Pentylamine

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Pentylamine
Skeletal formula of pentylamine
Identifiers
CAS number 110-58-7 YesY
PubChem 8060
ChemSpider 7769 YesY
EC number 203-780-2
UN number 1106
DrugBank DB02045
MeSH n-amylamine
ChEBI CHEBI:74848 N
RTECS number SC0300000
Beilstein Reference 505953
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H13N
Molar mass 87.16 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 0.752 g mL−1
Melting point −55 °C; −67 °F; 218 K
Boiling point 94 to 110 °C; 201 to 230 °F; 367 to 383 K
Solubility in water Miscible
kH 410 μmol Pa−1 kg−1
Refractive index (nD) 1.411
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
218 J K−1 mol−1 (at −75 °C)
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
GHS hazard statements H225, H302, H312, H314, H331
GHS precautionary statements P210, P261, P280, P305+351+338, P310
EU classification Highly Flammable F Corrosive C
R-phrases R11, R20/21/22, R34
S-phrases S16, S26, S33, S36/37/39, S45
Flash point 1 °C (34 °F; 274 K)
Explosive limits 2.2–22%
LD50
  • 470 mg kg−1 (oral, rat)
  • 1.12 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
Related compounds
Related alkanamines
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Pentylamine is a chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4NH2. It is used as a solvent, as a raw material in the manufacture of a variety of other compounds, including dyes, emulsifiers, and pharmaceutical products,[2] and as a flavoring agent.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "n-amylamine - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Flick, Ernest W. (1998). Industrial Solvents Handbook (5th ed. ed.). Park Ridge, NJ: William Andrew. p. 695. ISBN 0-8155-1413-1. 
  3. ^ "JECFA Evaluations-PENTYLAMINE. Summary of Evaluations Performed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives" (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2008-07-25