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Pentrich shown within Derbyshire
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The village gave its name to the Pentrich rising, an armed uprising which occurred on the night of 9/10 June 1817. The name is controversial. While much of the planning took place in Pentrich, two of the three ringleaders were from South Wingfield and the other was from Sutton in Ashfield; the 'revolution' itself started from Hunt's Barn in South Wingfield, and the only person killed died in Wingfield Park.
A gathering of some two or three hundred men (stockingers, quarrymen and iron workers), led by Jeremiah Brandreth ('The Nottingham Captain'), (an unemployed stockinger, and claimed, without substantiation, by Gyles Brandreth as an ancestor), set out from South Wingfield to march to Nottingham. They were lightly armed with pikes, scythes and a few guns, which had been hidden in a quarry in Wingfield Park, and had a set of rather unfocussed revolutionary demands, including the wiping out of the National Debt.
The organizer of the event turned out to be a government spy, who became known as Oliver the Spy, and the uprising was quashed soon after it began. Three men were hanged for their participation in the uprising, including Brandreth.
St Matthew's Church
Whilst St Matthew's Church is not mentioned in the Domesday book (1086), a charter of 1154–9 confirms the gift of the church of Pentrich to the cannons of Darley Abbey. Of this Norman church or one which shortly after replaced it the five arcades separating the aisles from the nave, parts of the west wall and south aisle and lower part of the tower remain.
The tower was made higher in the late 14th century and the two aisles were rebuilt. Around 1430 a new pointed chancel arch was built, retaining the earlier capitals and piers and a clerestory was added. The tracery of the east window suggests a date of 1420–50.
The font stands on a pedestal dated 1662 but the bowl has decoration typical of the Norman period. During the 19th century the bowl was absent and was used for the salting of beef.
On the exterior of the south chancel wall is a scratch dial or mass clock, a sort of sundial used to show service times.
Today the church meets for worship every Sunday at 9.30 am.
Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote a famous piece (1817) contrasting the wretched fate of the 'Pentrich Martyrs' (Brandreth, Turner & Ludlam) to the public mourning for the death of Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales in childbirth a few days earlier.
Charles Lamb wrote (1820) "The Three Graves" (which turns out to be not for the condemned men, but their accusers)
- I ask'd the fiend, for whom these rites were meant?
- "These graves," quoth he, "when life's brief oil is spent,
- When the dark night comes, and they're sinking bedwards,
- I mean for Castles, Oliver, and Edwards."
- A fictional account is given of the postwar slump, chartism, the Pentrich Revolution and industrial progress in The Reckoning, Volume 15 of The Morland Dynasty, a series of historical novels by author Cynthia Harrod-Eagles.
Historical romance and erotic novelist Pam Rosenthal involves the hero and heroine of her novel The Slightest Provocation in the unmasking of the Pentrich uprising's government provocateur.
Historical romance author Regan Walker's novel "Against the Wind" features in large part the Pentrich Rebellion of 1817. Published in March 2013, it is available as an eBook on Amazon and other Internet sites.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2012)|
- Cooper, B (1983) Transformation of a Valley: The Derbyshire Derwent Heinemann, republished 1991 Cromford: Scarthin Books
- Cox, J C (1879) The Churches of Derbyshire Vol 4
- Pevsner, N (1978) The Buildings of England: Derbyshire
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