||It has been suggested that Pentagastrin-stimulated calcitonin test be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2015.|
|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Half-life||10 minutes or less|
|(what is this?)|
Pentagastrin (trade name Peptavlon) is a synthetic polypeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid as the pentagastrin-stimulated calcitonin test.
Pentagastrin binds to the cholecystokinin-B receptor, which is expressed widely in the brain. Activation of these receptors activates the phospholipase C second messenger system. When given intravenously it may cause panic attacks.
Pentagastrin's IUPAC chemical name is "L-Phenylalaninamide, N-((1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl)-beta-alanyl-L-tryptophyl-L-methionyl-L-alpha-aspartyl".
Pentagastrin stimulation test
Pentagastrin is also used as a stimulation test to elevate of several hormones, such as serotonin. It provokes flushing and is useful in evaluating patients who describe flushing, but have normal or only marginally elevated biochemical markers for carcinoid syndrome.
- Martindale (1993). The extra pharmacopoeia (30th ed.). London: Pharmaceutical Press. ISBN 978-0853693000.
- Braganza, J. M.; Herman, K; Hine, P; Kay, G (1979). "The effect of pentagastrin on peptic secretion in man". The Journal of Physiology 289: 9–16. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1979.sp012721. PMC 1281354. PMID 379305.
- van Megen, HJ; Westenberg, HG; den Boer, JA; Haigh, JR; Traub, M (April 1994). "Pentagastrin induced panic attacks: enhanced sensitivity in panic disorder patients.". Psychopharmacology 114 (3): 449–55. doi:10.1007/bf02249335. PMID 7855203.