People's Square (Shanghai)
People's Square (simplified Chinese: 人民广场; traditional Chinese: 人民廣場; pinyin: Rénmín Guǎngchǎng) is a large public square adjacent to Nanjing Road in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China. People's Square is the site of Shanghai's municipal government headquarter building, and is used as the standard reference point for measurement of distance in the Shanghai municipality.
The marriage market at People's Square has existed since 2004, in which marriage advertisement listings are publicly posted. It costs approximately $3.20 USD for an advertisement that is displayed for five months.
Prior to 1949 and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, what is now People's Square was a course for horse racing owned by the Shanghai Race Club. After gambling and horse racing were banned by the new Communist government, a part of the race course became the People's Square, which included a large avenue and spectator stands for use during parades.
In the 1990s, major changes were made to the square. The Shanghai Municipal Government was moved here from the former HSBC Building on the Bund, also the Shanghai Museum was moved here from its previous site in a former office building. More recent additions include the Shanghai Grand Theatre and the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall.
Other parts of the race course still remain. The clubhouse buildings became the Shanghai Art Museum, while part of the race track became People's Park, a public park.
Well-known landmarks and tourist attractions surrounding the square include:
- Park Hotel Shanghai (tallest building in Asia 1934 - 1952)
- Jinjiang tower (tallest building in city 1987 - 1990)
- Tomorrow Square
- Municipal government headquarters
- Hong Kong New World Tower
- Radisson Shanghai
- Shanghai Grand Theatre
- Shanghai Museum
- Shanghai Art Museum
- Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall
- Shimao International Plaza
- Nanjing Road
- Raffles City
- Tacon, Dave (April 6, 2013). "Finding a spouse in a Chinese marriage market". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
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