People's Council of Syria
|People's Council of Syria
|Speaker||Mohammad Jihad al-Laham, Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
Since 24 May 2012
|Political groups||National Progressive Front
Popular Front for Change and Liberation
|Last election||7 May 2012|
|Parliament Building, Damascus, Syria|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The People's Council (Arabic: مجلس الشعب, Majlis al-Sha'ab) is Syria's legislative authority. It has 250 members elected for a four year term in 15 multi-seat constituencies. There are two main political fronts; the National Progressive Front and Popular Front for Change and Liberation. The presidential candidate is appointed by the parliament and needs to be confirmed for a seven-year term in a referendum. The 2012 elections resulted in a new parliament that for the first time in four decades is based on a multi-party system.
The last parliamentary election was on 7 May 2012 and the results were announced on 15 May.
The Baath party won an even larger victory than it did in previous elections. They won a majority of around 60% of the 250 parliamentary seats. Previously, the Baath had a majority of just over 50% of the seats in parliament. If one adds in the independent MPs aligned with the Baath Party, the MPs who support the president make up over 90% of the seats in new parliament. The National Unity List, which is dominated by the Syrian Baath Party, won 134 seats in the 245 member parliament. Independent individuals 72 seats. The Front for Change and Liberation won 5 seats. Among the newly established opposition parties (established since August 2011), only one single seat was won, namely a seat in Aleppo won by the Syrian Democratic Party, Ahmad Koussa. In addition three representatives of longstanding opposition parties and coalitions have been elected to Parliament: Qadri Jamil (leader of the People's Will Party, former Syrian Communist Party Kassioun wing) and Ali Haydar(leader of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party) from the Front for Change and Liberation, and Amro Osi from the Initiative of Syrian Kurds.
|National Progressive Front (al-jabha al-waTaniyyah at-taqaddumiyyah)||168|
|Popular Front for Change and Liberation||5|
|Source: Syrian parliament|
- People's Council of Syria official government website
- Syria's Legislative System profiles of people and institutions provided by the Arab Decision project