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In ancient Athens the pentacosiomedimni or pentakosiomedimnoi (Greek: πεντακοσιομέδιμνοι) were the top class of citizens set out by the politician Solon during his reforms of the city's political system. The pentacosiomedimni were those whose property or estate could produce 500 bushels of wet or dry goods (or their equivalent), per year. They were eligible for all top positions of government in Athens. These were:

The pentacosiomedimni could also serve as generals (strategoi) in the Athenian army.