Pennsylvania Route 309

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PA Route 309 marker

PA Route 309
Major highways in eastern Pennsylvania with PA 309 in red.
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 135 mi[1] (217 km)
Existed: 1968 – present
Major junctions
South end: PA 611 in Philadelphia/Cheltenham
  I-276 / Penna. Tpk. in Ft. Washington
US 202 in Montgomeryville
I-78 near Allentown
US 222 / PA 222 in Allentown
US 22 in Allentown
US 209 in Tamaqua
I-81 near McAdoo
I-80 in Butler Township
I-81 near Wilkes Barre
US 11 in Kingston
North end: PA 29 near Noxen Township
Location
Counties: Philadelphia, Montgomery, Bucks, Lehigh, Schuylkill, Carbon, Luzerne, Wyoming
Highway system
PA 308 PA 310
US 22 PA-22 (1926).svg PA 23

Pennsylvania Route 309 (PA 309) is a major highway which runs for 134 miles (216 km) through Pennsylvania in the United States. The route runs from the interchange between PA 611 and Cheltenham Avenue on the border of Philadelphia and Cheltenham Township north to an intersection with PA 29 in Bowman Creek, a village in Noxen Township, Wyoming County. It connects Philadelphia and its northern suburbs to Allentown, Hazleton, and Wilkes-Barre. A limited-access highway portion of PA 309 in the Wilkes-Barre area is known as the North Cross Valley Expressway. A limited-access highway portion of PA 309 in Montgomery County is known as the Fort Washington Expressway. PA 309 parallels the newer Interstates 476 and 81 for much of its length.

Route description[edit]

The ending route marker of 309, and a sign marking the adjacent intersection to 611.

Philadelphia to Allentown[edit]

PA 309 begins at an interchange between PA 611 and Cheltenham Avenue on the border of Cheltenham Township and the East Oak Lane section of Philadelphia. It follows Cheltenham Avenue and Ogontz Avenue for a short distance north to become the Fort Washington Expressway, a freeway that forms a major commuter route through the northern suburbs of Philadelphia, passing north through the towns of Fort Washington and Ambler, interchanging with the mainline of the Pennsylvania Turnpike near the former. At Montgomeryville, the route becomes Bethlehem Pike, a four-lane highway through Montgomeryville, Telford, Quakertown, and Coopersburg, with alternating arterial road and freeway segments known for large sections of suburban sprawl. North of Coopersburg, the freeway briefly merges with Interstate 78 to form a primarily six-lane highway that crosses South Mountain before cutting through Allentown's South Side and skirting the city's southwest border.

Allentown to the Wyoming Valley[edit]

PA 309 northbound in the borough of Quakertown

After I-78 and PA 309 split near Allentown's southwestern corner, the PA 309 freeway continues north, interchanging with U.S. Route 22 just east of Interstate 476. The freeway then empties onto a two-lane road northwest of Allentown, which is being widened to four lanes as of July 2008 in the Schnecksville area. It continues north through the Lehigh County communities of Orefield, Schnecksville, and New Tripoli then turns northwest, crossing Blue Mountain and the Appalachian Trail on the way to Tamaqua. It then parallels Interstate 81 northward, running through downtown Hazleton and meeting with Interstate 80 north of the city. North of I-80, the route climbs Nescopeck Mountain to the town of Mountain Top, then descends Penobscot Mountain into the Wyoming Valley and merges onto Interstate 81.

The Wyoming Valley to Bowman Creek[edit]

PA-309 as North Cross Valley Expressway

After running concurrently with Interstate 81 for several miles, PA 309 exits onto the North Cross Valley Expressway, a freeway through Wilkes-Barre and across the Susquehanna River to Trucksville. The route then continues northward as an arterial through Shavertown and Dallas, to its end at PA Route 29 at Bowman Creek, south of Tunkhannock.

History[edit]

US 309 (1961 cutout).svg

Starting out as a Native American path now referred to as the "Minsi Trail", this route became part of the Bethlehem Pike. In 1926, the U.S. Route 309 designation was given to a route that consisted of Stenton Avenue in Philadelphia, Bethlehem Pike (Old Route 309) from the Philadelphia line to Spring House, modern-day PA 309 into Bucks County, Bethlehem Pike (Old Route 309) through Sellersville, modern-day PA 309 from Quakertown to Lanark, and modern-day PA 145 to Allentown; various city streets through Allentown, exiting northward on Walbert Avenue; modern-day PA 309 from Walbert (in South Whitehall Township) to Schnecksville, modern-day PA 873 to Weiders Crossing near Lehigh Gap, modern-day PA 248 to Weissport, modern-day US 209 to Nesquehoning, modern-day PA 93 to Hazleton, and modern-day PA 309 (and PA 309 Business) to Wilkes-Barre.

In 1930 the highway was extended to the New York state line, following River Street to Pittston, modern-day PA 92 to Tunkhannock, modern-day US 6 to Towanda, and modern-day US 220 to South Waverly. In 1946 the route between Wilkes-Barre and Tunkhannock was changed to the modern-day PA 309 alignment from Wilkes-Barre to Bowman Creek and modern-day PA 29 to Tunkhannock.

In 1954 the routing between Allentown and Hazleton was completely changed. US 309 was routed north on modern-day PA 145 to Fullerton, then west on the Lehigh Valley Thruway along with the rerouted US 22 to Fogelsville. US 309 then turned north on modern-day PA 100 up to Pleasant Corners, and then followed modern-day PA 309 to Hazleton.

Northbound PA 309 approaching interchange with PA 563 in West Rockhill Township

The late 1950s saw the beginnings of bypasses on the route. North of Philadelphia, the Fort Washington Expressway from the PA 73 interchange to north of Spring House opened in 1959; the rest of that expressway from PA 73 south to PA 152 opened in 1961. A bypass west of Allentown from Lanark to US 22 north of Cetronia was completed in 1959, and extended to Walbert in 1962 when US 309 was placed on modern-day PA 309 from US 22 to Pleasant Corners. US 309 had now completely replaced the stretch of the 1920s-era Pennsylvania Route 22 between the former PA 3 in Allentown and the former PA 19 in Wilkes-Barre.

The north end of US 309 had always been shared with other U.S. highways (6 and 220). In 1964 the US 309 designation was removed from those shared sections, leaving the northern terminus at Tunkhannock. In 1967, work began on an expressway to bypass Sellersville from just north of the Montgomery/Bucks County line to just south of Quakertown. This bypass opened in 1969. By that time, US 309 was no more; it was decommissioned in 1968 and was replaced by PA 309 south of Bowman Creek and by PA 29 from Bowman Creek to Tunkhannock.[2]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Exit Destinations Notes
Philadelphia –
Montgomery
Philadelphia –
Cheltenham Township
0.0 0.0 PA 611 (Old York Road) Interchange
Montgomery Cheltenham Township 2.4 3.9 South end of freeway
2.4 3.9 PA 152 north (Easton Road) – Glenside
Springfield Township 4.3 6.9 Paper Mill Road – Springfield
5.2 8.4 PA 73 (Church Road) – Flourtown
Upper Dublin Township 6.6 10.6 I-276 / Penna. Tpk. – Fort Washington, Oreland, Harrisburg, New Jersey
7.7 12.4 Highland Avenue Northbound exit, southbound entrance
8.7 14.0 Susquehanna Road Northbound exit, southbound entrance
9.1 14.6 Butler Pike – Ambler Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Lower Gwynedd Township 10.1 16.3 Norristown Road – Spring House
Bethlehem Pike Southbound exit, northbound entrance
12.2 19.6 North end of freeway
12.2 19.6 PA 63 (Welsh Road)
Montgomery Township 14.2 22.9 US 202 – Doylestown, Norristown Interchange
15.3 24.6 PA 463 (Cowpath Road / Horsham Road) – Lansdale, Hatboro
Hatfield Township South end of freeway
21.2 34.1 Bethlehem PikeSellersville Northbound exit, southbound entrance
Bucks Hilltown Township 21.5 34.6 PA 113 (Souderton Road) – Souderton
West Rockhill Township 23.3 37.5 PA 152 south (State Road) – Telford, Sellersville
Sellersville 25.3 40.7 PA 563 (Ridge Road) – Perkasie Access provided via Lawn Avenue
West Rockhill Township Sellersville, Perkasie Southbound exit, northbound entrance
North end of freeway
Quakertown 31.2 50.2 PA 663 south (John Fries Highway) / PA 313 east (Broad Street) – Pennsburg, Quakertown
Lehigh Upper Saucon Township 37.5 60.4 PA 378 north – Bethlehem
40.7 65.5 South end of freeway
40.2 64.7 60 I-78 east – Bethlehem
PA 145 north (South Fourth Street)
Access to PA 145 from northbound, south end of I-78 overlap
40.3 64.9 59 To PA 145 – Summit Lawn Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Allentown 42.7 68.7 58 Emaus Avenue south Northbound exit
43.2 69.5 57 Lehigh Street
44.9 72.3 55 PA 29 south (Cedar Crest Boulevard)
46.1 74.2 54 US 222 south / PA 222 north (Hamilton Boulevard) Signed as exits 54A (south) and 54B (north) northbound, Access to Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom
46.6 75.0 53 I-78 west (Walter J. Dealtrey Memorial Highway) – Harrisburg Northbound exit, southbound entrance, north end of I-78 overlap
47.4 76.3 Tilghman Street (SR 1002) Former US 22
48.3 77.7 US 22 (Lehigh Valley Thruway) – Allentown, Bethlehem, Harrisburg
49.0 78.9 North end of freeway
North Whitehall Township 54.3 87.4 PA 873 north (Main Street) – Slatington
Heidelberg Township 59.1 95.1 PA 100 south – Fogelsville
Lynn Township 61.7 99.3 PA 143 south (Decatur Street/Kings Highway) – New Tripoli, Lenhartsville
Schuylkill West Penn Township 69.4 111.7 PA 895 (Lizard Creek Road/Summer Valley Road) – New Ringgold, Bowmanstown
73.9 118.9 PA 443 east (Blakeslee Boulevard) – Lehighton, Jim Thorpe South end of PA 443 overlap
75.0 120.7 PA 443 west (Clamtown Road) – New Ringgold, Orwigsburg North end of PA 443 overlap
Tamaqua 78.1 125.7 US 209 (Broad Street) – Pottsville, Coaldale, Lansford
Rush Township 80.2 129.1 PA 54 (Mahanoy Avenue/Lafayette Street) – Mahanoy City, Jim Thorpe
Kline Township 84.7 136.3 I-81 – Hazleton, Harrisburg Interchange
Carbon
No major junctions
Luzerne Hazle Township 88.3 142.1 PA 424 (Arthur Gardner Parkway)
Hazleton 90.2 145.2 PA 93 (Broad Street)
91.1 146.6 PA 924 south (15th Street)
91.5 147.3 PA 940 east (28th Street)
Butler Township 98.1 157.9 I-80 – Bloomsburg, Stroudsburg Interchange
Fairview Township 108.0 173.8 PA 437 south (Woodlawn Avenue)
Wilkes-Barre Township 110.8 178.3 South end of freeway
110.8 178.3
PA 309 Bus. north – Wilkes-Barre
Northbound exit
110.8 178.3 165 I-81 south – Harrisburg Southbound exit, south end of I-81 overlap
113 182 168 Highland Park Boulevard – Wilkes-Barre
115.9 186.5 170 I-81 north – Scranton
PA 115 south – Bear Creek
Signed as exits 170A (PA 115) and 170B (I-81), north end of I-81 overlap, south end of North Cross Valley Expressway
Wilkes-Barre 117.1 188.5 1
PA 315 north / PA 309 Bus. south – Dupont, Wilkes-Barre
118 190 2 Wilkes-Barre Center City (North Wilkes-Barre Boulevard)
Plains Township 119 192 3 Wilkes-Barre, Plains (SR 2004 / South River Street)
Kingston 120 193 4 To US 11 – Kingston, Forty Fort Northbound exit, southbound entrance[3]
120.2 193.4 5 US 11 – Forty Fort, Kingston Southbound exit, northbound entrance[3]
Pringle 121 195 6 Luzerne (SR 1013 / Union Street) Northbound exit, southbound entrance[4]
Luzerne 122 196 6 Luzerne (SR 1008 / Main Street) Southbound exit, northbound entrance[4]
123 198 North end of freeway (north end of North Cross Valley Expressway)
Dallas 126.1 202.9 PA 415 north (Memorial Highway)
Wyoming Noxen Township 134.4 216.3 PA 29 – Tunkhannock
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered routes[edit]

PA 309 Business[edit]


PA Route 309 Business
Location: Wilkes-Barre Township

Pennsylvania Route 309 Business, often referred to as Business Route 309 or PA 309 BR, is the original alignment of PA Route 309 before the road was realigned to run concurrent with Interstate 81 between Exits 165 and 170. This business route stretches approximately 4.7 miles (7.6 km) through Wilkes-Barre Township.

Where PA 309 merges onto Interstate 81 at Exit 165, Business Route 309 heads north on Wilkes-Barre Township Boulevard. The route intersects with main streets such as Blackman Street, East Northampton Street, Highland Park Boulevard, Coal Street, Mundy Street, and Scott Street. It then follows along Kidder Street where it forms the northern boundary of the Wyoming Valley Mall property and rejoins PA 309 at the intersection of PA Route 315 near Exit 170 of Interstate 81.

At the intersection of Business Route 309 and Casey Avenue is a park and ride facility with 75 total spaces.[5]

Former US 309 Truck[edit]


U.S. Route 309 Truck
Location: Philadelphia

U.S. Route 309 Truck (US 309 Truck) was a truck bypass of the section of US 309 that ran along Lincoln Drive in Philadelphia. US 309 Truck began at US 1 Byp./US 13 Byp. (Hunting Park Avenue) and headed northwest on Germantown Avenue. The truck route ended at US 309, US 422, and US 611 Alt. at the intersection of Germantown Avenue, Mt. Airy Avenue, and Chew Avenue, at which point Germantown Avenue continued northwest as US 309/US 422. US 309 Truck was designated by 1950.[6] The truck route was decommissioned in the 1950s, being replaced with US 422 north of Washington Lane.[7]

Former US 309 Bypass[edit]


U.S. Route 309 Bypass
Location: Allentown

U.S. Route 309 Bypass (US 309 Byp.) was a bypass of a portion of US 309 north of Allentown. The route began at US 22/US 309 (Tilghman Street), heading north of 12th Street briefly before turning northwest onto Roth Avenue.[6] US 309 Byp. ended at US 309 at the intersection of 19th Street and Main Boulevard. US 309 Byp. was designated by 1940.[8] The bypass route was decommissioned in the 1950s.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Inc. "Directions from PA 611 to PA 29". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=W+Cheltenham+Ave&daddr=40.2317477,-75.238131+to:40.5534339,-75.430543+to:40.6825679,-75.65657+to:40.7084126,-75.8014042+to:40.99487,-75.9845027+to:41.1772559,-75.8820651+to:PA-309+N&hl=en&ll=40.348637,-75.462341&spn=1.136597,2.705383&sll=40.061544,-75.136641&sspn=0.002229,0.005284&geocode=FbJLYwIdMoGF-w%3BFUPjZQIdDfWD-yktEngUDaTGiTGytxihfbubAg%3BFdnLagIdcQWB-ykLNXi-gDzEiTEKlGg6PCopWQ%3BFUfEbAIdhpJ9-ymPINCqojXEiTG0dL1tJJEIqQ%3BFTwpbQIdxFx7-ylDvlnyHMrFiTFf3mvOa1kG6w%3BFTaIcQIdipF4-ylbrCUAsabFiTFFv3i0ERlI9A%3BFadQdAIdryF6-ynVYOHmbQXFiTGnykZ36dwbaQ%3BFcE_eAId4Q54-w&mra=dme&mrsp=0&sz=18&via=1,2,3,4,5,6&t=m&z=9. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Pennsylvania Highways: US 309 (Decommissioned)". Jeffrey J. Kitsko, pahighways.com. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  3. ^ a b Google Inc. "US 11 and Rutter Avenue interchanges". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Wilkes-Barre,+PA&ie=UTF8&ll=41.27371,-75.878041&spn=0.010773,0.020084&z=16&om=1. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
  4. ^ a b Google Inc. "Exit 6". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Wilkes-Barre,+PA&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=41.28337,-75.898125&spn=0.010771,0.020084&z=16&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Park and Ride Locations (2006). Retrieved May 28, 2008.
  6. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1950). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1950bk.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  7. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1960). Official Map of Pennsylvania (back) (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1960bk.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1940). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940bk.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2014.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing