People detained by the International Criminal Court
People detained by the International Criminal Court (ICC) are held in the ICC's detention centre, which is located within a Dutch prison in Scheveningen, The Hague. The ICC was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. As of January 2012, it has issued public arrest warrants for 18 individuals, five of whom are currently in custody of the court. A sixth individual was released after the confirmation of charges against him was declined.
The ICC detention centre is for holding people who have been charged with crimes, not for imprisoning convicted criminals. As such, all detainees are considered innocent until their guilt has been proven. Upon conviction by the ICC, criminals are transferred outside the Netherlands to serve their sentences.
|Location||Scheveningen, The Hague|
|Managed by||The ICC registrar|
The ICC currently has twelve detention cells in a Dutch prison in Scheveningen, The Hague. Suspects held by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia are held in the same prison and share some facilities, like the fitness room, but have no contact with suspects held by the ICC.
The ICC registrar is responsible for managing the detention centre. The rules governing detainment are contained in Chapter 6 of the Regulations of the Court and Chapter 5 of the Regulations of the Registry. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has unrestricted access to the detention centre.
Detainees are provided with meals, but they may also cook for themselves, purchase food from the prison shop, and have ingredients ordered in. However, Charles Taylor's lawyers have complained that "the food which is served is completely eurocentric and not palatable to the African palate".
Detainees are allowed to communicate in private with their defence teams and diplomatic representatives of their countries of origin. They are permitted visits from family members, wives and partners, and spiritual advisors.
List of detainees
The following table lists all the people who have been held at the ICC detention centre since it was established in 2006. The first person ever detained by the court was Thomas Lubanga, who arrived at the detention centre on March 17, 2006.
As of December 2013, the detention centre houses eight suspects. Three former detainings have been released or transferred, including Charles Taylor, who was tried in the Special Court for Sierra Leone. His trial was held at the ICC's facilities in The Hague because of political and security concerns about holding the trial in Freetown.
|Lubanga Dyilo, ThomasThomas Lubanga Dyilo||16 March 2006||—||Appealing sentence of 14 years' imprisonment|||
|Taylor, CharlesCharles Taylor||20 June 2006||15 October 2013||Tried by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, transferred to the United Kingdom to serve his sentence of 50 years' imprisonment|||
|Katanga, GermainGermain Katanga||17 October 2007||—||Trial is ongoing|||
|Ngudjolo Chui, MathieuMathieu Ngudjolo Chui||7 February 2007||21 December 2012||Released following acquittal; appeal pending|||
|Bemba, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Bemba||3 July 2008||—||Trial ongoing|||
|Mbarushimana, CallixteCallixte Mbarushimana||25 January 2011||23 December 2011||Released following dismissal of charges|||
|Gbagbo, LaurentLaurent Gbagbo||30 November 2011||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Ntaganda, BoscoBosco Ntaganda||22 March 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Kilolo Musamba, AiméAimé Kilolo Musamba||25 November 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Wandu, FidèleFidèle Wandu||25 November 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Kabongo, Jean-JacquesJean-Jacques Kabongo||4 December 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
Notes and references
- United Nations Department of Public Information (December 2002). The International Criminal Court. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (2007). PDF. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- Emma Thomasson (February 28, 2006). ICC says cells ready for Uganda war crimes suspects. Reuters. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (May 26, 2004). PDF, Chapter 6. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (September 25, 2006). PDF, Chapter 5. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (March 29, 2006). PDF, Article 4. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (April 2006). FAQ about detention put to Terry Jackson, Chief Custody Officer of the ICC. ICC Newsletter No. 7. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- Alexandra Hudson (May 31, 2007). Warlord Taylor's home is lonely Dutch prison. Reuters. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- International Criminal Court (March 17, 2006). First arrest for the International Criminal Court. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- BBC News (June 20, 2006). Q&A: Trying Charles Taylor. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- "The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo (ICC-01/04-01/06)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Charles Taylor Transferred to the UK for the Enforcement of his Sentence" (PDF). SCSL. 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "ICC - The Special Court for Sierra Leone to use ICC Facilities for Trial of Charles Taylor". ICC. 2006-06-21. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Germain Katanga (ICC-01/04-01/07)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui (ICC-01/04-02/12)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo (ICC-01/05-01/08)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Callixte Mbarushimana (ICC-01/04-01/10)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Laurent Gbagbo (ICC-02/11-01/11)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Bosco Ntaganda (ICC-01/04-02/06)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, Fidèle Babala Wandu and Narcisse Arido (ICC-01/09-01/13)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.