National Union (Portugal)

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National Union
União Nacional
President Marcelo Caetano (Last)
Founder António de Oliveira Salazar
Founded 30 July 1930
Dissolved 1974
Merged into changed name to People's National Action
Youth wing Mocidade Portuguesa
Paramilitary wing Legião Portuguesa
Ideology Nationalism, Corporatism,
Fascism (1933-1945)
International affiliation None
Colours Blue and white
Politics of Portugal
Political parties
Elections

The National Union (Portuguese: União Nacional; Portuguese pronunciation: [uniˈɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was the only legal political party in Portugal for most[1] of the period of the Estado Novo. Ideologically, the National Union was a right-wing dictatorship dominated by António de Oliveira Salazar.

The organization was founded in 1930 during the National Dictatorship period of 1928-33. Officially it was not a political party, but an "organisation of unity of all the Portuguese". The party won all seats in elections to the Portuguese National Assembly from 1934 to 1973.[2] In 1970 – two years after Salazar had been replaced as leader and prime minister by Marcello Caetano – the name of the party was altered to Acção Nacional Popular (People's National Action), and subsequent to Salazar's retirement faced formal competition in the 1969 election, nevertheless winning all constituencies in a landslide.[3]

The party had no real philosophy apart from support for the regime. As a result, it melted away after the Portuguese Revolution of 1974.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The opposition Movement of Democratic Unity was legal in 1945-48.
  2. ^ Opposition were allowed supervised participation after 1945 but retired prematurely in the 1945 and 1973 elections.
  3. ^ "Portugal, 1969". PORTUGAL - Assembly of the Republic - Historical Archive Of Parliamentary Election Results. Inter-Parliamentary Union (www.ipu.org). Retrieved 8 October 2012.