Peoria County, Illinois
|Peoria County, Illinois|
Courthouse Square in Peoria
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Peoria tribe|
|• Total||631 sq mi (1,634 km2)|
|• Land||619 sq mi (1,603 km2)|
|• Water||11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.8%|
|• Density||301/sq mi (116/km²)|
|Congressional districts||17th, 18th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Peoria County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Points of interest
- 6 Communities
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
|This section requires expansion. (August 2008)|
Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there. It included most of the western valley of the Illinois River up to the Chicago river portage.
Peoria County for the first year after its creation, including a large tract of unorganized territory temporarily attached to it.
Peoria County between 1826 and 1827. The newly created Mercer and Warren Counties were temporarily attached to Peoria until county governments could be organized.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water. The county is drained by Spoon River, Kickapoo Creek, Elbow Creek, and Copperas Creek.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Peoria have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.
- Stark County - north
- Marshall County - northeast
- Woodford County - east
- Tazewell County - south
- Fulton County - southwest
- Knox County - northwest
The following public-use airports are located in the county:
- General Wayne A. Downing Peoria International Airport (PIA), formerly Greater Peoria Regional Airport - Peoria, Illinois
- Mount Hawley Auxiliary Airport (3MY) - Peoria, Illinois
As of the census of 2000, there were 183,433 people, 72,733 households, and 47,130 families residing in the county. The population density was 296 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 78,204 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). Racial and ethical percentage of population shows that they are 79.4% of Whites, which carries 55.6% of Germans, 45.9% of Irish, and 39.7% of English ancestry. Non-white minority groups shows 16.1% Blacks and African Americans, 0.22% Native Americans, 1.7% Asians, 0.03% Pacific Islanders, 0.95% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 2% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
There were 72,733 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,705, and the median income for a family was $50,592. Males had a median income of $40,840 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,219. About 10% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
- El Vista
- Galena Knolls
- High Meadows
- Holmes Center
- Lake of the Woods
- Lawn Ridge
- Mardell Manor
- North Hampton
- Oak Hill
- Orchard Mines
- Rome Heights
- South Rome
- Vets Row
- Vonachen Knolls
- West Hallock
People from Peoria County other than in the city of Peoria:
- Chris Brackett, host of Arrow Affliction on The Sportsman Channel
- Mike Dunne, pitcher for several Major League Baseball teams
- Sam Kinison, Preacher, Actor, Comedian
- Bill Krieg, Major League Baseball player
- Lance (Henry) LeGault, TV and movie actor: Colonel Roderick Decker on The A-Team
- Zach McAllister, Major League Baseball player: Cleveland Indians pitcher
- Johnston McCulley, pulp fiction author: creator of Zorro
- Richard Pryor, Actor, Comedian
- David Ogden Stiers, actor, Major Charles Emerson Winchester III on M*A*S*H
- Josh Taylor, TV actor: Chris Kostichek on the soap opera Days of Our Lives
- Jim Thome, first baseman for several Major League Baseball teams
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. 
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Peoria, a N. central county of Illinois". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- "Monthly Averages for Peoria, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Public and Private Airports, Peoria County, Illinois
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Knox County||Stark County||Marshall County|
|Fulton County||Tazewell County|