Pennsylvania Route 611

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

PA Route 611 marker

PA Route 611
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT, City of Philadelphia, and City of Easton
Length: 109.685 mi[1] (176.521 km)
Existed: 1972 – present
Major junctions
South end: I-95 in South Philadelphia
  I-76 in Philadelphia
I-676 / US 30 in Philadelphia
US 1 in Philadelphia
I-276 / Penna Turnpike north of Willow Grove
US 202 in Doylestown
US 22 in Easton
I-80 / US 209 in Stroudsburg
North end: I-380 in Coolbaugh Township
Location
Counties: Philadelphia, Montgomery, Bucks, Northampton, Monroe
Highway system
PA 607 PA 612
PA 301 PA-302 (1926).svg PA 303
PA 826 PA-827 (1926).svg PA 828

Pennsylvania Route 611 (PA 611), formerly U.S. Route 611 (US 611), is a major state highway in Pennsylvania, United States, running from Interstate 95 south of downtown Philadelphia north to Interstate 380 in Coolbaugh Township, Pennsylvania in The Poconos.

Within Philadelphia, PA 611 is also Broad Street (except for the five blocks just south of Cheltenham Avenue, where PA 611 bears right onto Old York Road), the main north–south street in Philadelphia and the traditional route for the annual Mummers Parade.

Route description[edit]

Philadelphia County[edit]

This is a southbound view of South Broad Street in Philadelphia, a part of Route 611
The intersection between 611 and Cheltenham Avenue marks the southern terminus of PA 309 as well as the city line separating Cheltenham Township from Philadelphia, and Montgomery County from Philadelphia County.

PA 611 is mostly Broad Street in Philadelphia, a major avenue that runs north and south through Central Philadelphia. PA 611 is called Broad Street for most of its route in Philadelphia, except in Center City, where PA 611 runs around Philadelphia City Hall, and near the northern edge of Philadelphia, where PA 611 leaves Broad Street for Old York Road before exiting the city. The Broad Street Line, a subway line, runs under PA 611 for most of its route in Philadelphia.[2]

PA 611 begins at an interchange with I-95 at exit 17 in South Philadelphia, a section of Philadelphia. North of the I-95 interchange, PA 611 passes west of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex, which includes Citizens Bank Park, Lincoln Financial Field, Wells Fargo Center, and Xfinity Live!. PA 611 is the main access road to all of these arenas. North of the Sports area, PA 611 meets I-76, the Schuylkill Expressway, which heads east towards the Walt Whitman Bridge into New Jersey. North of I-76, PA 611 meets streets like Moyamensing Ave., Oregon Ave., Passyunk Ave., and Snyder Ave. Near Center City, PA 611 meets South Street, Walnut Street, and Chestnut Street. As PA 611 heads for Penn Square, PA 611 divides and runs around City Hall, also meeting the eastern terminus of PA 3 (Market Street) before becoming Broad Street again. In Center City, PA 611 meets Race Street, which takes passengers to the Convention Center. PA 611 meets I-676/US 30, the Vine Street Expressway, in downtown Philadelphia. North of Center City in North Philadelphia, it goes past Temple University, as well as Spring Garden St., Cecil B. Moore, Glenwood, Lehigh, Allegheny, and Girard Ave.. North of the Temple area, PA 611 meets US 13 (Roosevelt Boulevard). North of the intersection with US 13, PA 611 passes over US 1 with access to and from the southbound direction of that route. At the northern tip of Philadelphia, PA 611 becomes Old York Road and leaves Broad Street, which continues north to PA 309. At the Philadelphia city line and in East Oak Lane, PA 611 meets the southern terminus of PA 309 (Cheltenham Avenue) at an interchange but neither PA 309 or PA 611 is a limited access road.[2]

Montgomery County[edit]

PA 611 northbound at southern terminus of PA 263 in Willow Grove

PA 611 enters Montgomery County as Old York Road after the interchange with PA 309. Old York Road is a historic road that connected Philadelphia to New York City. At the Abington Township/Cheltenham Township border, PA 611 meets PA 73 which is called Township Line Rd. In Willow Grove, PA 611 meets PA 63, also called Moreland Rd. The second junction in Willow Grove is the southern terminus of PA 263, southwest of Hatboro, where PA 263 becomes York Rd. and PA 611 becomes Easton Rd. PA 611 meets I-276, the Pennsylvania Turnpike, at the Willow Grove (#343) exit. In the community of Horsham, PA 611 meets the eastern terminus of PA 463. Also in Horsham, PA 611 passes east of the Horsham Air Guard Station. PA 611 meets an important road at the Bucks - Montgomery county line; that road is called County Line Rd. and it divides the two counties.[2]

Bucks County[edit]

PA 611 enters Bucks County after crossing County Line Rd. In Warrington Township, PA 611 meets the western terminus of PA 132 which is called Street Rd. As PA 611 approaches Doylestown, PA 611 becomes a freeway to bypass Doylestown and the first exit is Main Street. In Doylestown Township west of Doylestown, the freeway meets US 202 at a cloverleaf interchange. The next interchange serves State Street; it also provides access to downtown Doylestown. The next interchange is for Broad St., an access to the Bucks County courthouse. After that, there is a partial interchange with PA 313 with a northbound off-ramp, and a southbound on-ramp. A mile north of the PA 313 interchange, the freeway ends at a partial interchange and passengers coming from southbound lanes can access the Doylestown exit. In Bedminster Township, PA 611 meets the northern terminus of PA 413 and north of PA 413 in Tinicum Township the northern terminus of PA 113. In Nockamixon Township, PA 611 meets the southern terminus of PA 412 which is a route for Nockamixon State Park via PA 563, which meets PA 412 about one-half mile north of PA 611. In Kintnersville, PA 611 meets the northern terminus of PA 32, a road which runs along the Delaware River. North of the PA 32 intersection, PA 611 will parallel the Delaware River for most of its routing. South of Riegelsville, PA 611 meets the eastern terminus of PA 212.[2]

Northampton County[edit]

PA 611 northbound in Easton on Larry Holmes Drive, named for former heavyweight boxing champion Larry Holmes

PA 611 enters Northampton County paralleling the Delaware River. In Williams Township, I-78 passes over PA 611 on the Interstate 78 Toll Bridge. In South Easton there are signs that lead passengers to I-78. After crossing the Lehigh River, PA 611 has entered downtown Easton as Larry Holmes Drive. In Easton, PA 611 meets Northampton Street which enters New Jersey on the Northampton Street Bridge. North of Northampton St, PA 611 meets the eastern terminus of PA 248 and meets U.S. Route 22 the Lehigh Valley Thruway at an interchange. PA 611 turns right on Garden Street and continues north. It turns right again and heads north, passing Lafayette College. As PA 611 exits the city of Easton, PA 611 is called Delaware Drive because PA 611 is paralleling the Delaware River. PA 611 does not have any major junctions in Forks, Lower Mount Bethel, and Washington Townships. In Upper Mount Bethel Township, PA 611 meets the northern terminus of PA 512. In Portland, PA 611 meets a road at an interchange that takes passengers into New Jersey crossing the Delaware River on the Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge. The road enters New Jersey and meets I-80, US 46, and Route 94 at an interchange.[2]

Monroe County[edit]

Route 611 heading northbound through the Pocono Mountains Municipal Airport in Coolbaugh Township

PA 611 enters Monroe County paralleling the Delaware River and I-80 which is in New Jersey. PA 611 passes through the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area south east of Stroudsburg. In Delaware Water Gap, PA 611 meet these roads that connect to I-80 at exit 310. PA 611 becomes Fox Town Hill Road and enters the borough of Stroudsburg meeting with PA 191. Note passengers that want to take I-80 east/ US 209 north continue on PA 611 and passengers that want to take I-80 west/ US 209 south have to take PA 191. PA 611 meets the eastbound lanes of I-80 and the northbound lanes of US 209 and it has access to only I-80 east/ US 209 north. In downtown Stroudsburg, PA 611 briefly joins with US 209 BUS. In Stroud Township, PA 611 meets the northern terminus of PA 33 a 29-mile-long (47 km) freeway. PA 611 has access to I-80 west also at the junction with PA 33. In Pocono Township, PA 611 briefly joins with PA 715. North west of PA 715, PA 611 meets I-80 at exit 298 for the final time near The Crossings Premium Outlets, an outlet shopping center. In Swiftwater, PA 611 briefly joins with PA 314. In Mount Pocono, PA 611 joins with PA 940 meets the southern terminus of PA 196. In Coolbaugh Township, PA 611 meets PA 423 which takes passengers to I-380 south. PA 611 terminates when the lanes of PA 611 northbound enter the lanes of I-380 northbound.[2]

History[edit]

US 611.svg
US 611 sign at the intersection of Cheltenham Avenue and Old York Road (611) on the border of Philadelphia and Cheltenham.
Old junction US 611 sign on Easton Road in Willow Grove in 2008. The US 611 shield became missing from the sign and has been replaced with a PA 611 shield.

In 1970, the section of Interstate 380 between the current exit 8 and 13 opened to traffic, and the U.S. Route 611 designation was moved onto that portion of highway. The original U.S. 611 still parallels Interstate 380 approximately 200 yards to the east through Gouldsboro State Park but is now known as Coolbaugh TR 627.[3] The road is now closed to traffic. Locally, it is often known as "Old Route 611".

Until 1972, PA Route 611 remained designated U.S. Route 611, and continued north to U.S. Route 11 in Scranton. That same year, the portion south of Tobyhanna was decommissioned to a state highway.[4]

The stretch between Gouldsboro and Elmhurst Township is now Route 435. Route 611's southern terminus had always been in Center City Philadelphia at the junction with Route 3; it was extended south to I-95 in 1987 (the stretch from City Hall south to Moyamensing Avenue had been part of PA 291).

US 611 in New Jersey and US 611 Alternate[edit]

Button copy guide sign with former US 611 designation at south end of Doylestown Bypass in 2009. This sign has since been replaced.

Until 1953, US 611 was exclusively in Pennsylvania. In late 1953, the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge and Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge were completed, as was the freeway through the Delaware Water Gap connecting them on the east (New Jersey) side of the Delaware River. The Delaware Bridge several miles south-east, which U.S. Route 46 used to cross, was abandoned at that point and later destroyed in 1955 by Hurricane Diane. The freeway had been planned as a realignment of U.S. Route 46, but instead US 611 was rerouted from its all-Pennsylvania route to cross the river twice in order to use the better-quality road on the New Jersey side. The Portland-Delaware Water Gap section of U.S. 611 became U.S. Route 611 Alternate. Route 46, therefore, no longer crossed into Pennsylvania; its western terminus became the junction with U.S. 611 at the intersection at the Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge.

North of the Portland-Columbia Bridge, the road widened from two to four lanes. Less than a mile north was a three-way intersection with only a caution light where Route 94 began and ran north. North of that intersection, Route 611 became a four-lane divided freeway and crossed the Delaware River a few miles further north on the Delaware Water Gap Toll bridge. After crossing into Pennsylvania, the divided highway narrowed again for a mile to a four lane road and curved into downtown Delaware Water Gap. There it intersected U.S. 611 Alternate and continued on to Stroudsburg. In 1959, it was announced that Interstate 80 would eventually be designated on the freeway. In 1964, U.S. Route 209 was moved to a newly built freeway to bypass Stroudsburg and wind south of the city. (The old alignment of U.S. 209 was redesignated as U.S. 209 Business from several miles north of East Stroudsburg to five miles south of Stroudsburg.) US 611 freeway was extended by a mile and when it ran into the then-newly built US 209 bypass, US 611 continued to run concurrently through Stroudsburg. Just west of Stroudsburg US 209 headed south and merged with 209 Business. US 611 continued west a few miles and winded slightly north and merged with US 611 alternate. The original US 611 from Delaware Water Gap past Stroudsburg was now also Alternate US 611. In 1965, the stretch of US 611 from the Route 94 intersection up past the Delaware Water Gap Bridge through the merger with US 611 Alternate was designated both US 611 and Interstate 80. Also past the merger with the US 209 bypass, the freeway was designated interstate 80, US 209, and US 611. Past Stroudsburg the freeway headed south and merging with US 209 Business continued to be designated as US 209. The freeway headed northwest was designated US 611 and Interstate 80. By 1972, Pennsylvania portions of Interstate 80 in the state were completed.

In 1972, when US 611 was decommissioned to a State Highway, Interstate 80 became the exclusive route for the area of freeway up to the US 209 bypass connection (US 209 is still designated on the Stroudsburg portion or the I 80 freeway). The US 611 shields all were removed that year from the freeway. In November 1973, the New Jersey portion of Interstate 80 was also complete. Soon after the Pennsylvania sections of I 80 also were complete. From 1972-73, the roads on the New Jersey side of the Delaware River were extensively realigned into a complex group of ramps. At this point, U.S. 611 was both decommissioned and realigned to its former Pennsylvania alignment and became Pennsylvania Route 611 (due to the completion of the Interstate 380 freeway, and its terminus there 25 miles (40 km) south of U.S. 11 in Scranton). PA 611 now was parallel to the Delaware River west to Delaware Water Gap, then to Stroudsburg downtown area, the shopping area north of Stroudsburg and then to Mt Pocono. Route 94 continued to serve the new Columbia interchange, as would U.S. 46. U.S. 46 was realigned to the former U.S. 611 alignment, terminating at Interstate 80 at the new interchange. The Columbia-Portland Bridge approaches on the New Jersey side were rebuilt to feed directly into Route 94 north. The only U.S. 611 shield in New Jersey is located on the approach to the Columbia-Portland bridge from U.S. 46 East.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Philadelphia Philadelphia 0.000 0.000 I-95 (Delaware Expressway) – Philadelphia International Airport, Central Philadelphia Interchange
0.936 1.506 I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway) – Valley Forge, Walt Whitman Bridge Interchange
3.933 6.330 PA 3 west (Market Street, John F. Kennedy Boulevard) One-way pair, square around Philadelphia City Hall
4.245 6.832 I-676 / US 30 (Vine Street Expressway) Interchange
8.464 13.621 US 13 (Roosevelt Boulevard)
8.578 13.805 US 1 south (Roosevelt Expressway) Interchange
Philadelphia
Montgomery
Philadelphia
Cheltenham Township
11.582 18.639 PA 309 north (Cheltenham Avenue) Interchange
Montgomery Cheltenham Township
Abington Township
13.494 21.716 PA 73 (Township Line Road) – Whitemarsh, Cheltenham
Abington Township
Upper Moreland Township
17.216 27.706 PA 63 (Moreland Road)
Upper Moreland Township 17.716 28.511 PA 263 north (York Road)
19.205 30.907 I-276 / Penna Turnpike – Philadelphia, Harrisburg, New Jersey Interchange
Horsham Township 20.285 32.646 PA 463 west (Horsham Road)
Bucks Warrington Township 23.833 38.355 PA 132 east (Street Road) – Warminster
Doylestown Township 27.813 44.761 South end of freeway
27.813 44.761 Main Street – Business District Northbound exit and southbound entrance
28.646–
28.665
46.101–
46.132
US 202 – New Hope, Norristown Cloverleaf interchange
29.527 47.519 State Street
30.882 49.700 Broad Street
Doylestown Township
Plumstead Township
31.697 51.011 PA 313 – Dublin Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Plumstead Township 32.999 53.107 Main Street Southbound exit and northbound entrance
32.999 53.107 North end of freeway
Bedminster Township 38.261 61.575 PA 413 south (Durham Road) – Pipersville
Tinicum Township 40.156 64.625 PA 113 south (Bedminster Road)
Nockamixon Township 43.684 70.303 PA 412 north (Durham Road) – Springtown
48.879 78.663 PA 32 south (River Road) – Upper Black Eddy
Durham Township 50.658 81.526 PA 212 west – Springtown
Northampton Easton 59.306 95.444 To I-78 (Cedarville Road)
60.906 98.019 PA 248 west (Larry Holmes Drive) – Wind Gap, Allentown
60.995 98.162 US 22 (Lehigh Valley Thruway) – Harrisburg, New Jersey, New York Interchange
Upper Mount Bethel Township 77.967 125.476 PA 512 south (Mt. Bethel Highway) – Bangor
Portland 79.603 128.109 To US 46 / I‑80 / Route 94 – New Jersey, New York Interchange
Monroe Smithfield Township 86.200 138.725 To I-80 – New Jersey
Stroudsburg 88.534 142.482 PA 191 (Godfrey Ridge Road/Broad Street) to I-80 west – Bangor, Analomink
88.932 143.122 I-80 east / US 209 north – Delaware Water Gap Interchange
89.156 143.483
US 209 Bus. north (Main Street)
South end of US 209 Bus. overlap
89.337 143.774
US 209 Bus. south (Main Street)
North end of US 209 Bus. overlap
Stroud Township 91.153 146.697 I-80 west – Hazleton Northbound exit and southbound entrance
93.525 150.514 PA 33 south to I-80 / US 209 south – Allentown, Stroudsburg, Snydersville, Hazleton
Pocono Township 97.367 156.697 PA 715 north – Henryville South end of PA 715 overlap
97.435 156.806 PA 715 south to I-80 – Reeders North end of PA 715 overlap
98.367 158.306 I-80 east – Stroudsburg Southbound exit and northbound entrance
101.216 162.891 PA 314 east (Lower Swiftwater Road) – Henryville, Cresco South end of PA 314 overlap
101.436 163.245 PA 314 west (Manor Drive) – Pocono Manor, Pocono Summit North end of PA 314 overlap
Mount Pocono 103.960 167.307 PA 940 east – East Stroudsburg South end of PA 940 overlap
104.024 167.410 PA 196 north (Belmont Road) – Hamlin
PA 940 west (Pocono Summit Road) to I-380 – Blakeslee
North end of PA 940 overlap
Coolbaugh Township 108.918 175.287 PA 423 (Prospect Street) to I-380 south – Pocono Pines, Tobyhanna, South Sterling
109.685 176.521 I-380 north – Scranton Interchange
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered routes[edit]

Former Philadelphia alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 611 Alternate
Location: Philadelphia-Willow Grove

U.S. Route 611 Alternate (US 611 Alt.) was an alternate alignment of US 611 between Philadelphia and Willow Grove. The route began at US 309, US 422, and US 309 Truck at the intersection of Germantown Avenue, Chew Avenue, and Mt. Airy Avenue in Philadelphia, heading northeast on Mt. Airy Avenue. The route became Easton Road as it entered Montgomery County, where it formed a short concurrency with PA 152 before intersecting PA 73. US 611 Alt. continued through Glenside and Roslyn before it reached Willow Grove, where it crossed PA 63 before ending at US 611 near the southern terminus of PA 263.[5] US 611 Alt. was first designated by 1946.[6] The alternate route was decommissioned in the 1950s.[7]

Former Delaware Water Gap alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 611 Alternate
Location: Portland-Stroudsburg

U.S. Route 611 Alternate (US 611 Alt.) was an alternate alignment of US 611 that ran between Portland and Stroudsburg across the Delaware Water Gap. US 611 Alt. began at Portland in Northampton County, where US 611 crossed the Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge into New Jersey. From here, it headed north on the west bank of the Delaware River, passing through Slateford. The route traversed the Delaware Water Gap into Monroe County and passed through the community of Delaware Water Gap. US 611 Alt. curved west and headed into Stroudsburg, where it intersected PA 90 and ended at an intersection with US 209 and US 611. US 611 Alt. was designated during the 1950s on the former alignment of US 611 when US 611 was realigned to use a new alignment across the river in New Jersey, crossing the Delaware River twice on the Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge and the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge.[8] US 611 Alt. was replaced by US 611 in the 1960s when it was rerouted out of New Jersey. I-80 had replaced the alignment of US 611 in New Jersey.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (December 31, 2012). "Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams" (2013 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Google (September 7, 2014). "overview of Pennsylvania Route 611" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US 611 (Decommissioned)". Pennsylvania Highways. Retrieved October 10, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Interstate 380". Pennsylvania Highways. Retrieved October 10, 2014. 
  5. ^ Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ Newark, NJ 1:250,000 Quadrangle (Map). United States Department of the Army. 1947. Retrieved October 9, 2009. 
  7. ^ Official Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ Official Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ Official Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1970. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing