Pennsylvania Route 413
|Maintained by PennDOT|
|Length:||31.059 mi (49.985 km)|
|South end:||Route 413 on the Burlington-Bristol Bridge in Bristol Township|
US 1 in Langhorne
US 202 in Buckingham Township
|North end:||PA 611 in Bedminster Township|
Pennsylvania Route 413 (PA 413) is a 31-mile-long (50 km), north–south state highway in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The route runs from the New Jersey state line on the Burlington-Bristol Bridge over the Delaware River outside of Bristol, where it continues as Route 413 into New Jersey, to PA 611 in Bedminster Township. The route passes through the lower and central portions of Bucks County, serving Bristol, Levittown, Langhorne, Newtown, and Buckingham. The route intersects U.S. Route 13 (US 13) and Interstate 95 (I-95) near Bristol, I-95 near Penndel, US 1 in Langhorne Manor, and US 202 in Buckingham.
The modern-day alignment of PA 413 roughly follows the Durham Road, an 18th-century road that connected Bristol to upper Bucks County. PA 413 was originally designated by 1930 to run from US 309 (Main Street) in Sellersville east to US 122 (now US 202) in Buckingham. By 1947, the northern terminus was moved to US 611 in Pipersville, with portions of the route between Sellersville and Pipersville becoming parts of PA 113 and PA 152. The route was also extended south to Bristol by this time, replacing PA 101 between Bristol and Penndel and PA 113 between Penndel and Buckingham. The route was moved to its current alignment between Bristol and Penndel by 1950. In 1977, PA 413 was routed to bypass Newtown.
PA 413 begins at the Burlington-Bristol Bridge over the Delaware River in Bristol Township, Bucks County, where the road continues south into Burlington, New Jersey as Route 413. From the bridge, PA 413 heads north as two-lane undivided Veterans Highway, passing over the abandoned Maple Beach community before curving northwest and back north through woodland. The route heads into industrial areas and widens into a four-lane road, bending northeast and crossing a railroad spur. PA 413 turns northwest at an intersection with Otter Street and passes under Amtrak's Northeast Corridor before it reaches an intersection with US 13. Past this intersection, the road becomes a four-lane divided highway and passes between homes to the west and a shopping center to the east, at which point it forms the border between Bristol Township to the west and Bristol to the east. The route fully enters Bristol Township again and continues through residential areas with a few businesses as a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane. PA 413 becomes a six-lane divided highway as it comes to a ramp that provides access to I-95 to the west.
Following this, the route reverts back to a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and runs through commercial areas. The road becomes a four-lane divided highway before it passes under the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276) and narrows into a two-lane undivided road. PA 413 gains a center left-turn lane and passes businesses as it forms the western border of the planned residential community of Levittown. At the New Falls Road intersection, the route crosses into Middletown Township and runs between apartment complexes to the west and woods to the east as a two-lane road. The road continues through residential areas with occasional businesses along the western edge of Levittown, continuing north to an intersection with US 1 Bus.
At this point, PA 413 turns southwest to form a concurrency with US 1 Bus. on four-lane divided Lincoln Highway, immediately reaching a diamond interchange with I-95. Past this interchange, the roadway continues as a four-lane undivided road, passing through commercial areas and crossing into Penndel. In Penndel, PA 413 splits from US 1 Bus. by turning northwest onto two-lane undivided Durham Road. A block later, the route intersects the northern terminus of PA 513 and heads north on Bellevue Avenue. The road crosses CSX's Trenton Subdivision and SEPTA's West Trenton Line near the Langhorne station and enters Langhorne Manor. Here, PA 413 runs north-northwest through wooded residential areas. The route turns east onto four-lane undivided Pine Street, with Bellevue Avenue continuing north to provide access to and from the northbound lanes of the US 1 freeway to PA 413. PA 413 curves north, crossing back into Middletown Township, and comes to a bridge over US 1 before it intersects Gillam Avenue, which along with connecting Bellevue Avenue provides access to and from the southbound lanes of US 1 to PA 413.
Following this intersection, the road heads into Langhorne, narrowing back into a two-lane undivided road and heading into residential areas. The route crosses PA 213 in the center of Langhorne and passes near some businesses before heading past more homes. PA 413 crosses back into Middletown Township, where the name changes to Newtown Langhorne Road, and passes under Norfolk Southern's Morrisville Line and an abandoned railroad line before heading into wooded areas along the eastern bank of the Neshaminy Creek and curving northwest. The road curves back to the north and passes by residential subdivisions a short distance to the west of Core Creek Park. The route passes to the west of St. Mary Medical Center before running past more homes. PA 413 runs past the George School to the west and farm fields and neighborhoods to the east before it comes to the PA 332 intersection.
Here, PA 413 turns west to join PA 332 on the four-lane divided Newtown Bypass, with State Street continuing north into Newtown. The bypass heads through wooded areas in Newtown Township and comes to a bridge over the abandoned Fox Chase/Newtown railroad line. The road curves northwest and intersects PA 532, at which point PA 532 joins PA 332 and PA 413 on the Newtown Bypass. The highway turns north and passes through wooded areas with nearby residential development. PA 332 splits from the Newtown Bypass by heading west on Richboro Road while PA 413 and PA 532 continue to the north on the bypass. The roadway passes to the east of Tyler State Park, curving to the northwest. At the entrance to the park, PA 413/PA 532 turn northeast to remain on the Newtown Bypass while Swamp Road heads to the northwest. The road passes between a residential development to the northwest and a shopping center to the southeast before the Newtown Bypass ends at an intersection with Durham Road, at which point PA 413 heads north on Durham Road and PA 532 heads east on Durham Road.
From this point, PA 413 continues northwest as a two-lane undivided road, passing residential subdivisions before continuing into a mix of farmland and woodland with some homes. The road passes to the southwest of the residential development of Newtown Grant before crosses into Wrightstown Township, where it passes through the community of Wrightstown. The route passes through more rural areas with some development, crossing PA 232 in the community of Penns Park.
Past this intersection, PA 413 continues through more farm fields, woods, and housing areas, crossing into Buckingham Township at the Township Line Road/Pineville Road intersection in the community of Pineville. The road continues northwest through agricultural and wooded areas, passing to the north of the residential community of Buckingham Springs. The route passes through forested areas with some development and runs a short distance to the east of the New Hope and Ivyland Railroad, curving north and crossing the railroad line. PA 413 heads to the northwest again through farmland and comes to an intersection with PA 263 in the community of Buckingham. The route becomes a divided highway at this point and crosses US 202 a short distance later.
Past US 202, PA 413 becomes a two-lane undivided road again, continuing northwest through wooded areas with some fields and homes. The road passes through the community of Mechanicsville and runs through more rural areas with some suburban residential subdivisions. The route heads into Plumstead Township after intersection Landisville Road and Ridgeview Drive and continues to the community of Gardenville.
From here, PA 413 continues north into more rural surroundings, passing through farmland with some patches of woods. The road curves to the northwest and becomes the border between Bedminster Township to the west and Plumstead Township to the east before fully entering Bedminster Township. The route passes through more rural areas before it comes to the community of Pipersville. Here, PA 413 turns southwest onto Old Easton Road for a short distance. The route turns west onto Deep Run Road and reaches its northern terminus at an intersection with PA 611. Deep Run Road continues southwest from here as an unnumbered road.
The precursor to present-day PA 413 was the Durham Road, a road built in the 18th century that linked Bristol with upper Bucks County. Durham Road was extended from Bristol to close to the Delaware River near Durham Furnace in the early 1720s. The road was later extended to the Lehigh River past Durham. The Durham Road split into several branches in upper Bucks County, connecting to Bethlehem and Easton. When Pennsylvania first legislated routes in 1911, the Durham Road was legislated as Legislative Route 152 between Bristol and Buckingham. In addition, what would become PA 413 was legislated as Legislative Route 154 between Sellersville and Blooming Glen. PA 101 was designated along the Durham Road between US 13 in Bristol and US 1 and PA 113 in South Langhorne by 1927. PA 413 was designated by 1930 to run from US 309 (Main Street) in Sellersville east to US 122 (now US 202), PA 113, and PA 263 in Buckingham. From Sellersville, the route ran through Perkasie to Blooming Glen. Here, PA 413 headed northeast along a concurrency with PA 113 to Kulps Corner, where PA 113 split to the southeast. PA 413 continued northeast to an intersection with US 611, where it headed south for a concurrency with that route to Pipersville. At Pipersville, PA 413 headed southeast along Durham Road to Buckingham. By 1940, PA 413 was paved between Kulps Corner and US 611 and between Pipersville and Buckingham.
By 1947, the northern terminus of PA 413 was moved from Sellersville to the US 611 intersection in Pipersville. The former route between Sellersville and Pipersville became an extended PA 152 between Sellersville and Perkasie, South Perkasie Road and Blooming Glen Road between Perkasie and Blooming Glen, and a rerouted PA 113 between Kulps Corner and US 611. In addition, the southern terminus was extended from Buckingham to the Burlington-Bristol Bridge in Bristol. The route replaced the entirety of PA 101 between Bristol and Penndel and part of PA 113 between Penndel and Buckingham. By 1950, PA 413 was realigned to bypass Bath Road and Durham Road on its current alignment between Bristol and Penndel. In 1977, PA 413 was rerouted to bypass Newtown to the west on the Newtown Bypass. The former alignment of PA 413 in Newtown followed State Street, Washington Street, Sycamore Sreeet, and Durham Road. In 1991, PA 332 and PA 532 were also routed to bypass Newtown following an extension of the bypass. Also, the northern terminus of PA 413 at PA 611 was moved to its current location at Deep Run Road instead of where Durham Road intersected PA 611.
|Burlington||Burlington||0.000||0.000||Route 413 east||New Jersey state line|
|Delaware River||0.000||0.000||Burlington-Bristol Bridge|
|Bucks||Bristol Township||1.085||1.746||US 13 (Bristol Pike) to Penna. Tpk. – Bensalem, Tullytown|
|2.242||3.608||I-95 – Philadelphia, Trenton||Exit 40 on I-95|
US 1 Bus. north (Lincoln Highway) – Oxford Valley
|Southern terminus of concurrency|
|6.171||9.931||I-95 – Central Philadelphia, Trenton||Exit 44 on I-95|
US 1 Bus. south (Lincoln Highway)
|Northern terminus of concurrency|
|7.030||11.314||PA 513 south (Bellevue Avenue)||Northern terminus of PA 513|
|Middletown Township||7.903||12.719||US 1||Interchange|
|Langhorne||8.323||13.395||PA 213 (Maple Avenue)|
|Newtown Township||11.289||18.168||PA 332 east (Newtown Bypass) – Yardley||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|11.955||19.240||PA 532 south (Buck Road) – Feasterville||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|12.537||20.176||PA 332 west (Richboro Road) – Richboro||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|13.409||21.580||PA 532 north (Durham Road) – Washington Crossing||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|Wrightstown Township||17.562||28.263||PA 232 (Second Street Pike/Windy Bush Road)|
|Buckingham Township||22.565||36.315||PA 263 (York Road) – Philadelphia, New Hope|
|22.704||36.539||US 202 (Doylestown-Buckingham Pike) – Doylestown, New Hope|
|Bedminster Township||31.059||49.985||PA 611 (Easton Road) – Doylestown, Easton|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (December 31, 2012). "Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams" (2013 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- Bucks County (PDF)
- Google Inc. "overview of Pennsylvania Route 413". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://goo.gl/maps/sQkg2. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- ADC Map (2006). Bucks County, Pennsylvania (Map). 1"=2000' (19th ed.). ISBN 0-87530-774-4.
- Souderlund, Jean R. and Catherine S. Parzynski (2008). Backcountry Crucibles: The Lehigh Valley from Settlement to Steel. Associated University Presses. p. 211. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1911). Map of Pennsylvania Showing State Highways (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1911.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Tydol Trails (1927). Map of New Jersey (Map). http://www.jimmyandsharonwilliams.com/njroads/1920s/maps/1927tt2.jpg. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1930). Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1940). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940fr.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- United States Department of the Army (1947). Newark, NJ 1:250,000 Quadrangle (Map). http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-newark-1947.jpg. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
- Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1950). Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1950fr.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Gagnier, Mary (September 10, 1989). "At Long Last Start Of Bypass Extension Is Marked". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (1991). Bucks County Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Bucks_1991_Sheet_1.pdf. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Bishop, Todd (June 11, 1997). "Newtown Traffic Solution 2 First Was The Bypass, Now So Busy, Drivers Are Leaving It. The Sequel: New Traffic Light Timers.". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennsylvania Route 413.|
- PA 413 Termini
- Kitsko, Jeff. "Pennsylvania Highways - Pennsylvania Route 413". Retrieved 2007-04-08.