming and Lehigh Valleys on Sullivan's Trail.[8] Colt then obtained a charter to incorporate the Easton and Wilkes-Barre Turnpike on February 11, 1803.[9] The first 46 miles (74 km) of the turnpike from Wilkes-Barre to Wind Gap were finished by 1807.[10] Colt then obtained a charter to incorporate the Easton and Wilkes-Barre Turnpike on February 11, 1803.[9] The road was completed by 1815 at a total expense of $75,000 (equivalent to $966 thousand in 2014)[11].[12]

They are building a plank road to Slocum Hollow [now Scranton] to get to a railroad and they say that a man can get from Wilkes-Barre to New York in a day. It is almost beyond my belief. I wonder what will become of the old turnpike there is no more use for the old man and the old road.

Honorable Joseph Slocum, former president of the Easton and Wilkes-Barre Turnpike[13]

The turnpike was initially used as major thoroughfare for conveying grains and plaster during War of 1812. When Northampton County farmers could not afford shipped plaster from the Eastern seaboard they became interested in New York plaster. The plaster was transported from New York via the Susquehanna River then onto the turnpike on wagons and sleds. Transporting this product became the turnpike's legacy as it transformed the road into an important commercial line.[13]

By the 1850s, the transport industry heavily favored trains over wagons and sleds. In 1851, the Lackawanna and Western Railroad was completed, connecting Scranton to upstate New York. The new railroad shortened the time required to ship goods between the two endpoints from ten days (by way of roads) to just one. The amount of traffic on the turnpike declined as a result. By the 1850s, the turnpike company had folded and the highway was abandoned.[14] From Bear Creek to Tobyhanna Township the name Easton and Wilkes-Barre Road is still marked on PA 115. The former southern extension of PA 115 from Brodheadsville to Wind Gap is marked as the Wilkes-Barre Turnpike.[15][16]

Designation[edit]

Former southernmost alignment of PA 115 in Monroe and Northampton Counties.

When Pennsylvania began maintenance over roads by the way of the Sproul Road Bill in May 1911, the Luzerne County portion of present-day PA 115 was adopted as Legislative Route 169, the primary connector between Wilkes-Barre and the Poconos.[17] The former southernmost segment of the route from Saylorsburg to Easton was adopted as Legislative Route 166.[18] The first traffic routes were assigned in 1924 and by 1927, the state had assigned LR 169 as PA 15 only to be renumbered the following year as PA 115.[1][19]

When PA 115 was commissioned in 1928, the road was mostly aligned east–west and stretched from US 220 in Montoursville to US 611 in Swiftwater near Mount Pocono.[20] By 1937, the southern terminus of PA 115 was moved from Mount Pocono to US 611 in Easton. The new route followed the Sullivan Trail and replaced PA 102 between Easton and Stockertown. The former alignment of PA 115 from Tobyhanna Township to Swiftwater was replaced by PA 940, which is now PA 940 between Tobyhanna Township and Pocono Summit and PA 314 between Pocono Summit and Swiftwater. The same year, the northern terminus was moved from Montoursville to PA 54 in the Montour County community of Mausdale. The route replaced a part of PA 154 between Mausdale and Jerseytown, all of PA 439 between Jerseytown and Benton, and a part of PA 339 between Benton and Coles Creek. The former alignment of PA 115 between Montoursville and Coles Creek became PA 87 between Montoursville and Forksville and PA 154 between Forksville and Coles Creek. This alignment retains these designations today except that PA 154 has been removed between Laporte and Coles Creek.[20][21][22]

By 1950, PA 115 was extended west to PA 14 (currently PA 405) in Milton, replacing a portion of PA 154 between Milton and Mooresburg and a portion of PA 45 between Mooresburg and Mausdale.[23] The northern terminus was moved from Milton to US 220 in Hughesville during the 1950s; this stretch replaced a portion of PA 642. The former alignment of PA 115 between Milton and Red Rock became PA 642 between Milton and Jerseytown and PA 254 between Jerseytown and Red Rock. This alignment is now PA 642, PA 254 between Jerseytown and Benton, and PA 487 between Benton and Red Rock. By 1960, PA 115 was moved onto a limited-access road (now PA 33) from Saylorsburg to PA 512 in Wind Gap.[24] By 1962, the northern terminus of PA 115 was moved from Hughesville to US 309 (now PA 309 Business) in Wilkes-Barre Township. The route was replaced by PA 118 from Hughesville to Dallas and US 309 from Dallas to Wilkes-Barre Township.[25] In Wilkes-Barre, it used to followed Kidder Street, Butler Street, Main Street, Courtright Street, Carey Avenue, and crossed the Susquehanna River on Pierce Street.[26]

By 1972, the southern terminus was truncated from Easton to its current location.[27] The portion of PA 115's former surface alignment in Northampton County between Center Square in Easton and PA 191 in Stockertown is now designated as State Route 2025, an unsigned quadrant route.[26][28] PA 115 was extended back to its former alignments by 1980 via Kidder, Scott, Butler, and Pierce Streets through Wilkes-Barre and ended at US 11 in Kingston.[29] The route was truncated to PA 309 at the intersection of Kidder and Spring Streets in Wilkes-Barre by 1989. A year later, the northern terminus was moved to its current location when the North Cross Valley Expressway (PA 309) was completed.[30][31]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
Monroe Chestnuthill Township 0.000 0.000 US 209 to PA 715 – Stroudsburg, Lehighton
Tunkhannock Township 13.405 21.573 PA 903 south – Lake Harmony, Albrightsville, Jim Thorpe Northern terminus of PA 903
Tobyhanna Township 15.363 24.724 I-80 – Hazleton, Stroudsburg Exit 284 (I-80)
16.774 26.995 PA 940 – White Haven, Mt. Pocono
Luzerne Bear Creek Township 31.415 50.558 I-476 / Penna. Tpk. NE Ext – Allentown, Scranton Exit 105 (Wilkes-Barre) (I-476/PA Turnpike)
Plains Township 35.652 57.376 I-81 / PA 309 – Hazleton, Wilkes-Barre, Scranton Exit 170 (I-81/PA 309)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1927). Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. http://www.mapsofpa.com/roadcart/1927_2043m.jpg. Retrieved August 19, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (December 31, 2012). Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams (Report) (2013 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/Bureaus/BOMO/RM/RITS/Annual%20Electronic%20SLDs%20by%20County/. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Google Inc. "overview of Pennsylvania Route 115". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://goo.gl/maps/4BLw5. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  4. ^ PennDOT (2012). Monroe County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/monroe_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  5. ^ a b PennDOT (2012). Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/luzerne_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  6. ^ Bradsby, p. 127-129.
  7. ^ Google Inc. "Sullivan Trail from Easton to Wind Gap". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=210875883811842150413.0004d37ec6f3df969c4b4&msa=0&ll=40.754832,-75.247507&spn=0.017392,0.042272&iwloc=0004d37ed8ac1b4420956. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  8. ^ Bradsby, p. 534.
  9. ^ a b Bradsby, p. 254.
  10. ^ Bradsby, p. 571.
  11. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  12. ^ Report, Volume 5, Part 3. Pennsylvania. Bureau of Industrial Statistics, Pennsylvania. Dept. of Internal Affairs, Pennsylvania. Bureau of Statistics of Labor and Agriculture. 1878. p. 592. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b Historical Record : the early history of Wyoming valley and contiguous territory Vol. 4–6. Press of the WilkesBarre Record. 1893. p. 11. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  14. ^ History of Hanover Township: including Sugar Notch, Ashley, and Nanticoke boroughs : and also a history of Wyoming Valley, in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. R. Baur. 1885. p. 248. 
  15. ^ The Historical record of Wyoming Valley, Volumes 13–14. Press of the Wilkes-Barre Record. 1905. p. 200. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  16. ^ Staff (July 7, 1884). "A pioneer family's fall; the history opened by the Drinker-Cooper tragedy. Henry Drinker's energy, which settled a large part of Pennsylvania and brought riches to himself" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  17. ^ Ihmsen, JD (May 16, 1911). "Utilities and Road Bills Are Passed". The Pittsburgh Gazette Times. Retrieved August 23, 2009. 
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1911 State Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1911.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  19. ^ "U.S. 22 – The William Penn Highway History – Pennsylvania's Named Highways". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  20. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930 State Highway Map (front) (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  21. ^ Mid-West Map Co.. 1937 Official Road Map Pennsylvania New Jersey (Map). Scale not given. Section D8, D9, D11, E12. http://www.mapsofpa.com/roadcart/1937_1044m.jpg. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940 State Highway Map (front) (Map). Scale not given. Section M6, N5, N6, P6, Q6, Q7. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940fr.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950 State Highway Map (front) (Map). Scale not given. Section L6, M6. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1950fr.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960 State Highway Map (front) (Map). Scale not given. Section M5, N5, L6, M6, Q7. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1960fr.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  25. ^ United States Geological Survey (1962). Scranton quadrangle (Map). 1:250,000. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-scranton-1962.jpg. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  26. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960 State Highway Map (back) (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1960bk.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1972 Monroe County Map (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Monroe_1972.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  28. ^ PennDOT (2012). Northampton County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/northampton_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1980 State Highway Map (back) (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1980bk.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1989 State Highway Map (back) (Map). Scale not given. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1989bk.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1990 Luzerne County Map (Map). Scale not given. p. Sheet 1. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Luzerne_1990_Sheet_1.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2008.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Kitsko, Jeffrey J. (2009). "PA 115". Pennsylvania Highways. Retrieved August 20, 2009.