Pentarchy of 1933
|Pentarchy of 1933|
|José M. Irisari, Porfirio Franca, Guillermo Portela, Ramon Grau, and Sergio Carbó “The Pentarchy” with Fulgencio Batista taken in 1933|
|Executive Commission of the Provisional Government of Cuba|
5 September 1933 – 10 September 1933
|Preceded by||Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada (as Provisional President)|
|Succeeded by||Ramon Grau (as President)|
Pentarchy of 1933 (also known as the Executive Commission of the Provisional Government of Cuba) was a coalition that ruled Cuba from September 5 to September 10, 1933 after Gerardo Machado was deposed on August 12, 1933. Prior to the Pentarchy, General Alberto Herrera (August 12–13, 1933) and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada (August 13 - September 5, 1933) served as President of Cuba.
The members of the Pentarchy were:
- Sergio Carbó y Morera (1891–1971), journalist
- Porfirio Franca y Álvarez de la Campa (1878–1950), attorney, banker and economist
- Ramón Grau San Martín (1887–1969), faculty member at the University of Havana School of Medicine
- José Miguel Irisarri y Gamio (1895–1968), an attorney
- Guillermo Portela y Möller (1886–1958), faculty member at the University of Havana School of Law
The first thing the Pentarchy did was to draft a proclamation which was written by Sergio Carbó and signed by eighteen civilians and one military man, Fulgencio Batista. That proclamation was published in every Cuban newspaper the following day. Carbó later promoted Batista from a sergeant to colonel without notifying the other four. Later they were ousted by the Student Directory and Ramón Grau was named president.
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- Chester, Edmund A. A Sergeant Named Batista. Holt. ASIN B0007DPO1U. 1954.
- Nueva Historia de la Republica de Cuba (1898–1979), Herminio Portell-Vila (Miami, Florida: La Moderna Poesia, Inc., 1996)
- Otero, Juan Joaquin (1954). Libro De Cuba, Una Enciclopedia Ilustrada Que Abarca Las Artes, Las Letras, Las Ciencias, La Economia, La Politica, La Historia, La Docencia, Y ElProgreso General De La Nacion Cubana - Edicion Conmemorative del Cincuentenario de la Republica de Cuba, 1902-1952. (Spanish)