Pennsylvania Route 340
|Maintained by PennDOT|
|Length:||30.0 mi (48.3 km)|
|West end:||PA 462 in Lancaster|
| US 30 in Lancaster
US 30 near Downingtown
US 30 Bus. in Thorndale
Pennsylvania Route 340 (PA 340) is a 30-mile-long (48 km) state highway located in Lancaster and Chester Counties in Pennsylvania. The western terminus is at Pennsylvania Route 462 in Lancaster. The eastern terminus is at U.S. Route 30 Business in Thorndale.
PA 340 begins at an intersection with PA 462 in East Lampeter Township, Lancaster County, heading east on two-lane undivided Old Philadelphia Pike. The road passes through areas of homes and businesses, briefly forming the border between Lancaster to the north and East Lampeter Township to the south. Farther east, the route runs between industrial parks to the north and neighborhoods to the south before coming to an interchange with the US 30 freeway that does not have a ramp from westbound US 30 to PA 340. Past this interchange, PA 340 heads through less dense areas of residential and commercial development with some farm fields. The road heads into the community of Smoketown and intersects the northern terminus of PA 896 to the south of Smoketown Airport. The route continues east to Bird-in-Hand, where it passes under Amtrak's Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line.
PA 340 enters Leacock Township and runs through open agricultural areas with occasional homes. The road heads into Intercourse and passes homes and businesses. PA 340 intersects PA 772 and forms a concurrency with that route, with the road gaining a center left-turn lane. PA 772 splits to the southeast and PA 340 passes more residential development. The road leaves Intercourse and loses the turn lane, continuing through more farmland. The route heads into Salisbury Township and runs through more rural areas, passing through Spring Garden. PA 340 comes to an intersection with PA 897 and runs concurrent with that route before PA 897 turns south in the community of White Horse. Following this, the road runs east through more areas of farm fields.
PA 340 enters West Caln Township in Chester County and becomes West Kings Highway, passing southeast through woods and fields and reaching an intersection with PA 10 in Compass. At this point, PA 10 turns southeast for a brief concurrency with PA 340 before PA 340 splits to the east. The road runs through wooded areas with some homes and fields, passing through Wagontown. The route curves southeast before running east again and becoming the border between West Caln Township to the north and Coatesville to the south. PA 340 crosses the West Branch Brandywine Creek and runs along the border between West Brandywine Township to the north and Coatesville to the south as it comes to the junction with PA 82 in the community of Siousca.
Following this intersection, the road becomes East Kings Highway and runs along the border between West Brandywine Township to the north and Valley Township to the south as it runs through forested areas with some homes. The route enters Caln Township and heads southeast, passing over the US 30 freeway. PA 340 intersects Reeceville Road, which heads north to an interchange with US 30. The road curves northeast and comes to another bridge over US 30. The route passes through more wooded areas with some homes and fields, as well as Caln Meeting House, turning east onto Bondsville Road. PA 340 runs through forested areas and makes a turn to the south, coming to an interchange with US 30. The route runs through wooded areas of residential development and comes to its eastern terminus at an intersection with US 30 Bus. in the community of Thorndale.
PA 340 was assigned in 1928 to an alignment extending from US 222 east of Lancaster to US 30 north of Gap via White Horse. In 1936, PA 340 was extended northwestward to US 22 (Herr Street) east of Harrisburg and eastward from White Horse to US 30 in Coatesville. The former alignment of PA 340 between White Horse and Gap became part of an extended PA 897. PA 340 was extended eastward to Thorndale in 1946 and truncated to US 422 near Hershey in 1955. It was truncated three more times during the 1960s, eventually moving the western end of the route to its current location. The first of these came in 1961 when the route was cut back to PA 441 east of Marietta. In 1967, it was truncated and slightly realigned to follow Prospect Road to a new terminus at US 30 west of Mountville. PA 340 was reduced to its current length in 1970.
The former routing of PA 340 in Dauphin County between US 22 near Harrisburg and Nyes Road in Lower Paxton Township became State Route 3020 (SR 3020), an unsigned quadrant route, in 1987. The highway, named Canby Street and Union Deposit Road, is 5.27 miles (8.48 km) in length. From Nyes Road to Union Deposit, old PA 340 is now SR 2010. Farther southeast, the former alignment of PA 340 from Hershey to Marietta is now part of PA 743 while the section from Marietta to Lancaster is part of PA 23.
Several of the buildings along this route were established under British rule, and were built as early as 1714 as part of the King's Highway (see Compass Inn).
|Lancaster||East Lampeter Township||0.0||0.0||PA 462 (East King Street / Lincoln Highway)|
|US 30 – York, Harrisburg, Coatesville, Philadelphia||Interchange, no access from westbound US 30 to PA 340|
|PA 896 south (Eastbrook Road)||Northern terminus of PA 896|
|Intercourse||PA 772 west (West Newport Road)||Western terminus of concurrency|
|PA 772 east (East Newport Road)||Eastern terminus of concurrency|
|Salisbury Township||PA 897 north (Springville Road)||Western terminus of concurrency|
|PA 897 south (White Horse Road) – Gap||Eastern terminus of concurrency|
|Chester||West Caln Township||PA 10 north (Compass Road) – Honey Brook||Western terminus of concurrency|
|PA 10 south (Compass Road) – Parkesburg||Eastern terminus of concurrency|
|Coatesville||PA 82 (Manor Road)|
|Caln Township||US 30 (Downingtown Coatesville Bypass) – Exton, Coatesville||Interchange|
US 30 Bus. (Lincoln Highway) – Downingtown, Coatesville
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennsylvania Route 340.|
- Google Inc. "Pennsylvania Route 340". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=PA-462+E%2FLincoln+Hwy&daddr=40.0106259,-75.858803+to:40.0067428,-75.7679452+to:40.0128202,-75.747864+to:Bondsville+Rd&hl=en&ll=40.019201,-76.007538&spn=0.282382,0.676346&sll=39.99795,-75.744274&sspn=0.008893,0.021136&geocode=FXbtYgIdsDN0-w%3BFYGDYgIdjXx6-ymPkMGxg1zGiTGJuoRF_PlY0A%3BFVZ0YgIdd997-ymj5lV52l7GiTFeDsMGI1-iEQ%3BFRSMYgId6C18-ylhctVLPV_GiTFj7bnIWVubMA%3BFaJKYgIdhzV8-w&t=h&mra=ls&via=1,2,3&z=11. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- PennDOT (2012). Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/lancaster_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- PennDOT (2012). Chester County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/chester_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Kitsko, Jeffrey J. (April 12, 2010). "Pennsylvania Route 340". Pennsylvania Highways. Retrieved August 19, 2010.[unreliable source]
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1930) (PDF). Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1940) (PDF). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940fr.pdf. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
- "2004 Dauphin County Map" (PDF). PennDOT. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007. Toggle Measure Tool. Retrieved April 25, 2007.