People's Conscience Party

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People's Conscience Party
Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat
Chairman Wiranto
Founded 21 December 2006
Headquarters Jakarta
Ideology Pancasila
Ballot number 10
Presidential candidate Joko Widodo
DPR Seats
16 / 560
Website
http://www.hanura.com/
Politics of Indonesia
Political parties
Elections

The People's Conscience Party (Indonesian: Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat, Partai Hanura) is a political party in Indonesia. It was established following a meeting in Jakarta on 13–14 December 2006 and is headed by former Indonesian Military commander Wiranto.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

After being eliminated in the first round of the 2004 Indonesian presidential election, Wiranto was "traumatized" by his defeat and decided not to run for the presidency without his own political vehicle. He resigned from the Golkar Party in 2006 and established a new political party, the name of which he chose himself. The party's target voters are the people who voted for Wiranto in 2004. The party conducted a door-door grassroots campaign. The basis of its support is in West Java, Gorontalo, South Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara and Bali The party's target in the 2004 elections was 15 percent of the vote.[4]

The result of the Indonesian legislative election, 2009 was announced on 9 May 2009. Hanura won 3.77 percent of the national vote, which translated into 18 legislative seats. The party had supported Golkar chairman Jusuf Kalla for the presidency, in which both parties lost out to the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle and the Democratic Party. Hanura chairman Wiranto was his vice-presidential candidate, despite Wiranto's previous statement that he would not settle for the vice-presidency. [5][6][7][8]

Party Platform[edit]

The party's mission is to:

  • bring about clean and authoritative government based on the Pancasila philosophy, the 1945 Constitution and the unitary Republic of Indonesia
  • Produce pious, honest, courageous, resolute and capable leaders who always carry put their responsibilities guided by their conscience
  • Uphold human rights and obligations and the supremacy of the law that acts consistently to bring about legal certainty
  • Develop healthy and educated human resources based on good morals and prove all possible opportunities for women and young people to play an active role in the development of the nation
  • Develop a just national economy that considers environmental issues and that provides the best possible opportunities for business and the creation of jobs to increasing incomes and public prosperity
  • Totally eradicate corruption to bring about an Indonesia that is developed, independent and dignified
  • Develop regional autonomy that is better directed at development throughout the country within the framework of the unitary Republic of Indonesia.[9]

Election results[edit]

Legislative election results[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2009
17 / 560
3,925,620 3.77% Increase17 seats, Opposition Wiranto
2014
16 / 560
6,579,498 5.26% Decrease1 seat, Governing Coalition Wiranto

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profil Partai Politik (Profile of Political Parties), Kompas newspaper 14 July 2008 pp. 38-39
  2. ^ http://www.hanura.com/content/view/126/44/ Official party website (Indonesian)
  3. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990DE2DC143CF935A15751C0A9659C8B63 New York Times World Briefing | Asia: East Timor: Indonesian General Is Charged (accessed 20/7/08)
  4. ^ Tempo magazine No. 0931/March 31-April 06, 2009, pp28-29
  5. ^ Indonesian General Election Commission website Official Election Results
  6. ^ Indonesian General Election Commission website KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR (15 May 2009)) Access date 2009-05-24 (in Indonesian)
  7. ^ The Jakarta Post 10 May 2009 JK-Wiranto officially declare partnership for upcoming elections
  8. ^ Surabaya Post online 24/1/09 Wiranto Tolak Jadi Cawapres (Wiranto refuses to be a vice-presidential candidate) Access date 2009-05-10 (Indonesian)
  9. ^ Hanura Party website Visi & Misi (Vision and Mission) Access date 2014-04-12 (in Indonesian)