People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
|People's Democratic Party|
|Headquarters||Wadata Plaza, Michael Okpara Way, Wuse Zone 5, Abuja|
|Colours||Green, White, Red|
|House of Representatives|
|Politics of Nigeria
The People's Democratic Party is a conservative political party in Nigeria. Its policies generally lie towards the Centre-right of the political spectrum. It has won every Presidential election since 1999, and is the reigning party in the Fourth Republic amid controversial circumstances.
|Goodluck Jonathan||Namadi Sambo||2011||Won|
|Umaru Yar'Adua||Goodluck Jonathan||2007||Won|
|Olusegun Obasanjo||Atiku Abubakar||2003||Won|
|Olusegun Obasanjo||Atiku Abubakar||1999||Won|
In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54.5% of the popular vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives, and 76 out of 109 seats in the Senate. Its candidate in the presidential election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61.9% of the vote.
In December 2006 Umaru Yar'Adua was chosen as the presidential candidate of the ruling PDP for the April 2007 general election, receiving 3,024 votes from party delegates; his closest rival, Rochas Okorocha, received only 372 votes. Yar'Adua was eventually declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, and was sworn in on May 29, 2007, amid widespread allegations of electoral fraud. In the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate.
At the PDP's 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8, 2008. Ogbulafor, who was the PDP's National Secretary from 2001 to 2005, was the party's consensus choice for the position of National Chairman, selected as an alternative to the rival leading candidates Sam Egwu (who was backed by Obasanjo) and Anyim Pius Anyim. All 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor. Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary.
However, in recent weeks, wave of mass defection has hit the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) across Nigeria, with many aggrieved members decamping mostly to the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN). The aggrieved members who are moving with their supporters will no doubt, boost the chances of Mallam Nuhu Ribadu, the presumptive Presidential flag bearer of the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) ahead the 2011 general elections in Nigeria.
In 2011, after the People's Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency. Following PDP nomination Goodluck Jonathan's victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported that there were violent protests from northern youth.
The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, and limited government regulation. In 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala embarked on a radical economic reform program, which reduced government spending through conservative fiscal policies, and saw the deregulation and privatization of numerous industries in Nigerian services sector — notably the Nigerian Telecommunications (NITEL) industry.
On the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards poverty and welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigeria's first National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to ensure that every Nigerian has access to basic health care services.
The PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution. Though the PDP government set up the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) to address the needs of the oil-producing Niger Delta states, it has rebuffed repeated efforts to revert to the 50% to 50% federal-to-state government revenue allocation agreement established in 1966 during the First Republic.
The PDP is against same-sex relations, and favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds. In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, making it punishable by law for up to five years in prison.
On 15 April 2014, PDP blamed APC for Nyanya bomb attack in Abuja.
The party is a moderate advocate of state-autonomy and religious freedom for the Nigerian provinces. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in some states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna and Abia states. The PDP-led federal government refused to bow to pressure from the southern, predominantly Christian states to repeal the law, and instead opted for a compromise where Islamic law would only apply to Muslims.
- Campbell, John (2010). Nigeria: Dancing on the Brink. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 9. ISBN 1442206918. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Okonta, Ike (12 April 2003). "Nigerians struggle to hold on to their precarious democracy". Taipei Times. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Osumah, Oarhe; Ikelegbe, Augustine. "The Peoples Democratic Party and Governance in Nigeria, 1999- 2007" (PDF). krepublishers.com. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Africa | Nigeria party picks its candidate. BBC News (2006-12-17). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
- Debo Abdulai, "PDP Convention: Intrigues, horse-trading as Ogbulafor emerges chairman", Nigerian Tribune, March 9, 2008.
- "Nigeria: As Ogbulafor Emerges PDP Chairman, Obasanjo Loses Grip", Daily Trust, Abuja (allAfrica.com), March 9, 2008.
- Obasanjo threatens to quit PDP – The Guardian. Nigerian Bulletin (2011-01-06). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
- 2011: Defection wave in the PDP. Vanguardngr.com (2010-12-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
- "Things turn nasty". The Economist (The Economist). 2011-04-19. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- Nigeria Gb. (PDF). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
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- Africa | Nigeria moves to tighten gay laws. BBC News (2007-02-14). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
- Africa | PDP blames APC for Nyanya bomb attack, releases statement. News Arena (2014-04-04). Retrieved on 2014-04-04.
- AFRICA | Sharia compromise for Nigerian state. BBC News (2001-11-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.