Live at the DNA Lounge
|Origin||Alexandria, Virginia, United States|
|Genres||Doom metal, heavy metal|
|Labels||Metal Blade Records, Season Of Mist, Peaceville, Black Widow, Relapse|
Place of Skulls
|Past members||See "Personnel"|
Pentagram is an American heavy metal band from Alexandria, Virginia, most famous as one of the pioneers of doom metal. The band was prolific in the underground scene of the 1970s, producing many demos and rehearsal tapes, but did not release a full-length album until reforming in the early 1980s with an almost completely new lineup. Throughout the band's history the only constant member has been vocalist Bobby Liebling. The revolving lineup of Pentagram has featured many well respected musicians in the local doom metal scene, with members spending time in other acts such as Raven, The Obsessed, Place of Skulls, Internal Void, Spirit Caravan, among many others.
In 1971, Bobby Liebling and Geof O’Keefe decided to leave their previous bands (Shades of Darkness and Space Meat, respectively) to form a new band that reflected their interest in emerging metal acts such as UFO, Black Sabbath, Uriah Heep and Sir Lord Baltimore. At Liebling’s suggestion, the group was named Pentagram, a sinister moniker that reflected the gloomy subject matter of their material. Although the band would change its name several times during 1971 and 1972 (Virgin Death, Macabre, and Wicked Angel were all considered during this period), they would eventually (and permanently) return to their initial moniker.
Also, contrary to popular belief, they were never called Stonebunny; this was the name given to Space Meat when Bobby Liebling joined them briefly.
During their five-year career, they were represented by seven different managers, including Gordon Fletcher, a Washington D.C. rock journalist who wrote for magazines such as Rolling Stone, Creem and Circus. The others were Steve Lorber, Phillip Knudsen, Skip Groff, Bob Fowler, Tim Kidwell and Tom McGuire.
The initial Pentagram lineup consisted of Bobby Liebling (vocals), Geof O'Keefe (guitar), Vincent McAllister (bass), and Steve Martin (drums). Early practices included the long-time standard "Livin' in a Ram's Head", along with several other long-lasting Pentagram stalwarts.
After a month of rehearsals, Space Meat alumni John Jennings joined to create Pentagram's dual-guitar "Mark II" lineup. It soon became clear, however, that Steve Martin's jazz-influenced drumming did not fit Pentagram's hard-rocking style, and so he was asked to leave the group. His position on the drum stool was dutifully filled by guitarist Geof O'Keefe, reprising the role of drummer he had previously enjoyed in Space Meat.
This "Mark III" lineup of Pentagram was a strong one, and at the time, it seemed like Pentagram had found a permanent lineup. However, after this lineup's first rehearsal, Jennings called O'Keefe to tell him that he was leaving the group, citing a lack of interest in heavy music as his reason for departure. After a few rehearsals without a guitarist, bassist Vincent McAllister picked up a guitar and proceeded to shock and amaze Liebling and O'Keefe with his frenzied, feedback-laden soloing. Prior to this revelatory moment, O'Keefe and Liebling could not have possibly anticipated that their humble bassist would go on to become Pentagram's resident guitar god for the next five years. McAllister would later leave for California (1980) to attend classes at the Guitar Institute of Technology (G.I.T.) and Jennings would subsequently collaborate with Mary Chapin Carpenter during the 1980s and into the 1990s as her primary guitarist.
The Ram Family
On Christmas Day 1971, this "classic" Pentagram lineup began rehearsing, with Bobby Liebling singing, Vincent McAllister on guitar, Greg Mayne (formerly of Space Meat) playing bass, and Geof O’Keefe on drums. In mid-1974, rhythm guitarist Randy Palmer joined the "Ram Family", as the group was known, but left in January 1975 due to drug problems and the group once again continued on as a four-piece.
Thanks to manager Gordon Fletcher's industry connections, the group had several "close calls" in the following years with regard to a recording contract. On April 29, 1975, Fletcher persuaded Sandy Pearlman and Murray Krugman (producers and managers for the legendary Blue Öyster Cult) to see them rehearse. Impressed, the two arranged a demo session at Columbia Studios in New York in September. Unfortunately, the session went sour after a conflict between Liebling and Krugman over a point of production, and the group's major label hopes were dashed. The group would also rehearse in front of Kiss members Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley in December 1975, but the Kiss camp was unimpressed by the group's lack of image and the group remained unsigned.
On December 16, 1975, Bobby Liebling and his girlfriend were arrested, leading to the other members of the band meeting on New Year's Eve to discuss their status. The decision was made that the rest of the band would quit Pentagram, because Liebling owned the rights for the name "Pentagram", and they could not continue under that name without him. The remaining members unsuccessfully auditioned singers during much of 1976 before recruiting Marty Iverson as a second guitarist in the summer of 1976 and deciding to give Liebling a second chance. However, after beginning a recording session at Underground Sound, the band split from Liebling again, leaving the sessions unfinished and unmixed.
For much of their career, Pentagram rehearsed at the American Mailing warehouse in Alexandria, Virginia, due to the fact that both Liebling and O’Keefe lived in high-rise apartments. The latter’s father, George O’Keefe, was an executive at American Mailing. Geof O’Keefe had used this location for many of his previous musical projects, whether on his own or with Space Meat. At the warehouse, the group was able to have a good practice room to store their equipment and play loudly without the worry of complaining neighbors. Many of these early rehearsals were recorded onto O’Keefe's reel-to-reel tape recorder. The resulting rehearsal tapes, featuring the many early lineups the group went through in the early '70s, were later traded extensively among Pentagram fans. When American Mailing moved locations, Pentagram eventually moved to rehearse at Mayne's house, which he was renting with an old friend and locally renowned keyboardist Knox Cockrell.
Pentagram’s first 7-inch, "Be Forewarned" was released under the name Macabre and included "Lazy Lady" on the [B-side]. The record was produced by Phillip Knudsen and released on Intermedia (TBSM 003). This recording ended up being one of the band's only proper releases, although a promotional 7-inch of the song "Hurricane" (Boffo Socko R13859) was also released during that time. A large number of demo and rehearsal recordings (as well as 22 unreleased studio recordings) exist from this time period. Despite the handful of recorded material, Pentagram’s repertoire reportedly consisted of nearly 80 original songs, written or co-written by Bobby Liebling, as well as covers such as "Under My Thumb" by the Rolling Stones and The Yardbirds’ version of "Little Games."
Demos recorded by Pentagram include:
- A three-track demo recorded at Columbia Studios on 20 September 1975 (featuring "Run My Course", "When the Screams Come" and "Wheel of Fortune")
- A 12-track demo recorded at the American Mailing Warehouse, Alexandria, VA, in December 1972 and on 2 February 1973 (featuring "Virgin Death", "Yes I Do", "Ask No More", "Man", "Be Forewarned", "Catwalk", "Die in Your Sleep", "Forever My Queen", "Review Your Choices", "Walk in the Blue Light" and "Downhill Slope").
- A five-track demo recorded at Underground Sound, Largo, MD, on 4, 12 and 23 September 1976 (featuring "Smokescreen", "Teaser", "Much Too Young to Know", "Little Games" and "Starlady").
Many of these demos would appear on the semi-authorized 1972–1979 compilation, the bootleg followup 1972–1979 (Vol. 2) and the hard-to-find (albeit official) Human Hurricane compilation. In 2001, Relapse Records issued an authorized compilation of 12 early tracks, three of which were live rehearsal recordings, titled First Daze Here (The Vintage Collection). Following the compilation's success, Relapse released First Daze Here Too in 2006, a two-disc, 22-track compilation of additional unreleased material.
High Voltage Era
After O'Keefe, McAllister, and Mayne split from Liebling, a new lineup consisting of Liebling (vocals), Randy Palmer (guitar) and John Ossea (drums) begun rehearsing in the basement of a dentist's office. Bass players in that period included Rick Marinari, who went on to join Albatross, and Vance Bockis, later of The Obsessed. However, this lineup folded after only a couple of months and Liebling was once again bandless.
On Halloween 1978, the singer bumped into his friend Joe Hasselvander at Louie's Rock City while seeing Sex, a band featuring ex-members of both Pentagram and The Boyz (Hasselvander's previous band). Hasselvander was playing in a singer-less group consisting of himself (drums), Richard Kueht (guitar), Paul Trowbridge (guitar), and Marty Swaney (bass). Liebling soon joined, and in less than a week they would take on the Pentagram moniker and begin performing Liebling's material from the previous Pentagram lineup. This configuration played several shows and released a 7" single of "Livin' in a Ram's Head" in 1979, but personal problems caused this lineup to dissolve later that year. It is generally referred to as the High Voltage Era of Pentagram.
The doom years
Death Row, Pentagram reformed
In 1980, bassist Lee Abney and guitarist Victor Griffin formed a Northern Virginia doom metal band named Death Row. Shortly thereafter, drummer Joe Hasselvander joined, and the group recruited Bobby Liebling on vocals. Former member Martin Swaney soon replaced Lee Abney on bass and the classic Death Row lineup was forged. Following two demos in 1982 and 1983, Hasselvander left the band in 1984. Stuart Rose was picked as his replacement, and the band soon assumed the Pentagram mantle. The 1982 demo, All Your Sins, was then remixed and partially rerecorded in 1984 for release in 1985 as the band's eponymous debut album.
The 1983 demo, along with several live recordings from 1982 and 1983 and the band's first jam from 1981, were collected and released via Black Widow in 2009 as a double CD, Alive in Death.
In 1985 the band released their first, long-awaited full-length studio album with the "Death Row" lineup featuring Liebling on vocals, Griffin on guitar, Swaney on bass and Rose on drums. Initially self-titled, the album is often referred to as Relentless due to it being renamed when it was reissued by Peaceville Records. The album contains a mix of new songs and 1970s-era songs, as will all the Pentagram albums to follow. The record's heavier sound and obscure lyrical themes helped cement Pentagram's reputation as one of the pioneers of the classic doom metal style. After recording their second album Day of Reckoning, the band folded yet again. In 1989, Greg Mayne and Randy Palmer rejoined Liebling with the addition of Ted Feldman on guitar and Jon Cook on drums. The band was working on recording a third LP, but shortly after their first performance in Maryland, they split up.
The previous (and most classic) lineup composed of Liebling, Griffin, Swaney and Hasselvander then reformed in 1993 and Peaceville Records reissued the first two albums. During this same time, Peace Records released the semi-legitimate 1972–1979. This was the first time many of the 1970s-era songs were released. In 1994 they released their third full-length album, Be Forewarned.
More lineup changes
Pentagram split up again in 1996 (a short-lived lineup of Liebling, Greg Reeder on guitar, Greg Turley/Ned Malone on bass and Gary Isom on drums was never recorded) but re-emerged as a duo, with Liebling retaining vocal duties and Hasselvander taking care of all instrumentation. In 1998, Downtime Records released a number of early recordings on a compilation album titled Human Hurricane, and 1972–1979 (Vol. 2), a bootleg follow up to 1972–1979, was released in 1999 by Peace Records.
Liebling and Hasselvander recorded both 1999's Review Your Choices and 2001's Sub-Basement as a duo. In-between those albums, a brief live reunion took place with Griffin, Hasselvander and Abney, with Dale Russell occasionally stepping in for live drumming duties. Shortly after Sub-Basement Hasselvander split with Liebling, who soon recruited guitarist Kelly Carmichael, bassist Adam Heinzmann, and drummer Mike Smail, all members of Frederick, Maryland-based doom act Internal Void. This new lineup recorded Show 'Em How in 2004, an album that featured seven rerecorded 1970s-era Pentagram songs along with three new originals.
In 2001, Relapse Records issued First Daze Here (The Vintage Collection), a compilation consisting of unreleased material from the 1970s. In 2002, Peaceville Records released a compilation of songs from the first three albums titled Turn to Stone. Peaceville re-released the band's first three albums on CD in digipak format in 2005. In 2006, Relapse released a second compilation of unreleased 1970s material, First Daze Here Too. These reissues ensured that Pentagram's early material and albums were finally widely available.
Fall and rise
After Show 'em How, the band remained in limbo due to Liebling's unstable behavior, including collapsing in the intro to an important show at Washington D.C.'s Black Cat, forcing the band to recruit Hasselvander and others from the audience to perform in his stead.
In July 2000, former members Griffin and Abney formed Place of Skulls, following their departure from Pentagram. Place of Skulls briefly featured doom metal legend Scott "Wino" Weinrich on their 2003 With Vision album, though he later left to concentrate on The Hidden Hand. Abney left in 2002 but returned in 2007.
Randy Palmer died in 2002 from injuries suffered in a car crash, while Vincent McAllister died in May 2006 from cancer.
Hank Williams III included renditions of the classic versions of Pentagram's "Be Forewarned" and "Forever My Queen" in his live set. During his performance at the Black Cat club in 2006, Liebling joined Williams onstage and performed the songs himself. On September 15, 2006, Liebling joined Witchcraft onstage at a show at The Rock and Roll Hotel in D.C. to sing Pentagram covers "When the Screams Come" and "Yes I Do".
Joe Hasselvander's solo project The Hounds of Hasselvander released an album in 2007. For live performances, Hasselvander recruited Kayt Vigil (briefly an ex-member of Pentagram) on bass and former 'Ram drummer and Maryland doom mainstay Gary Isom on drums. Hasselvander also contributed to Blue Cheer's 2007 album, What Doesn't Kill You.
On August 23, 2008, a new Pentagram lineup was announced, which featured Bobby Liebling joined by Russ Strahan (guitar), former live-only member Gary Isom (drums) and Mark Ammen (bass).
In 2009, the band played two triumphant shows in New York City and Baltimore, MD. The NYC show was filmed for the documentary Last Days Here. Due to the success of these shows, the band embarked on a seven-date mini-tour which included two sold-out shows in Chicago, plus dates in Seattle, Portland, Austin, TX, San Francisco's DNA Lounge and Hollywood's House of Blues.
On March 14, 2010, Strahan abruptly left the band one day before a spring tour was to begin. Scrambling to find a guitarist, Liebling contacted Johnny "Wretched" Koutsioukis of Wretched fame to replace Strahan on lead guitar. Wretched had limited time to learn the material and for the first few shows, the setlist was cut short. He left after those gigs.
Last Days Here documentary
Last Days Here is a documentary film featuring the daily struggles of Bobby Liebling, the lead singer, songwriter and cofounder of Pentagram, as he and others attempt to get his life back together. The documentary features interviews with prior members of the band as well as Liebling's parents and friends; the roles of his friend Sean "Pellet" Pelletier and his girlfriend Hallie, who became Liebling's wife; and the band's successful 2009 stage comeback.
The film was directed by Don Argott and Demian Fenton from 9.14 Pictures, best known for their acclaimed documentaries "Rock School" and "The Art of the Steal". Sundance Selects, a sister company of the Independent Film Channel, purchased the film with plans to release it theatrically in the winter of 2012.
In 2011, the documentary toured the film festival circuit, debuting at the prestigious SXSW Film Festival as well as playing at the Independent Film Festival Boston, where it won the Grand Jury Prize. Other festival cities include Chicago, Sarasota, FL, and Columbia, MO, as well as stops in Canada, Sweden, Denmark and Australia. At the International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam 2011 it won the prize for Best Music Documentary.
Studio comeback and recent activities
In February 2011, Metal Blade Records announced that Pentagram would play South by Southwest in March 2011, followed by a European tour to begin on April 14, 2011 at Roadburn Festival in the Netherlands. The lineup included Victor Griffin on guitar, Greg Turley on bass, and Albert Born on drums. Born soon left the group and was replaced by Tim Tomaselli.
Last Rites, released April 12, 2011, featured the studio return of Victor Griffin after more than 15 years. Turley and Tomaselli also played on the album, which sparked renewed worldwide interest in Pentagram.
Pentagram's May 2011 tour (which concluded at the Maryland Death Fest), featured Liebling, Griffin, Turley and Gary Isom. Isom, like Turley, was a prior member of the band in the 1990s. The band went on hiatus after the tour.
In June 2012, Pentagram announced that drummer Sean Saley had joined the band. At the end of the year, they announced an amicable split with Griffin. In April 2013, Pentagram unveiled the name of his successor: Matt Goldsborough.
- Current members
- Bobby Liebling - vocals (1971–1977, 1978–1979, 1980–1987, 1989, 1993–present)
- Greg Turley - bass (1995–1996, 2010–present)
- Sean Saley - drums (2012–present)
- Matt Goldsborough - guitar (2013–present)
- Former members
It should be noted that several of the personnel listed above were not permanent members, some having played on one track in the studio or on a demo as session musicians, some played either no live shows or very few.
- Pentagram (1985, later reissued under the name Relentless)
- Day of Reckoning (1987)
- Be Forewarned (1994)
- Review Your Choices (1999)
- Sub-Basement (2001)
- Show 'Em How (2004)
- Last Rites (2011)
- "Be Forewarned" / "Lazy Lady" 7" (1972)
- "Hurricane" / "Earth Flight" 7" (1973)
- "Under My Thumb" / "When the Screams Come" 7" (1973)
- "Livin' in a Ram's Head" / "When the Screams Come" 7" (1979)
- "Relentless" / "Day of Reckoning" 7" (1993)
- A Keg Full of Dynamite CD/LP (2003 Black Widow Records)
- Live Rites double LP (2011 Svart Records)
- When The Screams Come (2011 Metal Blade Records)
- Last Days Here (2011 Mpi Media Group)
- Relentless (1993, Reissue of debut LP)
- Day of Reckoning (1993)
- 1972–1979 (1993)
- Relentless / Day of Reckoning (1996)
- Human Hurricane (1998)
- 1972–1979 (Vol. 2) (1999)
- Blue Explosion: A Tribute to Blue Cheer (2000)
- First Daze Here (The Vintage Collection) (2001)
- Turn to Stone (2002)
- Relentless (2005)
- Day of Reckoning (2005)
- Be Forewarned (2005)
- First Daze Here Too (2006)
- Like Black Holes in the Sky: A Tribute to Syd Barrett (2009)
- If the Winds Would Change (2011)
- Change of Heart EP (1999 demos) (2012)
Bedemon was an offshoot of Pentagram in the early 70s (circa 1973). The name was chosen as a portmanteau of two earlier suggested names, Demon and Behemoth. Prior to joining Pentagram, Randy Palmer and his friend Mike Matthews along with Bobby Liebling and Geof O'Keefe (then current members of Pentagram) got together to record some of Palmer's compositions. The first session resulted in three songs: "Child of Darkness", "Serpent Venom" and "Frozen Fear". After a short time the group got together again and recorded some more tracks. When Palmer officially joined Pentagram he brought two tracks with him, "Starlady", and "Touch the Sky". After Palmer's departure from Pentagram the Bedemon got together in 1979 to record three more songs: "Time Bomb", "Nighttime Killer" and an unnamed composition by O'Keefe. A slightly different line-up (featuring former Pentagram member Greg Mayne on bass) recorded "Night of the Demon" along with some older songs in 1986.
Many songs from the Bedemon sessions were released on various bootlegs throughout the years, but were never officially released until 2005, when Black Widow Records released Child of Darkness.
In 2002, Randy Palmer, Mike Matthews and Geof O'Keefe got back together to record nine new original Bedemon songs. A few months after the studio quality basic tracks were recorded, Bedemon leader Randy Palmer was killed in a tragic automobile accident. Geof and Mike, along with vocalist Craig Junghandel whom Randy had selected to do the vocals prior to his accident, completed and mastered the songs in 2010. The new material, titled "Symphony of Shadows" was released in August 2012 on Svart Records and received excellent reviews from critics. There is discussion from O'keefe, Matthews and Junghandel about the possibility of a supporting tour and more albums.
- Pentagram biography at MusicMight
- Doomed from the Start Washington City Paper May 6th, 2005 (Retrieved November 28th, 2007)
- A Keg Full of Dynamite liner notes
- Pentagram in Metal Archives
- Pentagram - Relentless Collective (BBC) August 17th, 2005
- Official Bedemon biography
- Bedemon at MusicMight
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pentagram (band)|
- Pentagram myspace
- Pentagram website
- Pentagram page on Metal Archives
- Pentagram official store
- Pentagram at Allmusic
- Pentagram discography at MusicBrainz
- July 2009 Interview with L.A. Record
- Pentagram Live Pictures