Penrhyn Castle Railway Museum

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The Penrhyn Castle Railway Museum is a museum of industrial railway equipment, located at Penrhyn Castle near Bangor in Wales.

In the nineteenth century, Penrhyn Castle was the home of the Pennant family (from 1840, the Douglas-Pennants), owners of the Penrhyn slate quarry at Bethesda. The quarry was closely associated with the development of industrial narrow gauge railways, and in particular the Penrhyn Quarry Railway (PQR), one of the earliest industrial railways in the world. The PQR ran close to Penrhyn Castle, and when the castle was bequeathed to the National Trust in 1951 a small museum of industrial railway relics was created in the stable block.

The first locomotive donated to the museum was Charles, one of the three remaining steam locomotives working on the PQR. Over the years a number of other historically significant British narrow gauge locomotives and other artifacts have been added to the collection.

Locomotives[edit]

Name Gauge Builder Type Date Works number Notes
Charles 1 ft 10 34 in (578 mm) Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1882 283 Worked on the Penrhyn Quarry Railway
Hugh Napier Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1904 855 ex-Penrhyn Quarry locomotive, being restored to working order
Fire Queen 4 ft (1,219 mm) Horlocks 0-4-0 tender 1848 Worked on the Padarn Railway
Watkin 3 ft (914 mm) De Winton 0-4-0VB 1893 ex-Penmaenmawr & Welsh Granite Co.
Kettering Furnaces No. 3 Black, Hawthorn & Co 0-4-0ST 1885 859 ex-Kettering Ironstone Railway
No. 1 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) Neilson and Company 0-4-0 1870 1561 ex Beckton Gas Works railway
Hawarden Hudswell Clarke 0-4-0ST 1899 526 ex Globe Ironworks, Stalybridge
Vesta Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0T 1916 1223 ex Hawarden Bridge steel works
Haydock Josiah Evans / Richard Evans and Co. 0-6-0T 1879 2309 ex Haydock Foundry, Haydock

References[edit]

  • Penrhyn Castle Industrial Railway Museum (3rd. Edition ed.). The National Trust. 1982. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 53°13′35″N 4°05′41″W / 53.2264°N 4.0947°W / 53.2264; -4.0947