Pental Island, Victoria

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Pental Island
Victoria
Pental Island is located in Rural City of Swan Hill
Pental Island
Pental Island
Coordinates 35°25′S 143°45′E / 35.417°S 143.750°E / -35.417; 143.750Coordinates: 35°25′S 143°45′E / 35.417°S 143.750°E / -35.417; 143.750
Population 380 (2006)[1]
Postcode(s) 3586
LGA(s) Rural City of Swan Hill
Localities around Pental Island:
Swan Hill New South Wales New South Wales
Castle Donnington Pental Island New South Wales
Lake Boga Fish Point Benjeroop

Pental Island is a rural locality in Victoria, Australia, bordering Swan Hill, Victoria in the north. It is an island bounded by the Murray River in the north and the Little Murray River in the south; the Little Murray diverging from the Murray at Fish Point and converging at Swan Hill. Pental Island is also a parish of the County of Tatchera and the boundaries of the three entities are identical. At the 2006 census, Pental Island had a population of 380.[1]

Two bridges allow access to the island from Victoria, on Pental Island Road at Swan Hill in the west, and on Fish Point Road at Fish Point in the east. There are no crossings to the island over the Murray from New South Wales.

Boundary dispute[edit]

Pental Island is one of two areas (the other is Beveridge Island) which were the subject of border disputes between the states of Victoria and New South Wales. When the Murray was opened for navigation the question arose as to whether all navigable channels were part of New South Wales, as claimed by that state, or whether the Little Murray River was a continuation of the Loddon River enclosing Pental Island as claimed by Victoria. The dispute was raised in 1871 and was resolved in favour of Victoria by the Judicial Committee, with no detailed reason given.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Pental Island (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Sydney Law Review 1971/1". Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 

External links[edit]

  • County of Tatchera, Cadastral map showing county and parish boundaries, categories of lands holdings and reserves., 1880s. National Library of Australia