Pennsylvania Route 134
|Maintained by PennDOT|
|Length:||7.43 mi (11.96 km)|
|Existed:||1928 – present|
|South end:||Harney Road at Maryland state line near Barlow|
|US 15 near Gettysburg|
US 15 Bus. in Gettysburg
Pennsylvania Route 134 (PA 134), also called Taneytown Road, is a north–south, two-lane state highway in Pennsylvania. It runs in Cumberland and Mount Joy townships from Gettysburg to the Mason-Dixon Line. The road was used during the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg and used for the procession to the cemetery consecration at which the Gettysburg Address was delivered.
From the Maryland border at Harney Road, the road heads through agricultural areas with a few homes and patches of woods. After passing through Barlow, PA 134 crosses the Rock Creek into Cumberland Township. At this point, the route turns north and reaches an interchange with the US 15 freeway. Past this interchange, the road enters the grounds of Gettysburg National Military Park and passes through the community of Round Top. Continuing through more of the park, the route runs to the west of Evergreen Cemetery. PA 134 enters Gettysburg and ends at US 15 Business near Gettysburg National Cemetery.
In 1808, the county court approved a petition for a road from Gettysburg past Black's Mill on Rock Creek to the road from "Routsough's Mill to Tawney Town", Maryland. In 1841, the first bridge of two 60-foot (18 m) covered spans was built on the creek downstream of the Black's Mill dam, and the bridge and a downstream ford were used by Union troops during the Battle of Gettysburg. From 1894 to 1916, the Gettysburg Electric Railway operated over 800 feet (240 m) of the road on the south slope of Cemetery Hill. Just to the south of the tracks in c. 1903, a battlefield "avenue tablet" was placed to identify the road. After part of the "Taneytown and Gettysburg Road" near the Gettysburg Battlefield was ceded to the United States Department of War in 1905 following Congressional authorization, 2,443 feet (745 m) from the borough line to beyond Meade's headquarters was "reconstructed on the Telford system" (graded and "piked") to a width of 16 feet (4.9 m). A west gate for the Gettysburg National Cemetery was built on Taneytown Road at Cemetery Hill, followed by the nearby entrance gate to the Gettysburg National Military Park designed by Emmor Cope for Grand Central Avenue's north end on the Taneytown Road's west side. In 1915, the portion of the road from Steinwehr Avenue to the United States arsenal was macadamized. By 1930, PA 134 was assigned to its current alignment between the Maryland border and US 15 (now US 15 Business), with the section south of Round Top under construction. The section under construction was completed by 1940.
The entire route is in Adams County.
|Mount Joy Township||0.00||0.00||Harney Road||Continuation from the Mason-Dixon Line into Maryland|
|Cumberland Township||4.31||6.94||US 15 – Frederick, Harrisburg||Diamond interchange|
US 15 Bus. (Steinwehr Avenue)
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- DeLorme (2007). Street Atlas USA (Map).
- Google Inc. "Overview of Pennsylvania Route 134". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=taneytown+road+and+harney+road&daddr=PA+134+and+steinwehr+avenue&geocode=FUoUXgIdWt9l-ylLXQIbJ7PJiTEgfd4-rhuZOQ%3BFdqgXwIdgIRl-ymf2Jfc86zJiTGQOCKCxOsg2A&hl=en&mra=ls&sll=39.724749,-77.193375&sspn=0.059413,0.169086&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=12. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (2011) (PDF). Adams County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/adams_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- Geiselman, John P.; Cleveland, Linda K. (1996). "Horner's Mill Becomes Barlow". Reflections. Columbus, GA: Brentwood Christian Press. p. 87. OCLC 37107408.
- "Local History: The Wooden Bridges Built by Adams County". Gettysburg Compiler. March 22, 1872. p. 2, col. 6. Retrieved April 26, 2011. "1841.—Contract with John Camp, for a covered bridge of two spans of 60 feet each, across Rock creek, at Horner's mill, on the Taneytown road—dated January 4, 1841; price $2,000. Commissioners, Daniel Diehl, Joseph J. Kuhn and William Douglass. This bridge was swept away by a flood about a year ago, and has since been replaced by another of the same character, on foundations several feet higher."
- "A Picture of Thirty Years Ago". Gettysburg Compiler. June 29, 1897. p. 1, col. 4. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Gettysburg National Military Park Commission (June 30, 1905). "Annual Report of the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission to the Secretary of War, 1905". The Gettysburg Commission Reports. Gettysburg, PA: War Department. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- Staff. "Taneytown Road—Cast Iron Avenue Tablet". List of Classified Structures. National Park Service. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "A Trip to Atlanta: the Exposition in Kind Very Much like the World's Fair". Gettysburg Compiler. December 3, 185. p. 1, col. 3. Retrieved July 29, 2011. Check date values in:
- "Two Gettysbeurg Bills Present". The Gettysburg Times. March 2, 1915. p. 1, col. 2. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1930) (PDF). Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1940) (PDF). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940fr.pdf. Retrieved June 24, 2010.