National Air Force of Angola

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National Air Force of Angola
Força Aérea Nacional Angolana
Active 21 January 1976 –
Country Angola
Size 285–348 aircraft
Garrison/HQ Luanda(?)
Commanders
General Francisco Lopes Gonçalves Afonso
Insignia
Roundel Angola-roundel.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack Su-25, Su-22, Mi-24/35
Fighter Su-27, MiG-23, MiG-21
Patrol Fokker F27, EMB-110
Trainer Yak-11, PC-7, Tucano
Transport L-100, An-12, An-26, C.212, Mi-8

The National Air Force of Angola (Portuguese: Força Aérea Nacional Angolana, FANA) is the air branch of the Armed Forces of Angola. Angola became independent from Portugal on 11 November 1975. However, the foundations for the establishment of the air force were laid before independence when members of the then Flying Club of Angola were assembled at Luanda in October 1975.[1] These people and aircraft left behind by the Portuguese Air Force formed the basis for the air transport branch of the force.

The force was formally established on 21 January 1976 as the People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola (Força Aérea Popular de Angola/Defesa Aérea e Antiaérea (FAPA/DAA)). Its first batch of Soviet MiG fighter aircraft was delivered in mid-December 1975.[1] The FAPA/DAA fought several battles with South African Air Force aircraft in November 1981, October 1982, and twice in September 1987.[2]

Circa 1983-85, in order to enhance MPLA's combat capacity, Romania sent 150 flight instructors and other aviation personnel, who contributed to the establishment of an Angolan Military Aviation School.

The FAN has bases at Luanda, Belas, Luena, Kuito, Lubango and Namibe, often referred to by its pre-1985 name of Mocamedes. The World Factbook, produced by the CIA, reported that by 2007 the name of the force had changed to "National Air Force".[3]

Most of the inventory is out of service, and refers to historical equipment delivered along the years. FAN has many bases – most of them, former Portuguese Air Force bases and other courtesy of the cold war – but few airplanes that actually fly. The main body of the active air force is made of transport/cargo planes, used for moving supplies, equipment and personnel between parts of the country.

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Photo Orig Type Versions Numbers In Service Comments
Fighter[4]
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Angolan Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21bis Lofting-1.jpg  Soviet Union Fighter/Trainer MiG-21MF, MiG-21bis 24
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23MLD Flogger K USAF.jpg  Soviet Union Fighter MiG-23ML, Mig-23BN 22-26
Sukhoi Su-27 Sukhoi Su-27UB Belyakov.jpg  Russia Air superiority fighter
Trainer
Su-27S
Su-27UB
6
1
from Belarus[5]
Sukhoi Su-30 Su-30SM Russian Air Force.jpg  Russia Air superiority fighter Su-30K 0 12 on order[6]

Ground Attack[4]

Sukhoi Su-22 Sukhoi Su-22UM-3K Fitter at RIAT 2010 arp.jpg  Soviet Union Ground attack Su-22 15
Sukhoi Su-25 Ukrainian Air Force Su-25UB with two MiG-29s (9-13) in background.jpg  Soviet Union Ground attack Su-25K, Su-25UB 15
Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano Super Tucano at URUBRA I exercise.jpg  Brazil Light attack A-29 3 3 more on order[7]

Trainer Aircraft

Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainer Pilatus.pc-7.fairford2006.arp.jpg   Switzerland Trainer PC-7 22
Yakovlev Yak-11 Jak 11 D-FYAK.jpg  Soviet Union Trainer Yak-11 6
Embraer EMB-312 Tucano Peru Air Force - Embraer T-27 Tucano - Lofting.jpg  Brazil Trainer EMB-312 5
Maritime patrol
Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante SKL in flight cropped (105091729).jpg  Brazil Maritime patrol EMB-111 2
Fokker F27 Friendship Finnish Air Force F-27-400M.jpg  Netherlands Maritime patrol F27MPA 1
Transport[4]
Ilyushin Il-76 Angolan Air Force Ilyushin Il-76TD Karpezo-1.jpg  Russia Transport Il-76TD 2-5 1 crashed in 2009
Antonov An-72 Russian Navy Antonov An-72 Dvurekov-1.jpg  Ukraine Transport An-72 6
Ilyushin Il-62 Sudan Government Ilyushin Il-62M-2.jpg  Soviet Union Transport IL-62 1
Antonov An-32 An32roh.JPG  Ukraine Transport An-32 11
Antonov An-26 An-26-slovak-3208.jpg  Soviet Union Transport An-26 23
CASA C-212 Aviocar CASA 212 side.jpg  Spain Transport C-212-200
C-212M
5
IAR BN-2 Islander JA5235RyukyuAirCommuter.JPG  Romania Transport BN-2A 8-13
Antonov An-12 Myanmar Air Force Shaanxi Y-8 MRD.jpg  Soviet Union Transport An-12 10
Pilatus PC-6 Porter Pilatus PC-6 SkydiveLillo JD18032008.jpg   Switzerland Transport PC-6/B 4
Lockheed L-100 Hercules Tepper-l382-N3867X-061120-03cr-10.jpg  United States Transport L-100-30 1
Cessna 172 Skyhawk VH-MHS.jpg  United States Utility Cessna 172 3
Dornier Do 28 Dornier do 28 d2 sky 04.jpg  Germany Utility Do 28 1
Embraer ERJ-135 City airline embraer erj135 se-raa arp.jpg  Brazil VIP Transport ERJ-135BJ Legacy 600 1 1[8]
Helicopter
Mil Mi-24 Mi-24 Macedonian.jpg  Soviet Union Attack helicopter Mi-25
Mi-35
5
10
Mil Mi-8/Mil Mi-17 Mi-8 Croatian airforce.jpg  Soviet Union transport helicopter Mi-8/Mi-17 57
Aérospatiale SA 315 Alouette II Alouette v-54 arp.jpg  France Utility helicopter SA 315B 2
IAR 316 Alouette III Alouette 3 2.jpg  Romania Utility helicopter 316B 24
Aérospatiale SA 342 Gazelle Gazelle SA342M.jpg  France Utility helicopter SA 342M 8
Bell 212 Twin Huey BMI Bell 212 D-HBZT.jpg  United States Utility helicopter Bell 212 4

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On 14 September 2011, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, operated by the Angolan Air Force, crashed just after takeoff from Nova Lisboa Airport,[9] killing 11 army officers (including three generals, among them Kalias Pedro) and six civilians.[10][11] The accident occurred at 11:30 am at the airport, with a military delegation on board the flight at Albano Machado Airport.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4. 
  2. ^ Cooper and Weinert 2010, 52, 54, 60.
  3. ^ "Non official site with history of FAN". fanangola.webnode.pt. Retrieved 21 August 2011.  (Portuguese)
  4. ^ a b c http://www.flightglobal.com/assets/getasset.aspx?ItemID=26061
  5. ^ ["World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2013 Aerospace: Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2013.]
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ First Three A-29 Super Tucano to the National Air Force of Angola - Deagel.com, January 31, 2013
  8. ^ Dominic Perry (14 September 2011). "Angolan air force Embraer transport crashes". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Angola: Huambo air force plane crash kills generals". BBC News. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2012 
  11. ^ "Angola army says 17 killed in air crash". Dawn.com. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "17 Killed in Wednesay Air Force plane crash". Angola Press Agency. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4.