People's Party (Faroe Islands)

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The Faroese People's Party – Radical Self-Government
Leader Jørgen Niclasen
Founded 1939
Split from Self-Government Party
Headquarters Jónas Broncksgøta 29
100 Tórshavn
Youth wing HUXA
Ideology Conservatism
Liberal conservatism[1]
Economic liberalism
Faroese independence
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
Colours Green
Løgting
9 / 33
Folketing
(Faroe seats)
0 / 2
Website
www.folkaflokkurin.fo
Politics of the Faroe Islands
Political parties
Elections

The Faroese People's Party – Radical Self-Government (Faroese: Hin føroyski fólkaflokkurin – radikalt sjálvstýri) is a pro-Faroese independence conservative[2] and liberal-conservative political party in the Faroe Islands,[1] led by Jørgen Niclasen. One of the four major parties, it's had eight seats in the Løgting since the 2011 election, making it the joint-largest party, but neither of the Faroes' seats in the Folketing.

Founded in 1939 as a split from the Self-Government Party and by former members of the Business Party (Vinnuflokkurin),[3] the party has traditionally supported greater autonomy for the Faroe Islands. Party leader Hákun Djurhuus served as Prime Minister from 1963 to 1967, as did Jógvan Sundstein from 1989 to 1991. In 1998, it adopted a policy of full independence from Denmark as part of a coalition deal in which leader Anfinn Kallsberg became PM. From 2004 until 2011, except for a short period in 2008, the party has been in coalition with the Union Party and Social Democratic Party, who want to maintain the political status quo. Since November 2011 the party has been in a coalition with the Union Party (Sambandsflokkurin), the Centre Party (Miðflokkurin) and until September 2013 also with the Self-Government Party (Sjálvstýrisflokkurin), who left the coalition after their minister had been sacked.[4]

The party is a member of the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists. The party is affiliated to the International Democrat Union.

History[edit]

The party was founded in 1939 as Vinnuflokkurin.[5] The party split from the Self-Government Party over land reform,[6] and maintained a policy of economic liberalisation and social conservatism, with the party's support based in the fishing industry and private business.[5] The party's economic programme was one of exploitation of local resources to reduce dependence on Denmark, and success of the Sjóvinnubankin was utilised by the party to demonstrate that the Faroes could be economically self-sustaining. The party was given its current name in 1940.[5] In the 1943 Faroese election, the party won 12 out of 25 seats: one short of an overall majority.[7]

The People's Party entered a coalition government with the Social Democratic Party in 1990, breaking the cycle of centre-right and centre-left coalitions.[8] The party withdrew in 1993, being replaced by left-wing parties. In the 1994 Faroese election, the party lost over a quarter of its vote, remaining outside government. However, it did return in 1996, this time with the Union Party, the Self-Government Party, and the Labour Front.[8]

In the election in 1998, the party bounced back to its pre-1994 position, and entered into a cross-spectrum coalition with the Republican Party and the Self-Government Party,[9] under which the People's Party adopted a policy of seeking independence. The independence plan failed in 2001, after Denmark threatened to cut economic assistance earlier than anticipated. In the following year's election, the party remained on 21% of the vote, and stayed in a renewed coalition that also included the Centre Party.[10]

When chairman Anfinn Kallsberg decided not to run for re-election, a new election was slated. There were two candidates, former minister of Fishery, Jørgen Niclasen, and current minister of Industry, Bjarni Djurholm. The election on 2 August 2007 gave Jørgen Niclasen the majority of the votes, making him the new party chairman. In the Danish parliamentary elections of 2007 the party received 20.5% of the Faroese vote (down from the 24.1% it had won in 2005) and lost the seat it had previously held in the Danish national Folketing. At the 2008 Faroese election, the party won 20.1% of the popular vote and seven out of 33 seats. In early elections in 2011, the party won eight seats. In 2013 Janus Rein, who was elected for Progress, joined the Peoples Party after being a member of the Løgting without any political membership for eleven months.[11] After this event, the Peoples Party has 9 of the 33 members of the Løgting.

Ideology[edit]

Generally, the party is liberal conservative.[1] In economics, the party is supportive of the economic liberalism.[12]

The party supports Faroese independence from Denmark. It is one of two major parties (along with Republic) whose primary concern is the constitutional issue, rather than economics.[13]

Election results[edit]

Election Vote % Seats Place
1940 24.7 6 3rd
1943 41.5 Increase 12 Increase 1st Increase
1945 43.4 Increase 11 Decrease 1st
1946 40.9 Decrease 8 Decrease 1st
1950 32.3 Decrease 8 1st
1954 20.9 Decrease 6 Decrease 3rd Decrease
1958 17.8 Decrease 5 4th Decrease
1962 20.2 Increase 6 Increase 4th
1966 21.6 Increase 6 3rd Increase
1970 20.0 Decrease 5 Decrease 4th Decrease
1974 20.5 Increase 5 3rd Increase
1978 17.9 Decrease 6 Increase 4th Decrease
1980 18.9 Increase 6 4th
1984 21.6 Increase 7 Increase 2nd Increase
1988 23.2 Increase 8 Increase 1st Increase
1990 21.9 Decrease 7 Decrease 2nd Decrease
1994 16.0 Decrease 6 Decrease 2nd
1998 21.3 Increase 8 Increase 3rd Decrease
2002 20.8 Decrease 7 Decrease 4th Decrease
2004 20.6 Decrease 7 4th
2008 20.1 Decrease 7 3rd Increase
2011 22.5 Increase 8 Increase 2nd Increase

Leaders[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

Leader From To
1st Jóannes Patursson 1940 1946
2nd Thorstein Petersen 1946 1951
3rd Hákun Djurhuus 1951 1980
4th Jógvan Sundstein 1980 1993
5th Anfinn Kallsberg 1993 2007
6th Jørgen Niclasen 2007 Present day

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Czech) Brachtl, Václav. "Vývoj a proměny stranického systému na Faerských ostrovech". Central European Political Studies Review 12 (4). 
  2. ^ Christina Bergqvist (1 January 1999). Equal Democracies?: Gender and Politics in the Nordic Countries. Nordic Council of Ministers. pp. 318–. ISBN 978-82-00-12799-4. 
  3. ^ Folkaflokkurin.fo, Málningur av Thorstein Petersen handaður Fólkaflokkinum
  4. ^ Kvf.fo, Sjálvstýrisflokkurin fer úr samgonguni
  5. ^ a b c Ackrén, Maria. "The Faroe Islands: Options for Independence". Island Studies Journal 1 (2): 223–238. 
  6. ^ Wylie (1987), p. 170
  7. ^ Cartrite, Britt (2010). "Ethnopolitical Mobilization in the North Sea Region". Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 16 (2): 240–261. doi:10.1080/13537113.2010.490759. 
  8. ^ a b Love et al (2003), p. 146
  9. ^ Love et al (2003), p. 146–7
  10. ^ Love et al (2003), p. 147
  11. ^ In.fo, Janus Rein í Fólkaflokkin
  12. ^ (Danish) Fog, Steffen (9 July 2003). "Det græsklædte egnsteater". Dagbladet Information. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  13. ^ Wylie (1987), p. 226

References[edit]

External links[edit]